Cook Islands

Cook Islands
Kūki 'Āirani ( Cook Islands Māori)
Anthem:  Te Atua Mou E
God is Truth
Location of the Cook Islands
Status Area of the Realm of New Zealand
and Associated State
Capital
and largest city
Avarua
21°12′S 159°46′W / 21°12′S 159°46′W / -21.200; -159.767
Official languages
Spoken languages
  • English (86.4%)
  • Māori (76.2%)
  • other (8.3%) [1]
Ethnic groups (2011 [1])
  • 81.3% Māori
  • 6.7% part-Māori
  • 11.9% other
Demonym Cook Islander
Government Constitutional monarchy
•  Monarch
Elizabeth II
Tom Marsters
Henry Puna
Legislature Parliament
Associated state
• Self-government in free association with New Zealand
4 August 1965
• UN recognition of independence in foreign relations
1992 [2]
Area
• Total
236.7 km2 (91.4 sq mi) ( unranked)
Population
• 2016 estimate
17,379 [3]
• 2016 census
17,459 [4]
• Density
42/km2 (108.8/sq mi) ( 124th)
GDP ( PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$311 million [5] ( not ranked)
• Per capita
$15,002.5 ( not ranked)
Currency New Zealand dollar ( NZD)
Cook Islands dollar
Time zone CKT ( UTC-10)
Drives on the left
Calling code +682
ISO 3166 code CK
Internet TLD .ck
  1. ^ As per the Te Reo Maori Act.

The Cook Islands ( z/ ( About this sound  listen); Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) [6] is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It comprises 15 islands whose total land area is 240 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi). The Cook Islands' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers 1,800,000 square kilometres (690,000 sq mi) of ocean. [7]

New Zealand is responsible for the Cook Islands' defence and foreign affairs, but they are exercised in consultation with the Cook Islands. In recent times, the Cook Islands have adopted an increasingly independent foreign policy. Although Cook Islanders are citizens of New Zealand, they have the status of Cook Islands nationals, which is not given to other New Zealand citizens.

The Cook Islands' main population centres are on the island of Rarotonga (10,572 in 2011), [8] where there is an international airport. There is a larger population of Cook Islanders in New Zealand itself; in the 2013 census, 61,839 people said they were Cook Islanders. [9]

With about 100,000 visitors travelling to the islands in the 2010–11 financial year, [10] tourism is the country's main industry, and the leading element of the economy, ahead of offshore banking, pearls, and marine and fruit exports.

Geography

The Cook Islands are in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia and American Samoa. There are 15 major islands spread over 2,200,000 km2 (849,425 sq mi) of ocean, divided into two distinct groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands of coral atolls. [11]

The islands were formed by volcanic activity; the northern group is older and consists of six atolls, which are sunken volcanoes topped by coral growth. The climate is moderate to tropical.

Tapuaetai (One Foot Island) in the southern part of Aitutaki Atoll

The Cook Islands consist of 15 islands and two reefs.

Group Island Area km² Population 2011
Northern Penrhyn 10 213
Northern Rakahanga 4 77
Northern Manihiki 5 238
Northern Pukapuka 1 451
Northern Tema Reef (submerged) 0 0
Northern Nassau 1 73
Northern Suwarrow 0 2
Southern Palmerston 2 60
Southern Aitutaki 18 1,771
Southern Manuae 6 0
Southern Takutea 1 0
Southern Mitiaro 22 189
Southern Atiu 27 468
Southern Mauke 18 300
Southern Winslow Reef (submerged) 0 0
Southern Rarotonga 67 10,572
Southern Mangaia 52 562
Total Total 237 14,976

The table is ordered from north to south. Population figures from the 2011 census. [12]

Map of the Cook Islands.
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Cookeilande
Alemannisch: Cookinseln
አማርኛ: ኩክ ደሴቶች
Ænglisc: Cōcīega
العربية: جزر كوك
aragonés: Islas Cook
arpetan: Iles Cook
asturianu: Islles Cook
azərbaycanca: Kuk adaları
Bân-lâm-gú: Cook Kûn-tó
башҡортса: Кук утрауҙары
беларуская: Астравы Кука
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Астравы Кука
български: Кук (острови)
bosanski: Cookova Ostrva
brezhoneg: Inizi Cook
català: Illes Cook
Cebuano: Cook Islands
čeština: Cookovy ostrovy
chiShona: Cook Islands
Cymraeg: Ynysoedd Cook
dansk: Cookøerne
Deutsch: Cookinseln
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކުކް ޖަޒީރާ
dolnoserbski: Cookowe kupy
Ελληνικά: Νήσοι Κουκ
español: Islas Cook
Esperanto: Kukinsuloj
estremeñu: Islas Cook
euskara: Cook uharteak
فارسی: جزایر کوک
Fiji Hindi: Cook Islands
français: Îles Cook
Gaeilge: Oileáin Cook
galego: Illas Cook
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Cook Khiùn-tó
한국어: 쿡 제도
hornjoserbsce: Cookowe kupy
hrvatski: Cookovo Otočje
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কোক দ্বীপমালা
Bahasa Indonesia: Kepulauan Cook
íslenska: Cooks-eyjar
italiano: Isole Cook
עברית: איי קוק
Basa Jawa: Kapuloan Cook
Kapampangan: Cook Islands
қазақша: Кук аралдары
kernowek: Ynysow Cook
Kinyarwanda: Ibirwa bya Kuke
Kiswahili: Visiwa vya Cook
Кыргызча: Кук аралдары
кырык мары: Кук ошмаотывлӓ
latviešu: Kuka Salas
lietuvių: Kuko Salos
Ligure: Isoe Cook
Limburgs: Cookeilenj
македонски: Кукови Острови
Māori: Kuki Airani
مصرى: جزر كوك
مازِرونی: کوک جزایر
Bahasa Melayu: Kepulauan Cook
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကွတ်ကျွန်းစု
Nederlands: Cookeilanden
नेपाली: कुक टापु
नेपाल भाषा: कूक टापू
日本語: クック諸島
norsk: Cookøyene
norsk nynorsk: Cookøyane
occitan: Illas Cook
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kuk orollari
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੁੱਕ ਟਾਪੂ
polski: Wyspy Cooka
português: Ilhas Cook
Qaraqalpaqsha: Kuk atawları
qırımtatarca: Kuk Adaları
română: Insulele Cook
русский: Острова Кука
sicilianu: Ìsuli Cook
Simple English: Cook Islands
slovenčina: Cookove ostrovy
slovenščina: Cookovi otoki
ślůnski: Wyspy Cooka
српски / srpski: Кукова Острва
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kukova Ostrva
Basa Sunda: Kapuloan Cook
svenska: Cooköarna
татарча/tatarça: Кук утраулары
Türkçe: Cook Adaları
українська: Острови Кука
اردو: جزائر کک
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Kuk Taqim Aralliri
vèneto: Isole Cook
Tiếng Việt: Quần đảo Cook
Wolof: Dunu Kook
粵語: 曲克群島
中文: 库克群岛