Choo Mi-ae

Choo Mi-ae
추미애
Choo Mi-ae 2015 panel.jpg
Choo Mi-ae in 2015
Leader of the Democratic Party
In office
27 August 2016 – 25 August 2018
Preceded byKim Chong-in (Interim)
Succeeded byLee Hae-chan
Member of the National Assembly
Assumed office
30 May 2008
Preceded byKim Hyeong-joo
ConstituencyGwangjin B (Seoul)
In office
30 May 1996 – 29 May 2004
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded byKim Hyeong-joo
ConstituencyGwangjin B (Seoul)
Personal details
Born (1958-10-23) 23 October 1958 (age 60)
Daegu, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea
NationalitySouth Korean
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materHanyang University
www.choomiae.com
Choo Mi-ae
Hangul
추미애
Hanja
秋美愛
Revised RomanizationChu Miae
McCune–ReischauerCh'u Miae

Choo Mi-ae (Hangul추미애; Hanja秋美愛; born 23 October 1958) is a South Korean politician in the liberal Democratic Party who has served as member of the National Assembly for Gwangjin, Seoul, since 2008. She previously represented the same constituency between 1996 and 2004. A former judge, Choo ran for the leadership of her party twice, in 2003 and 2008, but was unsuccessful each time.

Political career

Entry into politics

Before her involvement in politics, Choo served as a district court judge for 12 years. She left her position in protest of government pressure to bring judgements against pro-democracy activists, and joined the opposition National Congress for New Politics.[1] She entered the National Assembly in the 1996 elections as a member of the National Congress. She crossed regional barriers by being elected as a liberal despite originally hailing from the conservative stronghold of Daegu,[1] and also became the first female member of the National Assembly to have served as a judge—followed by Na Kyung-won in 2004.[2]

1999 Jeju Uprising inquiry

Choo became notable early in her career as an assemblywoman for being one of the first national politicians to draw public attention to the events of the 1948 Jeju Uprising.[3] She participated in a memorial service for the uprising in 1998, and chaired the first public inquiry into the events the next year.[4] During the debate, Choo released a 200-page dossier listing 1,650 people who had been court-martialed for assisting the "communist rebellion" in Jeju. Her release of the papers marked the first time any official government document on the uprising had been released to the general public.[3]

Party leadership contests and 2004 election campaign

Having served in the assembly for seven years, Choo ran for chairman of the Millennium Democratic Party in 2003, coming in second place behind Chough Soon-hyung.[5] She came into conflict with Chough in the succeeding months in the crisis over the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun, with Choo urging Chough to step down over the events.[6] After originally rejecting the role,[7] she was appointed head of the party's election campaign committee less than three weeks before the 2004 parliamentary election.[8] Her fight against regionalism in the party and her management of the party's campaign for the 2004 election during the impeachment crisis earned her the nickname "Choo d'Arc", comparing her to Joan of Arc.[9][10] She lost her seat in the election.[11]

After her re-election to the Assembly in 2008, Choo stood again for the leadership of the United Democratic Party at the party convention on 6 July 2008.[11] She pushed to broaden and deregionalize the party, and enjoyed broad public support,[11] but ultimately placed second behind Chung Sye-kyun.[12]

Foreign affairs

Choo has served as a member of the Assembly's Foreign Affairs and Unification Committee, and in 2003, she was appointed special envoy to the United States on the North Korean nuclear crisis.[13] Choo visited the United Kingdom in November 2010, giving lectures at Chatham House and the University of Cambridge on future policy in the Korean Peninsula.[13][14]

Other Languages
한국어: 추미애
Bahasa Indonesia: Choo Mi-ae
日本語: 秋美愛
中文: 秋美愛