Conservation status

Conservation status
Bufo periglenes, the Golden Toad, was last recorded on May 15, 1989
Extinct
Threatened
Lower Risk

Other categories

Related topics

IUCN Red List category abbreviations (version 3.1, 2001)
Comparison of Red list classes above
and NatureServe status below
NatureServe category abbreviations

The conservation status of a group of organisms (for instance, a species) indicates whether the group still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing conservation status: not simply the number of individuals remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates, and known threats. Various systems of conservation status exist and are in use at international, multi-country, national and local levels as well as for consumer use.

International systems

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is the best known worldwide conservation status listing and ranking system. Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups set through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation.[1][2]

Also included are species that have gone extinct since 500 CE.[citation needed] When discussing the IUCN Red List, the official term "threatened" is a grouping of three categories: critically endangered, endangered, and vulnerable.

  • Extinct (EX) – No known living individuals
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range
  • Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild
  • Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild
  • Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild
  • Near threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered in the near future
  • Least concern (LC) – Lowest risk; does not qualify for a higher risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
  • Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction
  • Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria.

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Many countries require CITES permits when importing plants and animals listed on CITES.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bewaringstatus
العربية: حالة حفظ
azərbaycanca: Mühafizə statusu
Bân-lâm-gú: Pó-io̍k chōng-hóng
беларуская: Ахоўны статус
bosanski: Status zaštite
brezhoneg: Statud mirerezh
Esperanto: Konserva statuso
فارسی: وضعیت بقا
ГӀалгӀай: Ха дара статус
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pó-fu Chhong-khóng
한국어: 보전 상태
hrvatski: Status zaštite
Bahasa Indonesia: Status konservasi
íslenska: Ástand stofns
עברית: מצב שימור
lietuvių: Apsaugos būklė
la .lojban.: jutre'i tcini
македонски: Заштитен статус
Bahasa Melayu: Status pemuliharaan
Nederlands: Beschermingsstatus
日本語: 保全状況
Simple English: Conservation status
slovenčina: Stupeň ohrozenia
slovenščina: Ohranitveno stanje
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Status zaštite
тоҷикӣ: Мақоми ҳифз
Türkçe: Korunma durumu
Türkmençe: Gorag statusy
粵語: 瀕危指標
中文: 保护状况