Comoros

Union of the Comoros

  • الاتحاد القمري (Arabic)
  • al-Ittiḥād al-Qumurī/Qamarī
  • Union des Comores  (French)
  • Udzima wa Komori  (Swahili)
Motto: 
  • وحدة، تضامن، تنمية (Arabic)
  • "Unité – Solidarité – Développement" (French)
  • "Unity – Solidarity – Development"
Anthem: Udzima wa ya Masiwa  (Comorian)
The Unity of the Great Islands
Location of the  Comoros  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of the  Comoros  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Comoros
Capital
and largest city
Moroni
11°41′S 43°16′E / 11°41′S 43°16′E / -11.683; 43.267
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Sunni Islam
Demonym(s)Comorian
GovernmentFederal presidential republic
• President
Azali Assoumani
LegislatureAssembly of the Union
Formation
• Discovery by Portuguese explorers
1503
• Ngazidja, Ndzuwani, Mwali under French rule
1886
• Protectorate of the Comoros
6 September 1887
• Territory under French Madagascar
9 April 1908
27 October 1946
• State of Comoros
22 December 1961
• Independence from France
6 July 1975
• Federal and Islamic Republic of Comoros
24 May 1978
• Union of the Comoros
23 December 2001
17 May 2009
Area
• Total
1,862 km2 (719 sq mi) (171tha)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
850,688 (160th)
• Density
457/km2 (1,183.6/sq mi) (27th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.457 billion[1] (178th)
• Per capita
$1,669[1] (177th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$781 million[1] (182nd)
• Per capita
$894[1] (165th)
Gini (2013)Positive decrease 45.0[2]
medium · 141st
HDI (2018)Increase 0.503[3]
low · 160th
CurrencyComorian franc (KMF)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+269
ISO 3166 codeKM
Internet TLD.km
  1. Excluding Mayotte, an overseas department of France.
  2. Excluding Mayotte.

The Comoros (z/ (About this soundlisten); Arabic: جزر القمر‎, Juzur al-Qumur / Qamar), officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, French: Union des Comores, Arabic: الاتحاد القمريal-Ittiḥād al-Qumurī / Qamarī), is an island country in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique, the French region of Mayotte and northwestern Madagascar. The capital and largest city in Comoros is Moroni. The religion of the majority of the population is Sunni Islam.

At 1,660 km2 (640 sq mi), excluding the contested island of Mayotte, the Comoros is the third-smallest African nation by area. The population, excluding Mayotte, is estimated at 795,601.[4] As a nation formed at a crossroads of different civilisations, the archipelago is noted for its diverse culture and history. The archipelago was first inhabited by Bantu speakers who came from East Africa, supplemented by Arab and Austronesian immigration.

The sovereign state is an archipelago consisting of three major islands and numerous smaller islands, all in the volcanic Comoro Islands. The major islands are commonly known by their French names: northwestern-most Grande Comore (Ngazidja); Mohéli (Mwali); and Anjouan (Nzwani). In addition, the country has a claim on a fourth major island, southeastern-most Mayotte (Maore), though Mayotte voted against independence from France in 1974, has never been administered by an independent Comoros government, and continues to be administered by France (currently as an overseas department). France has vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions that would affirm Comorian sovereignty over the island.[5][6][7][8] In addition, Mayotte became an overseas department and a region of France in 2011 following a referendum passed overwhelmingly.

It became part of the French colonial empire in the end of 19th century before becoming independent in 1975. Since declaring independence, the country has experienced more than 20 coups d'état or attempted coups, with various heads of state assassinated.[9] Along with this constant political instability, the population of the Comoros lives with the worst income inequality of any nation, with a Gini coefficient over 60%, while also ranking in the worst quartile on the Human Development Index. As of 2008 about half the population lived below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.[10] The French insular region of Mayotte, which is the much prosperous territory in the Mozambique Channel, is the major destination for Comorian illegal migrants who flee their country. The Comoros is a member state of the African Union, Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Arab League (of which it is the southernmost state, being the only member state of the Arab League with a tropical climate and also entirely within the Southern Hemisphere) and the Indian Ocean Commission. Other countries near the Comoros are Tanzania to the northwest and the Seychelles to the northeast. Its capital is Moroni, on Grande Comore. The Union of the Comoros has three official languagesComorian, Arabic and French.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Comore-eilande
Akan: Comoros
Alemannisch: Komoren
አማርኛ: ኮሞሮስ
العربية: جزر القمر
aragonés: Comoras
armãneashti: Comore
asturianu: Comores
Avañe'ẽ: Komóra
azərbaycanca: Komor adaları
bamanankan: Komore gun
বাংলা: কোমোরোস
Bahasa Banjar: Komoro
Bân-lâm-gú: Comoros
башҡортса: Комор
беларуская: Каморскія Астравы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каморскія астравы
भोजपुरी: कोमोरोस
Bikol Central: Komoros
bosanski: Komori
brezhoneg: Komorez
català: Comores
Cebuano: Comoros
čeština: Komory
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Komoras
chiShona: Comoros
Cymraeg: Y Comoros
dansk: Comorerne
davvisámegiella: Komorat
Deutsch: Komoren
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖުޒުރުޤަމަރު
dolnoserbski: Komory
डोटेली: कोमोरोस
eesti: Komoorid
Ελληνικά: Κομόρες
español: Comoras
Esperanto: Komoroj
euskara: Komoreak
eʋegbe: Comoros
فارسی: اتحاد قمر
Fiji Hindi: Comoros
føroyskt: Komoroyggjar
français: Comores (pays)
Frysk: Komoaren
Gagauz: Komorlar
galego: Comores
Gĩkũyũ: Comoros
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: कोमोरोस
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Comoros
한국어: 코모로
Hausa: Komoros
हिन्दी: कोमोरोस
hornjoserbsce: Komory
hrvatski: Komori
Ido: Komori
Igbo: Comoros
Ilokano: Komoros
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কোমোরোস
Bahasa Indonesia: Komoro
interlingua: Comores
Interlingue: Comoros
isiZulu: IsiKhomorosi
íslenska: Kómoreyjar
italiano: Comore
עברית: קומורו
Basa Jawa: Komoro
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೊಮೊರೊಸ್
Kapampangan: Comoras
kernowek: Komorys
Kinyarwanda: Komore
Kiswahili: Komori
Kongo: Komoro
Kreyòl ayisyen: Komò
kurdî: Komor
Кыргызча: Коморлор
Ladino: Komoras
latviešu: Komoras
Lëtzebuergesch: Komoren
lietuvių: Komorai
Ligure: Isoe Comore
Limburgs: Comore
lingála: Komori
Livvinkarjala: Komorat
Luganda: Comoros
lumbaart: Cumor
македонски: Комори
Malagasy: Komaoro
മലയാളം: കൊമോറസ്
Malti: Komoros
मराठी: कोमोरोस
مازِرونی: کومور
Bahasa Melayu: Comoros
Baso Minangkabau: Komoro
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Comoros
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကိုမိုရိုနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Comoras
Dorerin Naoero: Komorot
Nederlands: Comoren (land)
नेपाली: कोमोरोस
नेपाल भाषा: कोमोरोस
日本語: コモロ
Nordfriisk: Komooren
Norfuk / Pitkern: Komoros
norsk: Komorene
norsk nynorsk: Komorane
Novial: Komoros
occitan: Comòras
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କୋମୋରୋସ
Oromoo: Komoroos
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Komoros
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਮਾਰੋਸ
पालि: कोमोरोस
Papiamentu: Comores
Patois: Komoros
Piemontèis: Comòre
Plattdüütsch: Komoren
polski: Komory
português: Comores
qırımtatarca: Komorlar
română: Comore
rumantsch: Comoras
Runa Simi: Kumurakuna
русский: Коморы
саха тыла: Комордар
संस्कृतम्: कोमोरोस
Sängö: Kömôro
sardu: Comoras
Scots: Comoros
Seeltersk: Komore
Sesotho: Comoros
Sesotho sa Leboa: Comoros
shqip: Komoret
sicilianu: Comori
සිංහල: කොමරොස්
Simple English: Comoros
SiSwati: IKhomoro
slovenčina: Komory
slovenščina: Komori
ślůnski: Kůmory
Soomaaliga: Komoros
српски / srpski: Комори
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Komori
Basa Sunda: Komoro
suomi: Komorit
svenska: Komorerna
Tagalog: Comoros
தமிழ்: கொமொரோசு
Taqbaylit: Qamar
татарча/tatarça: Коморлар
తెలుగు: కొమొరోస్
тоҷикӣ: Комор
Türkçe: Komorlar
Türkmençe: Komor Adalary
удмурт: Коморъёс
українська: Коморські Острови
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كومور ئاراللىرى
vèneto: Comore
vepsän kel’: Komoran Sared
Tiếng Việt: Comoros
Volapük: Komoruäns
Võro: Komooriq
文言: 葛摩
Winaray: Comoros
Wolof: Komoor
吴语: 科摩羅
Xitsonga: Comoros
ייִדיש: קאמאראס
Yorùbá: Kòmórò
粵語: 科摩羅
Zazaki: Komoroy
Zeêuws: Comoôr’n
žemaitėška: Kuomorā
中文: 葛摩