Chairman of the State Duma

Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation
Председатель Государственной Думы Российской Федерации
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Володин В.В.jpg
Incumbent
Vyacheslav Volodin

since October 5, 2016
AppointerState Duma
(Elected by)
Term length5 years (without time limitations)
FormationApril 27, 1906
First holderChairman of the State Duma (ru)
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The Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (Russian: Председатель Государственной Думы Федерального собрания Российской Федерации), also called Speaker (спикер), is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Russian parliament. His responsibilities include overseeing the day-to-day business of the State Duma presiding and maintaining order at the regular sessions of the parliament. The Speaker also chairs the Council of the Duma which includes representatives from all the parliamentary parties and determines the legislative agenda.

The Speaker of the Duma may intervene and express his views but is supposed to be unbiased in his activities at the regular sessions of the parliament.

History

Sergey Muromtsev, the first Chairman of the State Duma

The position Chairman of the State Duma was established in 1906, when the State Duma of the Russian Empire was established. The first chairman was Sergey Muromtsev. This position existed for 11 years during which five people held this position. It was abolished together with the State Duma after the Russian Revolution.

It was restored after 76 years, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the constitutional crisis of 1993. The first Chairman of the State Duma after the restoration of the post was Ivan Rybkin.

Since January 1995, the speaker of the State Duma is also a member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

Current Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin was elected October 5, 2016.[1]