Conodont

Conodonts
ConodontZICA.png
Reconstruction of a conodont
Euconodonta.gif
Two conodont "teeth" and a reconstruction of a conodont
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Subphylum:Vertebrata
Class:Conodonta
Eichenberg 1930[1]
Groups
  • Paraconodonta
    • Amphigeisiniformes
    • Westergaardodiniformes
  • Euconodonta
Synonyms
  • Conodontophorida (otherwise an order according to Sepkoski, 2002[2])

Conodonts (Greek kōnos, "cone", + odont, "tooth") are extinct agnathan chordates resembling eels, classified in the class Conodonta. For many years, they were known only from tooth-like microfossils found in isolation and now called conodont elements. Knowledge about soft tissues remains limited. The animals are also called Conodontophora (conodont bearers) to avoid ambiguity.

Conodonts are considered index fossils, fossils used to define and identify geological periods.

Geological history

The conodonts first appeared during the Cambrian Stage 2 (also referred as Tommotian).[3] The still unnamed Cambrian Stage 10 can be defined as the first appearance of Eoconodontus notchpeakensis. The upper boundary is defined as the appearance of Iapetognathus fluctivagus which marks the beginning of the Tremadocian and is radiometrically dated as 485.4 ± 1.9 million years ago.

The Cambrian–Ordovician extinction event occurred approximately 488 million years ago. This early Paleozoic extinction event extirpated many conodonts.

The Lau event, about 420 million years ago, a relatively minor mass extinction during the Silurian period, had a major impact on conodont populations.

The Kačák Event was a period of significant extinctions. The group most affected was the Ammonoidea, although there were also faunal turnovers amongst conodonts and dacryoconarids.[4]

The entire class is postulated to have been wiped out in the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event, which occurred roughly 200 million years ago.[5] Near the end of the Triassic deadly marine biocalcification began to occur, along with oceanic acidification, sea-level fluctuations and the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) releasing carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and aerosols. These environmental catastrophes caused the extinction of the conodonts, along with 34% of other marine genera.[6]

The last conodont species to appear, Neohindeodella detrei, existed at the very end of the Rhaetian. The youngest conodont specimen of this species was found in the earliest Hettangian of Hungary, when the final extinction of conodonts occurred.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Conodonta
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Канадонты
català: Conodont
čeština: Conodonta
Deutsch: Conodonten
español: Conodonta
français: Conodonta
galego: Conodonta
한국어: 코노돈트
Bahasa Indonesia: Conodont
interlingua: Conodonta
italiano: Conodonta
қазақша: Конодонттар
lietuvių: Konodontai
magyar: Konodonták
Nederlands: Conodonta
日本語: コノドント
norsk: Conodonter
polski: Konodonty
português: Conodonta
русский: Конодонты
Simple English: Conodont
slovenčina: Konodonty
српски / srpski: Конодонти
suomi: Konodontit
svenska: Konodont
Türkçe: Konodont
українська: Конодонти
中文: 牙形石