Christchurch

Christchurch

Ōtautahi  (Māori)
Christchurch
Christchurch City.jpg
ChristChurch Cathedral in summer.jpg
New Brighton and the Port Hills, Christchurch, New Zealand, 12 June 2008.jpg
Peacock Fountain, New Zealand.jpg
Tram in Christchurch (4666583714).jpg
St James Park, Christchurch.jpg
New Zealand - Christchurch Art Gallery - 9597.jpg
Clockwise from top: Christchurch skyline with Southern Alps in background, New Brighton and the Port Hills, a Christchurch tram, the Christchurch Art Gallery, St James Park in autumn, the Peacock Fountain in the Christchurch Botanic Gardens, and ChristChurch Cathedral in Cathedral Square
Flag of Christchurch
Flag
Coat of arms of Christchurch
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
The Garden City
Motto(s): 
Fide Condita Fructu Beata Spe Fortis
English:
Founded in Faith, Rich in the Fulfillment thereof, Strong in Hope for the Future
Christchurch is located in South Island
Christchurch
Christchurch
Christchurch is located in New Zealand
Christchurch
Christchurch
Coordinates: 43°31′48″S 172°37′13″E / 43°31′48″S 172°37′13″E / -43.53000; 172.62028UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode(s)
8011, 8013, 8014, 8022, 8023, 8024, 8025, 8041, 8042, 8051, 8052, 8053, 8061, 8062, 8081, 8082, 8083
Area code(s)03
Local iwiNgāi Tahu, www.ecan.govt.nz
High, Manchester and Lichfield Streets in Christchurch, 1923

Christchurch (/; Māori: Ōtautahi) is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents,[2] making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with an urban park located along its banks. At the request of the Deans brothers — whose farm was the earliest European settlement in the area — the river was named after the River Avon in Scotland, which rises in the Ayrshire hills near to where their grandfather's farm was located.[3]

Archaeological evidence has indicated that the Christchurch area was first settled by humans in about 1250. Christchurch became a city by Royal Charter on 31 July 1856, making it officially the oldest established city in New Zealand. The Canterbury Association, which settled the Canterbury Plains, named the city after Christ Church, Oxford. The new settlement was laid out in a grid pattern centred on Cathedral Square; during the 19th century there were few barriers to the rapid growth of the urban area, except for the Pacific to the east and the Port Hills to the south.

Agriculture is the historic mainstay of Christchurch's economy. The early presence of the University of Canterbury and the heritage of the city's academic institutions in association with local businesses has fostered a number of technology-based industries.

The city suffered a series of earthquakes between September 2010 and early 2012, with the most destructive of them occurring at 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday, 22 February 2011, in which 185 people were killed and thousands of buildings across the city collapsed or suffered severe damage. By late 2013, 1,500 buildings in the city had been demolished, leading to an ongoing recovery and rebuilding project.

Names

The name of "Christchurch" was agreed on at the first meeting of the Canterbury Association on 27 March 1848. It was suggested by founder John Robert Godley, whose alma mater was Christ Church, Oxford.[4]

The Māori name Ōtautahi ("the place of Tautahi") was adopted in the 1930s; originally it was the name of a specific site by the Avon River (near present-day Kilmore Street).[5] The site was a seasonal dwelling of Ngāi Tahu chief Te Potiki Tautahi, whose main home was Port Levy on Banks Peninsula. Prior to that the Ngāi Tahu generally referred to the Christchurch area as Karaitiana,[6] a transliteration of the English word Christian.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Christchurch
Ænglisc: Crīstcirice
العربية: كرايستشرش
aragonés: Christchurch
azərbaycanca: Kraystçerç
Bân-lâm-gú: Christchurch
башҡортса: Крайстчерч
беларуская: Крайстчэрч
български: Крайстчърч
bosanski: Christchurch
brezhoneg: Christchurch
català: Christchurch
Cebuano: Christchurch
čeština: Christchurch
Cymraeg: Christchurch
Deutsch: Christchurch
Ελληνικά: Κράισττσερτς
español: Christchurch
Esperanto: Kristkirko
euskara: Christchurch
français: Christchurch
Gaeilge: Christchurch
galego: Christchurch
hrvatski: Christchurch
Bahasa Indonesia: Christchurch
Interlingue: Christchurch
íslenska: Christchurch
italiano: Christchurch
Basa Jawa: Christchurch
kalaallisut: Christchurch
ქართული: კრაისტჩერჩი
Kiswahili: Christchurch
Ladino: Christchurch
Latina: Christopolis
latviešu: Kraistčērča
lietuvių: Kraistčerčas
magyar: Christchurch
македонски: Крајстчерч
Malagasy: Christchurch
Māori: Ōtautahi
Bahasa Melayu: Christchurch
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ခရစ်ချပ်ချ်မြို့
norsk nynorsk: Christchurch
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kraystcherch
پنجابی: کرائسٹ چرچ
português: Christchurch
română: Christchurch
русский: Крайстчерч
sicilianu: Christchurch
Simple English: Christchurch
slovenčina: Christchurch
српски / srpski: Крајстчерч
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Christchurch
svenska: Christchurch
татарча/tatarça: Крайстчөрч
Türkçe: Christchurch
українська: Крайстчерч
Tiếng Việt: Christchurch
Winaray: Christchurch
粵語: 基督城
中文: 基督城