Charles Borromeo

Saint
Charles Borromeo
Cardinal, Archbishop of Milan
Carlo Borromeo.jpg
Carlo Borromeo, by Giovanni Figino. Oil on canvas, 41 × 48 cm. Biblioteca Ambrosiana
Native nameCount Carlo Borromeo di Arona
ArchdioceseMilan
SeeMilan, Italy
Appointed12 May 1564
Term ended3 November 1584
PredecessorGiovanni Angelo de’ Medici
SuccessorGaspare Visconti
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Santa Prassede
Orders
Ordination4 September 1563
by Federico Cesi
Consecration7 December 1563
by Giovanni Serbelloni
Created Cardinal31 January 1560
by Pius IV
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born(1538-10-02)2 October 1538
Castle of Arona, Duchy of Milan
Died3 November 1584(1584-11-03) (aged 46)
Milan
BuriedMilan Cathedral
DenominationRoman Catholic
Parents
  • Gilberto Borromeo, 7th Count of Arona
  • Margherita de' Medici di Marignano
Previous post
Coat of armsCharles Borromeo's coat of arms
Sainthood
Feast day4 November
Venerated inCatholic Church
Beatified12 May 1602
by Clement VIII
Canonized1 November 1610
by Paul V
Attributescord, red cardinal robes
Patronageagainst ulcers; apple orchards; bishops; catechists; catechumens; colic; intestinal disorders; Lombardy, Italy; Monterey California; cardinals; seminarians; spiritual directors; spiritual leaders; starch makers; stomach diseases; São Carlos city in Brazil (as the name indicates)
ShrinesMilan Cathedral
Ordination history of
Charles Borromeo
History
Diaconal ordination
Date of ordination21 December 1560
Priestly ordination
Ordained byFederico Cesi (Sub-Dec. Sacr. Coll.)
Date of ordination4 September 1563
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorGiovanni Antonio Serbelloni
Co-consecratorsTolomeo Gallio (Novara)
Felice Tiranni (Urbino)
Date of consecration7 December 1563
Cardinalate
Elevated byPius IV
Date of elevation31 January 1560
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Charles Borromeo as principal consecrator
Mark Sittich von Hohenems1564
Niccolò Sfondrati (later Gregory XIV)1564
Gabriele Paleotti10 February 1566
Alessandro Maria Sauli B12 March 1570
Galeazzo Moroni1573
Giovanni Francesco Bonomigni1 February 1573
Paolo del Grasso1574
Lodovico Michelio24 June 1584
Ottaviano Paravicini15 July 1584

Charles Borromeo (Italian: Carlo Borromeo, Latin: Carolus Borromeus, 2 October 1538 – 3 November 1584) was Roman Catholic archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584 and a cardinal. He was a leading figure of the Counter-Reformation combat against the Protestant Reformation together with St. Ignatius of Loyola and St. Philip Neri. In that role he was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church, including the founding of seminaries for the education of priests. He is honored as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, with a feast day on November 4.

Early life

Charles was a descendant of nobility: the Borromeo family was one of the most ancient and wealthy in Lombardy, made famous by several notable men, both in the church and state.[1] The family coat of arms included the Borromean rings, which are sometimes taken to symbolize the Holy Trinity. Charles' father Gilbert was Count of Arona. His mother Margaret was a member of the Milan branch of the House of Medici. The third son in a family of six children, he was born in the castle of Arona on Lake Maggiore 36 miles from Milan on 2 October 1538.[2]

Borromeo received the tonsure when he was about twelve years old. At this time his paternal uncle Giulio Cesare Borromeo, turned over to him the income from the rich Benedictine abbey of Sts. Gratinian and Felin, one of the ancient perquisites of the family. Charles made plain to his father that all revenues from the abbey beyond what was required to prepare him for a career in the Church belonged to the poor and could not be applied to secular use. The young man attended the University of Pavia, where he applied himself to the study of civil and canon law. Due to a slight impediment of speech, he was regarded as slow but his thoroughness and industry meant that he made rapid progress.[2] In 1554 his father died, and although he had an elder brother, Count Federico, he was requested by the family to take the management of their domestic affairs. After a time, he resumed his studies, and on 6 December 1559 he earned a doctorate in utroque iure.

Other Languages
беларуская: Карла Барамеа
български: Карло Боромео
brezhoneg: Carlo Borromeo
español: Carlos Borromeo
Esperanto: Karlo Boromeo
Bahasa Indonesia: Carolus Borromeus
italiano: Carlo Borromeo
Kapampangan: Carlos Borromeo
Kiswahili: Karoli Borromeo
latviešu: Karlo Borromeo
Lëtzebuergesch: Carlo Borromeo
Nederlands: Carolus Borromeus
Piemontèis: Carl Boromé
português: Carlos Borromeu
română: Carlo Borromeo
rumantsch: Carlo Borromeo
slovenščina: Karel Boromejski