Caribbean Community

Flag of Caribbean Community Dutch: Caribische Gemeenschap French: Communauté caribéenne Spanish: Comunidad del Caribe
Flag
  Full members   Associate members   Observers
  Full members
  Associate members
  Observers
Seat of SecretariatGeorgetown, Guyana
Largest cities
Official languagesEnglish, Dutch, French, Spanish, Haitian Creole, Papiamento
Working languageEnglish
Other languages
TypeSupranational organisation
Member states
Leaders
• Chairman
Timothy Harris
Irwin LaRocque
Establishment
4 July 1973
• Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas
2001
Area
• Total
458,480 km2 (177,020 sq mi)
Population
• 2019 estimate
18,482,141[1]
• Density
34.8/km2 (90.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$145.3 billion[2]
• Per capita
$7,954.82
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$81.987 billion
• Per capita
$4,436
HDI (2018)Increase 0.730[3]
high
Currency

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM or CC) is an organisation of fifteen Caribbean nations and dependencies having primary objectives to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.[4] The organisation was established in 1973. Its major activities involve coordinating economic policies and development planning; devising and instituting special projects for the less-developed countries within its jurisdiction; operating as a regional single market for many of its members (Caricom Single Market); and handling regional trade disputes. The secretariat headquarters is in Georgetown, Guyana. CARICOM is an official United Nations Observer.[5]

CARICOM was established by the English-speaking parts of the Caribbean, and currently includes all the independent anglophone island countries plus Belize, Guyana and Montserrat, as well as all other British Caribbean territories and Bermuda as associate members. English was its sole working language into the 1990s. The organization has become multilingual with the addition of Dutch-speaking Suriname in 1995 and Haitian- and French-speaking Haiti in 2002. Furthermore, it has been suggested that Spanish should also become a working language.[6] In July 2012, CARICOM announced that they were considering making French and Dutch official languages.[7] In 2001, the heads of government signed a revised Treaty of Chaguaramas that cleared the way to transform the idea of a common market CARICOM into a Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy. Part of the revised treaty establishes and implements the Caribbean Court of Justice.

Membership

Currently CARICOM has 15 full members, 5 associate members and 8 observers. All of the associate members are British overseas territories, and it is currently not established what the role of the associate members will be. The observers are states which engage in at least one of CARICOM's technical committees. Although the group has close ties with Cuba, that nation was excluded due to lack of full democratic internal political arrangement. In 2017 Cuba and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) bloc signed the "CARICOM-Cuba Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement"[8] to facilitate closer ties.

CARICOM members[9]
Status Name Join date Notes
Full member  Antigua and Barbuda 4 July 1974
 Bahamas 4 July 1983 Not part of customs union
 Barbados 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
 Belize 1 May 1974
 Dominica 1 May 1974
 Grenada 1 May 1974
 Guyana 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
 Haiti 2 July 2002 Provisional membership on 4 July 1998
 Jamaica 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
 Montserrat 1 May 1974 British overseas territory
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 26 July 1974 Joined as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
 Saint Lucia 1 May 1974
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 May 1974
 Suriname 4 July 1995
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 August 1973 One of the four founding members
Associate  Anguilla July 1999 British overseas territory
 Bermuda 2 July 2003 British overseas territory
 British Virgin Islands July 1991 British overseas territory
 Cayman Islands 16 May 2002 British overseas territory
 Turks and Caicos Islands July 1991 British overseas territory
Observer  Aruba Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 Colombia
 Curaçao Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 Dominican Republic
 Mexico
 Puerto Rico Unincorporated territory of the United States
 Sint Maarten Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 Venezuela
Other Languages
dansk: CARICOM
Esperanto: Karibia Komunumo
Bahasa Indonesia: Komunitas Karibia
íslenska: CARICOM
Kreyòl ayisyen: CARICOM
مازِرونی: کاراییب انجمن
norsk: CARICOM
norsk nynorsk: CARICOM
polski: CARICOM
Simple English: Caribbean Community
suomi: Caricom
Tiếng Việt: Cộng đồng Caribe