Costa Concordia disaster
Aground with rigid lifeboats in foreground and inflatables hanging from the side of the ship
|Date||13 January 2012|
|Location||Off Isola del Giglio, Tuscany, Italy, Mediterranean Sea|
|Cause||Struck a rock while deviating from planned course|
|Participants||4,252  (3,206 passengers; 1,023 crew and personnel) |
|Deaths||33 (32 passengers and crew, 1 salvage member)|
The Italian cruise ship
An investigation focused on shortcomings in the procedures followed by the crew and the actions of the Italian captain, who allegedly
Costa Concordia was officially declared a "
The total cost of the disaster, including victims' compensation, refloating, towing and scrapping costs, is estimated to be around $2 billion, more than three times the $612 million construction cost of the ship.   Costa Cruises offered compensation to passengers (to a limit of €11,000 a person) to pay for all damages, including the value of the cruise. One-third of the survivors took the offer.
Costa Concordia (
The initial impact was at a point 8 metres (26 ft) below water at the "Scola piccola"
 , the most seaward exposed rock of Le Scole, which tore a 50-metre (160 ft) gash in the ship's port side below the
Without propulsive power and on emergency electric power, the ship "shifted position only by means of inertia and the rudders"  and continued north from Le Scole until well past Giglio Porto.  Captain Schettino has said various instruments were not functioning.  Reports differ whether the ship listed to port soon after the impact and when she began listing to starboard.   At 22:10, the vessel turned south. The vessel was then listing to starboard, initially by about 20°, coming to rest by 22:44  at Punta del Gabbianara in about 20 metres  of water at an angle of heel of about 70°. Captain Schettino attributes the final grounding of the ship at Punta del Gabbianara to his own effort to manoeuvre the ship there.  In contrast, on 3 February, the chief of the Italian Coast Guard testified that the final grounding of the ship at Punta del Gabbianara may not have been related to any attempts to manoeuvre the ship  and the ship may have drifted simply due to the prevailing winds that night. 
Captain Schettino stated that, before approaching the island, he turned off the alarm system for the ship's
The captain said that Costa Cruises managers told him to perform a
Costa Cruises confirmed that the course taken in 2012 was "not a defined [computer programmed] route for passing Giglio."
[p 4] In an interview with the Italian TV channel
Passengers were in the dining hall when there was a sudden, loud bang, which a crew member (speaking over the intercom) ascribed to an "electrical failure".
 "We told the guests everything was [okay] and under control and we tried to stop them panicking", a cabin steward recalled.
 Coincidentally, when the ship first made impact with the rock, it was claimed that the
Half an hour before the abandon-ship order, one crew member was recorded on video telling passengers at a muster station, "We have solved the problems we had and invite everyone to return to their cabins."
 When the ship later turned around, she began to
Deviation (from 20:30 UTC) leading to collision (20:45 UTC) and grounding (22:00 UTC)