Chakma people

Rega, a Chakma woman.jpg
A Chakma woman
Total population
743,110[1][2][3] (2011)
Regions with significant populations
Bangladesh,[4] India[5] and Myanmar
Chakma, Bengali, English
Theravada Buddhism
Portuguese map of Chittagong Hill Tracts. Chacomas on the Eastern bank of the river Karnaphuli and Arracan (present Rakhine State of Myanmar) can be seen on the extreme right

The Chakma people (also called Changma people) are an ethnic group, in the eastern region of the Indian subcontinent, closely related to the Daingnet people who are distributed throughout Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya and West Bengal of modern-day India and in Chittagong Hill Tracts of modern-day Bangladesh. Today, the geographic distribution of Chakmas is spread across Bangladesh and parts of northeastern India, western Burma, and diaspora communities in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, South Korea, Japan and Australia.

The Chakmas are one of the indigenous Jumma peoples of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. They are the largest ethnic group there and make up half of the region's population. The Chakmas are divided into 46 clans or Gozas. They have their own language, customs, and culture, and they practice Theravada Buddhism. The community is headed by the Chakma Raja.


The name Chakma derives from the Sanskrit word Sakthiman, which means beholder of power.[6] This name was given to Chakmas by one of the Burmese kings during the Bagan era. Burmese kings hired Chakmas as ministers, advisers, and translators of Buddhist Pali texts. As employees of the king, the Chakmas wielded power in Burmese court disproportionate to their number. The Burmese people still refer to Chakmas as Sak or Thit, which are shortened and corrupted forms of Sakthiman. At one stage, the accepted name of the tribe was Sakma. Later, it was further altered to Chakma.[7]

Other Languages
বাংলা: চাকমা
català: Chakma
čeština: Čakmové
Deutsch: Chakma
español: Chakma
Esperanto: Ĉakma-oj
français: Chakma
हिन्दी: चकमा लोग
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: চাকমা
Bahasa Indonesia: Suku Chakma
Nederlands: Chakma
नेपाल भाषा: चकमा
polski: Czakma
русский: Чакма
中文: 查克瑪人