Continental Congress

The Continental Congress, also known as the Philadelphia Congress, was a convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies. It became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.

The Congress met from 1774 to 1789 in three incarnations. The first call for a convention was made over issues of the blockade and the Intolerable Acts penalizing the Province of Massachusetts, which in 1774 enabled Benjamin Franklin to convince the colonies to form a representative body. Much of what we know today comes from the yearly log books printed by the Continental Congress called Resolutions, Acts and Orders of Congress, which gives a day to day description of debates and issues.

Although the delegates were divided early on as to whether to break from Crown rule, the second Continental Congress on July 2, 1776, passed a resolution asserting independence, with no opposing vote recorded. The Declaration of Independence was issued two days later declaring themselves a new nation: the United States of America. It established a Continental Army, giving command to one of its members, George Washington of Virginia. It waged war with Great Britain, made a militia treaty with France, and funded the war effort with loans and paper money.

The third Continental Congress was the Congress of the Confederation, under the Articles of Confederation.

Previous Congresses

The idea of a congress of British North American Colonies was first broached in 1754 at the start of the French and Indian war. It met in Albany, New York from June 18 to July 11, 1754, and was attended by seven colonies. Among the delegates was Benjamin Franklin, who proposed that the colonies join together in a confederation. While this idea was rejected by the Albany congress, it would be revived in the remaining colonies of British North America 113 years later to create Canada.

To present a united front in their opposition to the Stamp act, the Provinces of British North America again met in the Stamp Act Congress, which convened in New York City from 7 through 25 October 1765. It issued a Declaration of Rights and Grievances, which it sent to the British Parliament in London. While the act was repealed, the First Rockingham ministry rejected the Congress' authority.[clarification needed]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Tāi-lio̍k Hōe-gī
한국어: 대륙회의
Bahasa Indonesia: Kongres Kontinental
Bahasa Melayu: Kongres Benua Kedua
日本語: 大陸会議
Simple English: Continental Congress
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kontinentalni kongres
粵語: 大陸議會
中文: 大陆会议