Charlemagne

  • charlemagne
    charlemagne denier mayence 812 814.jpg
    a denarius of charlemagne dated c. 812–814 with the inscription karolvs imp avg (karolus imperator augustus) (in latin)
    emperor of the romans
    reign25 december 800 – 28 january 814
    coronation25 december 800
    old st. peter's basilica, rome
    successorlouis the pious
    king of the lombards
    reign10 july 774 – 28 january 814
    coronation10 july 774
    pavia
    predecessordesiderius
    successorbernard of italy
    king of the franks
    reign9 october 768 – 28 january 814
    coronation9 october 768
    noyon
    predecessorpepin the short
    successorlouis the pious
    born2 april 742,[1] 747[2] or 748
    frankish kingdom
    died28 january 814 (aged 65, 66 or 71)
    aachen, francia
    burial
    aachen cathedral
    spouse
    • desiderata
      (m. c. 770; annulled 771)
    • hildegard of vinzgouw
      (m. 771; d. 783)
    • fastrada
      (m. c. 783; d. 794)
    • luitgard
      (m. c. 794; d. 800)
    issue
    among others
    • pepin the hunchback
    • charles the younger
    • pepin of italy
    • louis the pious
    dynastycarolingian
    fatherpepin the short
    motherbertrada of laon
    religionroman catholicism
    signum manuscharlemagne's signature

    charlemagne (english: n/; french: [ʃaʁləmaɲ])[3] or charles the great[a] (2 april 748[4][b] – 28 january 814), numbered charles i, was king of the franks from 768, king of the lombards from 774, and emperor of the romans from 800. during the early middle ages, he united the majority of western and central europe. he was the first recognised emperor to rule from western europe since the fall of the western roman empire three centuries earlier.[5] the expanded frankish state that charlemagne founded is called the carolingian empire. he was later canonised by antipope paschal iii.

    charlemagne was the eldest son of pepin the short and bertrada of laon, born before their canonical marriage.[6] he became king in 768 following his father's death, initially as co-ruler with his brother carloman i. carloman's sudden death in december 771 under unexplained circumstances left charlemagne the sole ruler of the frankish kingdom.[7] he continued his father's policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the lombards from power in northern italy and leading an incursion into muslim spain. he campaigned against the saxons to his east, christianising them upon penalty of death and leading to events such as the massacre of verden. he reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned "emperor of the romans" by pope leo iii on christmas day at old st. peter's basilica in rome.

    charlemagne has been called the "father of europe" (pater europae),[8] as he united most of western europe for the first time since the classical era of the roman empire and united parts of europe that had never been under frankish or roman rule. his rule spurred the carolingian renaissance, a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the western church. the eastern orthodox church viewed charlemagne less favourably due to his support of the filioque and the pope's having preferred him as emperor over the byzantine empire's first female pretender irene of athens. these and other disputes led to the eventual later split of rome and constantinople in the great schism of 1054.[9][c]

    charlemagne died in 814 and was laid to rest in aachen cathedral in his imperial capital city of aachen. he married at least four times and had three legitimate sons who lived to adulthood, but only the youngest of them, louis the pious, survived to succeed him.

  • political background
  • rise to power
  • italian campaigns
  • children
  • carolingian expansion to the south
  • eastern campaigns
  • imperium
  • administration
  • personality
  • family
  • name
  • beatification
  • cultural uses
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Charlemagne
Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpg
A denarius of Charlemagne dated c. 812–814 with the inscription KAROLVS IMP AVG (Karolus Imperator Augustus) (in Latin)
Emperor of the Romans
Reign25 December 800 – 28 January 814
Coronation25 December 800
Old St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
SuccessorLouis the Pious
King of the Lombards
Reign10 July 774 – 28 January 814
Coronation10 July 774
Pavia
PredecessorDesiderius
SuccessorBernard of Italy
King of the Franks
Reign9 October 768 – 28 January 814
Coronation9 October 768
Noyon
PredecessorPepin the Short
SuccessorLouis the Pious
Born2 April 742,[1] 747[2] or 748
Frankish Kingdom
Died28 January 814 (aged 65, 66 or 71)
Aachen, Francia
Burial
Spouse
Issue
Among others
DynastyCarolingian
FatherPepin the Short
MotherBertrada of Laon
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Signum manusCharlemagne's signature

Charlemagne (English: n/; French: [ʃaʁləmaɲ])[3] or Charles the Great[a] (2 April 748[4][b] – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Emperor of the Romans from 800. During the Early Middle Ages, he united the majority of western and central Europe. He was the first recognised emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier.[5] The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian Empire. He was later canonised by Antipope Paschal III.

Charlemagne was the eldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, born before their canonical marriage.[6] He became king in 768 following his father's death, initially as co-ruler with his brother Carloman I. Carloman's sudden death in December 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne the sole ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.[7] He continued his father's policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in northern Italy and leading an incursion into Muslim Spain. He campaigned against the Saxons to his east, Christianising them upon penalty of death and leading to events such as the Massacre of Verden. He reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned "Emperor of the Romans" by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.

Charlemagne has been called the "Father of Europe" (Pater Europae),[8] as he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the classical era of the Roman Empire and united parts of Europe that had never been under Frankish or Roman rule. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the Western Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church viewed Charlemagne less favourably due to his support of the filioque and the Pope's having preferred him as Emperor over the Byzantine Empire's first female pretender Irene of Athens. These and other disputes led to the eventual later split of Rome and Constantinople in the Great Schism of 1054.[9][c]

Charlemagne died in 814 and was laid to rest in Aachen Cathedral in his imperial capital city of Aachen. He married at least four times and had three legitimate sons who lived to adulthood, but only the youngest of them, Louis the Pious, survived to succeed him.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Karel die Grote
Alemannisch: Karl der Große
العربية: شارلمان
aragonés: Carlos Magno
asturianu: Carlomagnu
azərbaycanca: Böyük Karl
تۆرکجه: شارلمانی
Bân-lâm-gú: Charlemagne
башҡортса: Бөйөк Карл
беларуская: Карл Вялікі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Карл Вялікі
Bikol Central: Charlemagne
български: Карл Велики
bosanski: Karlo Veliki
brezhoneg: Karl Veur
буряад: Ехэ Карл
català: Carlemany
Чӑвашла: Аслă Карл
Cebuano: Carlomagno
čeština: Karel Veliký
Cymraeg: Siarlymaen
eesti: Karl Suur
Ελληνικά: Καρλομάγνος
español: Carlomagno
Esperanto: Karolo la Granda
estremeñu: Carlus el Grandi
euskara: Karlomagno
فارسی: شارلمانی
Fiji Hindi: Charlemagne
føroyskt: Karlamagnus
français: Charlemagne
furlan: Carli Magn
Gaeilge: Séarlas Mór
Gàidhlig: Teàrlach Mòr
galego: Carlomagno
հայերեն: Կառլոս Մեծ
हिन्दी: शारलेमेन
hrvatski: Karlo Veliki
Ilokano: Karlomagno
Bahasa Indonesia: Karel yang Agung
interlingua: Carolo Magne
íslenska: Karlamagnús
italiano: Carlo Magno
עברית: קרל הגדול
Kabɩyɛ: Charlemagne
ქართული: კარლოს დიდი
қазақша: Ұлы Карл
Kiswahili: Karolo Mkuu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Charlemagne
kriyòl gwiyannen: Charlemagne
kurdî: Charlemagne
Кыргызча: Улуу Карл
latviešu: Kārlis Lielais
Lëtzebuergesch: Karel de Groussen
lietuvių: Karolis Didysis
Ligure: Carlomagno
Limburgs: Karel de Groete
Lingua Franca Nova: Carlo la grande
Livvinkarjala: Karl Suuri
lumbaart: Carlo Magn
македонски: Карло Велики
Malagasy: Charlemagne
മലയാളം: കാറൽമാൻ
मराठी: शार्लमेन
მარგალური: კარლოს დიდი
مصرى: شارلمان
Bahasa Melayu: Charlemagne
Mirandés: Carlos Magno
монгол: Их Карл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရှာလမိန်း
Nāhuatl: Carolus Magnus
Nederlands: Karel de Grote
Nedersaksies: Karel de Grote
नेपाल भाषा: चार्लेम्याग्न
日本語: カール大帝
Nordfriisk: Karl di Grat
norsk nynorsk: Karl den store
Nouormand: Charlemangne
occitan: Carlesmanhe
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Charlemagne
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ਾਰਲਮੇਨ
پنجابی: شارلمین
Patois: Charlemagne
Picard: Carlémangne
Piemontèis: Carl Magn
Plattdüütsch: Karl de Grote
polski: Karol Wielki
português: Carlos Magno
Qaraqalpaqsha: Karolus Magnus
română: Carol cel Mare
rumantsch: Carl il Grond
Runa Simi: Carolus Magnus
русиньскый: Карл I. Великый
русский: Карл Великий
саха тыла: Улуу Карл
संस्कृतम्: शार्लेमन्य
sicilianu: Carlu Magnu
Simple English: Charlemagne
slovenčina: Karol Veľký
slovenščina: Karel Veliki
کوردی: شارلمان
српски / srpski: Карло Велики
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Karlo Veliki
Tagalog: Carlomagno
татарча/tatarça: Бөек Карл
Türkçe: Şarlman
українська: Карл I Великий
vèneto: Carlo Magno
vepsän kel’: Karl Sur'
Tiếng Việt: Charlemagne
Võro: Karl Suur
文言: 查理曼
West-Vlams: Karel den Grôotn
Winaray: Carlomagno
Yorùbá: Charlemagne
žemaitėška: Karuolės Dėdlīsės
中文: 查理曼