Christchurch mosque shootings

Christchurch mosque shootings
Part of Terrorism in New Zealand
Canterbury Mosque 12 June 2006 (adjusted levels).jpg
The Al Noor Mosque in 2006
Locations of the Al Noor Mosque (left) and the Linwood Islamic Centre
LocationChristchurch, New Zealand
Coordinates
TargetMuslims, immigrants
Attack type
Mass shooting,[1] terrorist attack[2]
WeaponsTwo semi-automatic rifles, two shotguns, one lever-action rifle, undetonated car bombs
Deaths50
  • 42 at the Al Noor Mosque
  • 7 at the Linwood Islamic Centre
  • 1 later at Christchurch Hospital
Non-fatal injuries
50
Suspected perpetrator
Brenton Tarrant
Motive

The Christchurch mosque shootings were two consecutive terrorist mass shootings at Muslim mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, during Friday Prayer on 15 March 2019.[8] The attacks began at the Al Noor Mosque in the suburb of Riccarton at 1:40 pm, and continued at the Linwood Islamic Centre[9][10][11] at about 1:55 pm.[12]

The attacks killed 50 people and injured 50 more.[13][14] A 28-year-old Australian male white supremacist who was described in media reports as part of the "alt-right" was arrested and charged with murder.[15][16][17] The attacks have been linked to an increase in white supremacism and alt-right extremism globally[18][19] observed since the mid-2010s.[20][21]

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern referred to the attacks as "one of New Zealand's darkest days". Politicians and world leaders condemned the attacks.[22] It is the deadliest mass shooting in modern New Zealand history.[23]

Background

New Zealand has often been considered a safe country, and has a relatively low level of homicide. This is the first mass shooting since the Raurimu massacre, in 1997.[24][25] In 2019, New Zealand was ranked by the Global Peace Index as the second-safest country in the world, behind Iceland.[26] Police statistics on homicides between 2007 and 2016 show an average of 40 to 50 murders per year in New Zealand, equating to 10 to 12 murders per million population per year.[27] Only around 1 in 10 homicides in New Zealand involve a firearm.[28]

Prior to the mosque shootings, the deadliest act of armed violence against unarmed victims in New Zealand since the New Zealand Wars was the shooting and killing of 48 rioting prisoners by guards at the Featherston prisoner of war camp in 1943.[29] The deadliest public mass shooting was the 1990 Aramoana massacre, in which 13 people died.[30]

Islamophobia has increased worldwide, especially following the September 11 attacks and the rise of ISIS.[31] This has led to the passing of anti-Muslim policies in many countries and fueled an anti-immigration agenda for white supremacist populations within Western cultures.[32] In New Zealand spying legislation was brought in that some saw as targeting the Muslim community.[33] Experts have suggested that far right extremism has been growing in New Zealand,[34] a country rarely associated with the extreme right.[35] Christchurch itself has been labelled a "hot bed for white supremacists",[34] a claim rejected by Christchurch MP Gerry Brownlee.[36] Australia, where the alleged gunman was from, has also seen a recent increase in xenophobia, racism and Islamophobia.[37]

Islam is practised by over 46,000 New Zealanders (1.2 percent of the population), including over 3,000 people in Christchurch and the wider Canterbury region.[38] The first Muslims in Christchurch arrived in 1874. The Al Noor Mosque opened in 1985, and was the first in the South Island.[39] The Linwood Islamic Centre opened in early 2018.[40]

Other Languages
Lingua Franca Nova: Ataca en Christchurch
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Napad na džamije u Christchurchu