Confucius

Confucius
孔子
孔子聖蹟圖.png
A portrait of Confucius by the Ming dynasty artist Qiu Ying (c. 1494–1552)
Born551 BC
Zou, Lu, Zhou Kingdom (present-day Nanxinzhen, Qufu, Shandong, China)
Died479 BC (aged 71–72)
Lu, Zhou Kingdom
NationalityZhou
EraAncient philosophy
RegionChinese philosophy
SchoolConfucianism
Main interests
Moral philosophy, social philosophy, ethics
Notable ideas
Confucianism, Golden Rule
Confucius
Kongzi (Chinese characters).svg
"Confucius (Kǒngzǐ)" in seal script (top) and regular (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese孔子
Literal meaning"Master Kong"
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese孔丘
Literal meaning(given name)

Confucius (s/ FEW-shəs;[1] 551–479 BC)[2][3] was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.

The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known in the West as Neo-Confucianism, and later New Confucianism (Modern Neo-Confucianism).

Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.

Confucius's principles have commonality with Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives, recommending family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle "Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself", the Golden Rule. He is also a traditional deity in Daoism.

Throughout history, Confucius is widely considered as one of the most important and influential individuals in shaping the lives of humanity. His teaching and philosophy greatly impacted people around the world and still remain in today's society.[4][5][6]

Name

The name "Confucius" is a Latinized form of the Mandarin Chinese "Kǒng Fūzǐ" (孔夫子, meaning "Master Kong"), and was coined in the late 16th century by the early Jesuit missionaries to China.[7] Confucius's clan name was "Kǒng" (; Old Chinese: *kʰˤoŋʔ), and his given name was "Qiū" (; OC: *kʷʰə). His "capping name", given upon reaching adulthood and by which he would have been known to all but his older family members, was "Zhòngní" (仲尼; OC: *N-truŋ-s nrəj), the "Zhòng" indicating that he was the second son in his family.[7][8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Konfusius
Alemannisch: Konfuzius
አማርኛ: ኮንግ-ፉጸ
Ænglisc: Confucius
العربية: كونفوشيوس
aragonés: Confucio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܩܘܢܦܘܫܝܘܣ
armãneashti: Confutsiu
arpetan: Confucius
asturianu: Confuciu
Avañe'ẽ: Konfúsio
Aymar aru: Confucius
azərbaycanca: Konfutsi
تۆرکجه: کونفوسیوس
bamanankan: Confucius
Bân-lâm-gú: Khóng-chú
Basa Banyumasan: Konfusius
башҡортса: Конфуций
беларуская: Канфуцый
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Канфуцый
भोजपुरी: कन्फ्यूशियस
Bikol Central: Confucius
Bislama: Confucius
български: Конфуций
Boarisch: Konfuzius
བོད་ཡིག: ཁུང་ཙི།
bosanski: Konfucije
brezhoneg: Konfusius
буряад: Күнзы
català: Confuci
Чӑвашла: Конфуци
Cebuano: Confucio
čeština: Konfucius
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Confucius
corsu: Confuciu
Cymraeg: Conffiwsiws
dansk: Konfutse
Deitsch: Konfyuschus
Deutsch: Konfuzius
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކޮންފޫޝާ
dolnoserbski: Konfucius
eesti: Kong Fuzi
Ελληνικά: Κομφούκιος
español: Confucio
Esperanto: Konfuceo
estremeñu: Confúciu
euskara: Konfuzio
فارسی: کنفوسیوس
Fiji Hindi: Confucius
føroyskt: Konfusius
français: Confucius
Frysk: Konfusius
Gaeilge: Confúicias
Gàidhlig: Confucius
galego: Confucio
贛語: 孔子
ગુજરાતી: કન્ફ્યુશિયસ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Khúng-chṳ́
хальмг: Конфуций
한국어: 공자
Hausa: Confucius
հայերեն: Կոնֆուցիոս
hornjoserbsce: Konfucius
hrvatski: Konfucije
Ido: Kong Zi
Ilokano: Confucius
Bahasa Indonesia: Kong Hu Cu (filsuf)
interlingua: Confucio
Interlingue: Konfuzius
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: Kunpusiusi
isiXhosa: UConfucius
íslenska: Konfúsíus
italiano: Confucio
עברית: קונפוציוס
Basa Jawa: Kong Hu Cu
kalaallisut: Konfusiusi
Kapampangan: Confucius
ქართული: კონფუცი
қазақша: Құң-зы
kernowek: Confucius
Kiswahili: Konfusio
Kreyòl ayisyen: Confucius
kurdî: Konfusyus
Кыргызча: Конфуций
Ladino: Konfusio
Latina: Confucius
latviešu: Konfūcijs
Lëtzebuergesch: Konfuzius
lietuvių: Konfucijus
Ligure: Confucio
Limburgs: Confucius
la .lojban.: kongzi
lumbaart: Confuci
magyar: Konfuciusz
मैथिली: कन्फुसियस
македонски: Конфучиј
Malagasy: Confucius
Malti: Konfuċju
მარგალური: კონფუცი
مازِرونی: کونفوسیوس
Bahasa Melayu: Confucius
Baso Minangkabau: Konfusius
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kūng-cṳ̄
Mirandés: Confúcio
монгол: Күнз
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကွန်ဖြူးရှပ်
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Confucius
Nederlands: Confucius
Nedersaksies: Konfusius
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᑯᓐᕗᓯ
नेपाली: कन्फुसियस
日本語: 孔子
Napulitano: Confucio
нохчийн: Конфуций
Norfuk / Pitkern: Konfucii
norsk: Konfucius
norsk nynorsk: Konfutse
Nouormand: Confucius
Novial: Kongzi
occitan: Confuci
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କନଫୁସିଅସ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Konfutsiy
Pangasinan: K'ung-Tzu
پنجابی: کنفیوشس
Patois: Kanfyuushos
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខុង ជឺ
Piemontèis: Confucio
Tok Pisin: Kongzi
Plattdüütsch: Konfuzius
polski: Konfucjusz
Ποντιακά: Κομφούκιον
português: Confúcio
Qaraqalpaqsha: Konfutsiy
reo tahiti: Confucius
română: Confucius
Romani: Confucius
rumantsch: Confucius
Runa Simi: Khunfuqi
русиньскый: Конфуцій
русский: Конфуций
саха тыла: Конфуций
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱚᱱᱯᱷᱩᱥᱤᱭᱚᱥ
Gagana Samoa: Konefasia
Sängö: Confucius
sardu: Confutziu
Scots: Confucius
Seeltersk: Confucius
Sesotho: Konfuzius
shqip: Konfuci
sicilianu: Cunfuciu
Simple English: Confucius
slovenčina: Konfucius
slovenščina: Konfucij
ślůnski: Kůnfucyjus
Soomaaliga: Confucius
српски / srpski: Конфучије
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Konfucije
Basa Sunda: Kong Hu Cu
suomi: Kungfutse
svenska: Konfucius
Tagalog: Confucius
Taqbaylit: Confucius
татарча/tatarça: Конфуций
тоҷикӣ: Конфутсий
Türkçe: Konfüçyüs
Türkmençe: Konfusiý
українська: Конфуцій
اردو: کنفیوشس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كۇڭزى
Vahcuengh: Gungjswj
vèneto: Confucio
Tiếng Việt: Khổng Tử
Volapük: Confucius
Võro: Kong Fuzi
文言: 孔子
West-Vlams: Confucius
Winaray: Confucius
Wolof: Confucius
吴语: 孔子
ייִדיש: קאנפוציוס
Yorùbá: Kọnfukiọsi
粵語: 孔子
Zazaki: Konfuçyus
Zeêuws: Confucius
žemaitėška: Konfucėjos
中文: 孔子
Bahasa Hulontalo: Kong Hu Cu
Kabɩyɛ: Confucius
Lingua Franca Nova: Kongzi