Commander-in-chief

Military organization
Latvian platoon at Camp Lejune.jpg
Typical UnitsTypical numbersTypical Commander
Fireteam2–4Lance Corporal /
Corporal
Squad/
Section
8–14Corporal/
Sergeant/
Staff Sergeant
Platoon/
Troop
15–45Second Lieutenant /
First Lieutenant /
Lieutenant
Company/
Battery/
Squadron
80–150Captain /
Major
Battalion /
Cohort
300–800Lieutenant Colonel
Regiment /
Brigade /
Legion
1,000–5,500Colonel /
Brigadier General
Division10,000–25,000Major General
Corps30,000–50,000Lieutenant General
Field Army100,000–300,000General
Army Group /
Front
2+ field armiesField Marshal /
Five-star General
Region /
Theater
4+ army groupsCommander-in-chief
NaviesArmiesAir forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Field marshal or
General of the Army
Marshal of
the air force
AdmiralGeneralAir chief marshal
Vice admiralLieutenant generalAir marshal
Rear admiralMajor generalAir vice-marshal
CommodoreBrigadier or
brigadier general
Air commodore
CaptainColonelGroup captain
CommanderLieutenant colonelWing commander
Lieutenant
commander
Major or
Commandant
Squadron leader
LieutenantCaptainFlight lieutenant
Lieutenant
junior grade
or
sub-lieutenant
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
midshipman
Second lieutenantPilot officer
Officer cadetOfficer cadetFlight cadet
Enlisted grades
Warrant officer or
chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
sergeant major
Warrant officer
Petty officerSergeantSergeant
Leading seamanCorporal or
bombardier
Corporal
SeamanPrivate or
gunner or
trooper
Aircraftman or
airman
Talk·View

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control over a nation's military forces.As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a nation-state's executive leadership—a head of state or a head of government .

Often, a given country's commander-in-chief (if held by an official) need not be or have been a commissioned officer or even a veteran. In these countries this follows the principle of civilian control of the military.

Definition

The formal role and title of a ruler commanding the armed forces derives from Imperator of the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire, who possessed imperium (command and other regal) powers.[1]

In English use, the term first applied to King Charles I of England in 1639.[citation needed] It continued to be used during the English Civil War.[2] A nation's head of state (monarchical or republican) usually holds the nominal position of commander-in-chief, even if effective executive power is held by a separate head of government. In a parliamentary system, the executive branch is ultimately dependent upon the will of the legislature; although the legislature does not issue orders directly to the armed forces and therefore does not control the military in any operational sense. Governors-general and colonial governors are also often appointed commander-in-chief of the military forces within their territory.

A commander-in-chief is sometimes referred to as supreme commander, which is sometimes used as a specific term. The term is also used for military officers who hold such power and authority, not always through dictatorship, and as a subordinate (usually) to a head of state (see Generalissimo). The term is also used for officers who hold authority over an individual military branch, special branch or within a theatre of operations.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: رئيس الأركان
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вярхоўны галоўнакамандуючы
čeština: Vrchní velitel
한국어: 총사령관
Bahasa Indonesia: Panglima tertinggi
Kiswahili: Amirijeshi mkuu
Bahasa Melayu: Panglima Tertinggi
Nederlands: Opperbevelhebber
日本語: 最高指揮官
संस्कृतम्: सेनापतिः
Simple English: Commander-in-Chief
slovenščina: Vrhovni poveljnik
српски / srpski: Врховни командант
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vrhovni komandant
Türkçe: Başkomutan
Tiếng Việt: Tổng tư lệnh
粵語: 軍師統帥
中文: 總司令