Catholic Church

  • emblem of the holy see
    catholic church
    latin: ecclesia catholica
    saint peter's basilica
    st. peter's basilica, vatican city
    classificationcatholic
    scripturebible
    theologycatholic theology
    polityepiscopal[1]
    structurecommunion
    popefrancis
    administrationroman curia
    particular churches
    sui iuris
    latin church, and 23 eastern catholic churches
    dioceses
    • archdioceses: 640
    • dioceses: 2,851
    parishes221,700
    regionworldwide
    languageecclesiastical latin and native languages
    liturgywestern and eastern
    headquartersvatican city
    founderjesus, according to
    sacred tradition
    origin1st century
    holy land, roman empire[2][3]
    members1.329 billion (2018) (baptized)[4]
    clergy
    • bishops: 5,304
    • priests: 415,656
    • deacons: 45,255
    hospitals5,500[5]
    primary schools95,200[6]
    holy see

    the catholic church, sometimes referred to as the roman catholic church, is the largest christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised catholics worldwide as of 2017.[7] as the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution,[8] it has played a prominent role in the history and development of western civilisation.[9] the church is headed by the bishop of rome, known as the pope. its central administration is the holy see.

    the christian beliefs of catholicism are found in the nicene creed. the catholic church teaches that it is the one, holy, catholic and apostolic church founded by jesus christ in his great commission,[10][11][note 1] that its bishops are the successors of christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to saint peter upon whom primacy was conferred by jesus christ.[14] it maintains that it practises the original christian faith, reserving infallibility, passed down by sacred tradition.[15] the latin church, the twenty-three eastern catholic churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.[16][17]

    of its seven sacraments the eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the mass.[18] the church teaches that through consecration by a priest the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of christ. the virgin mary is venerated in the catholic church as mother of god and queen of heaven, honoured in dogmas and devotions.[19] its teaching includes divine mercy, sanctification through faith and evangelisation of the gospel as well as catholic social teaching, which emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. the catholic church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world.[20]

    the catholic church has influenced western philosophy, culture, art, and science. catholics live all over the world through missions, diaspora, and conversions. since the 20th century the majority reside in the southern hemisphere due to secularisation in europe, and increased persecution in the middle east.

    the catholic church shared communion with the eastern orthodox church until the east–west schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the pope. before the council of ephesus in ad 431 the church of the east also shared in this communion, as did the oriental orthodox churches before the council of chalcedon in ad 451, all separating primarily over differences in christology. in the 16th century, the reformation led to protestantism also breaking away.

    from the late 20th century, the catholic church has received criticism from some for its teaching on sexuality, its inability to ordain women, as well as the handling of sexual abuse cases involving clergy.

  • name
  • organisation
  • doctrine
  • sacraments
  • liturgy
  • social and cultural issues
  • history
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Emblem of the Holy See
Catholic Church
Latin: Ecclesia Catholica
Saint Peter's Basilica
ClassificationCatholic
ScriptureBible
TheologyCatholic theology
PolityEpiscopal[1]
StructureCommunion
PopeFrancis
AdministrationRoman Curia
Particular churches
sui iuris
Latin Church, and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches
Dioceses
Parishes221,700
RegionWorldwide
LanguageEcclesiastical Latin and native languages
LiturgyWestern and Eastern
HeadquartersVatican City
FounderJesus, according to
sacred tradition
Origin1st century
Holy Land, Roman Empire[2][3]
Members1.329 billion (2018) (baptized)[4]
Clergy
Hospitals5,500[5]
Primary schools95,200[6]
Holy See

The Catholic Church, sometimes referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017.[7] As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution,[8] it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[9] The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration is the Holy See.

The Christian beliefs of Catholicism are found in the Nicene Creed. The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission,[10][11][note 1] that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.[14] It maintains that it practises the original Christian faith, reserving infallibility, passed down by sacred tradition.[15] The Latin Church, the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.[16][17]

Of its seven sacraments the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass.[18] The church teaches that through consecration by a priest the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Catholic Church as Mother of God and Queen of Heaven, honoured in dogmas and devotions.[19] Its teaching includes Divine Mercy, sanctification through faith and evangelisation of the Gospel as well as Catholic social teaching, which emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world.[20]

The Catholic Church has influenced Western philosophy, culture, art, and science. Catholics live all over the world through missions, diaspora, and conversions. Since the 20th century the majority reside in the southern hemisphere due to secularisation in Europe, and increased persecution in the Middle East.

The Catholic Church shared communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church until the East–West Schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the pope. Before the Council of Ephesus in AD 431 the Church of the East also shared in this communion, as did the Oriental Orthodox churches before the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451, all separating primarily over differences in Christology. In the 16th century, the Reformation led to Protestantism also breaking away.

From the late 20th century, the Catholic Church has received criticism from some for its teaching on sexuality, its inability to ordain women, as well as the handling of sexual abuse cases involving clergy.

Other Languages
Ænglisc: Rēmisc Cirice
aragonés: Ilesia Catolica
asturianu: Ilesia Católica
azərbaycanca: Roma-Katolik kilsəsi
Bân-lâm-gú: Thian-chú-kàu
Basa Banyumasan: Gereja Katolik Roma
башҡортса: Католик сиркәүе
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каталіцкая Царква
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Iglesia romano catolico
Diné bizaad: Ééʼ neishoodii
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ceṡa Catòlica
Esperanto: Katolika Eklezio
estremeñu: Elésia católica
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Katolik firgoz
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thiên-chú-kau
Bahasa Indonesia: Gereja Katolik Roma
interlingua: Ecclesia Catholic
Kiswahili: Kanisa Katoliki
Kreyòl ayisyen: Legliz Katolik
kriyòl gwiyannen: Légliz katolik
Lëtzebuergesch: Kathoulesch Kierch
Lingua Franca Nova: Eglesa Catolica
مازِرونی: کاتولیک کلیسا
Bahasa Melayu: Gereja Katolik
Minangkabau: Gereja Katolik Roma
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lò̤-mā-tiĕng-ciō-gáu
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရိုမန်ကတ်သလစ်
Napulitano: Chiesia cattoleca
norsk nynorsk: Den katolske kyrkja
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Katolik cherkovi
پنجابی: کیتھولک چرچ
Piemontèis: Cesa Catòlica
português: Igreja Católica
Simple English: Catholic Church
српски / srpski: Католичка црква
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Katolička crkva
татарча/tatarça: Katolik çirkäw
українська: Католицька церква
vepsän kel’: Katoline jumalankodikund
West-Vlams: Katholieke kerke
吴语: 天主敎會
粵語: 天主教會
中文: 天主教會