Cornell University

Cornell University
Cornell University seal.svg
Latin: Universitas Cornelliana
TypePrivate
EstablishedFebruary 19, 1865 (1865-02-19)
Academic affiliations
AAU
SUNY
APLU
NAICU
Endowment$7.23 billion (2018)[1]
PresidentMartha E. Pollack
ProvostMichael Kotlikoff
Academic staff
1,639 – Ithaca, New York
1,235 – NYC, New York
34 – Doha, Qatar
Students23,600 (Fall 2018)[2]
Undergraduates15,182 (Fall 2018)[2]
Postgraduates8,418 (Fall 2018)[2]
Location, ,
United States

42°26′50″N 76°28′59″W / 42°26′50″N 76°28′59″W / 42.44722; -76.48306
Cornell University logo.svg

Cornell University (l/ NEL) is a private and statutory Ivy League research university in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White,[5] the university was intended to teach and make contributions in all fields of knowledge—from the classics to the sciences, and from the theoretical to the applied. These ideals, unconventional for the time, are captured in Cornell's founding principle, a popular 1868 Ezra Cornell quotation: "I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study."[6]

The university is broadly organized into seven undergraduate colleges and seven graduate divisions at its main Ithaca campus, with each college and division defining its own admission standards and academic programs in near autonomy. The university also administers two satellite medical campuses, one in New York City and one in Education City, Qatar, and Cornell Tech, a graduate program that incorporates technology, business, and creative thinking. The program moved from Google's Chelsea Building in New York City to its permanent campus on Roosevelt Island in September 2017.

Cornell is one of ten private land grant universities in the United States and the only one in New York.[note 1] Of its seven undergraduate colleges, three are state-supported statutory or contract colleges through the State University of New York (SUNY) system, including its agricultural and human ecology colleges as well as its industrial labor relations school. Of Cornell's graduate schools, only the veterinary college is state-supported. As a land grant college, Cornell operates a cooperative extension outreach program in every county of New York and receives annual funding from the State of New York for certain educational missions.[7] The Cornell University Ithaca Campus comprises 745 acres, but is much larger when the Cornell Botanic Gardens (more than 4,300 acres) and the numerous university-owned lands in New York City are considered.[8]

As of October 2018, 58 Nobel laureates, four Turing Award winners and one Fields Medalist have been affiliated with Cornell University. Cornell counts more than 245,000 living alumni, and its former and present faculty and alumni include 34 Marshall Scholars, 31 Rhodes Scholars, 29 Truman Scholars, 7 Gates Scholars, 55 Olympic Medalists, and 14 living billionaires.[9][10][11] Since its founding, Cornell has been a co-educational, non-sectarian institution where admission has not been restricted by religion or race. The student body consists of more than 15,000 undergraduate and 8,000 graduate students from all 50 American states and 116 countries.[2]

History

Cornell University was founded on April 27, 1865; the New York State (NYS) Senate authorized the university as the state's land grant institution. Senator Ezra Cornell offered his farm in Ithaca, New York, as a site and $500,000 of his personal fortune as an initial endowment. Fellow senator and educator Andrew Dickson White agreed to be the first president. During the next three years, White oversaw the construction of the first two buildings and traveled to attract students and faculty.[12] The university was inaugurated on October 7, 1868, and 412 men were enrolled the next day.[13]

Cornell developed as a technologically innovative institution, applying its research to its own campus and to outreach efforts. For example, in 1883 it was one of the first university campuses to use electricity from a water-powered dynamo to light the grounds.[14] Since 1894, Cornell has included colleges that are state funded and fulfill statutory requirements;[15] it has also administered research and extension activities that have been jointly funded by state and federal matching programs.[16]

Cornell has had active alumni since its earliest classes. It was one of the first universities to include alumni-elected representatives on its Board of Trustees.[note 2] Cornell was also among the Ivies that had heightened student activism during the 1960s related to cultural issues, civil rights, and opposition to the Vietnam War; with protests and occupations resulting in the resignation of Cornell's president and the restructuring of university governance.[17] Today the university has more than 4,000 courses.[18] Cornell is also known for the Residential Club Fire of 1967, a fire in the Residential Club building that killed eight students and one professor.

Since 2000, Cornell has been expanding its international programs. In 2004, the university opened the Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar.[19] It has partnerships with institutions in India, Singapore, and the People's Republic of China.[20][21][22] Former president Jeffrey S. Lehman described the university, with its high international profile, a "transnational university".[23] On March 9, 2004, Cornell and Stanford University laid the cornerstone for a new 'Bridging the Rift Center' to be built and jointly operated for education on the Israel–Jordan border.[24]

Other Languages
العربية: جامعة كورنيل
azərbaycanca: Kornell Universiteti
Bân-lâm-gú: Cornell Tāi-ha̍k
한국어: 코넬 대학교
Bahasa Indonesia: Universitas Cornell
Bahasa Melayu: Universiti Cornell
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kornell universiteti
Simple English: Cornell University
slovenčina: Cornell University
slovenščina: Univerza Cornell
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Univerzitet Cornell
татарча/tatarça: Kornell universitetı
Tiếng Việt: Đại học Cornell