Così fan tutte
|Così fan tutte|
ossia La scuola degli amanti
Playbill of the first performance
|Translation||Thus Do They All, or The School for Lovers|
|Premiere||26 January 1790|
Così fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti (Italian:
Although it is commonly held that Così fan tutte was written and composed at the suggestion of the
The short title, Così fan tutte, literally means "So do they all", using the feminine plural (tutte) to indicate women. It is usually translated into English as "Women are like that". The words are sung by the three men in act 2, scene 13, just before the finale; this melodic phrase is also quoted in the overture to the opera. Da Ponte had used the line "Così fan tutte le belle" earlier in Le nozze di Figaro (in act 1, scene 7).
The first performance of Mozart's setting took place at the
The subject-matter (see synopsis below) did not offend Viennese sensibilities of the time, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries was considered risqué, vulgar, and even immoral. The opera was rarely performed, and when it did appear it was presented in one of several
After World War II it regained a place in the standard operatic repertoire and is now frequently performed.