Buckinghamshire

Buckinghamshire
County
Flag of Buckinghamshire.svg
Flag
Motto: Vestigia nulla retrorsum ("No turning back/We do not retreat")
Buckinghamshire UK locator map 2010.svg
Buckinghamshire in England
Coordinates: 51°50′N 0°50′W / 51°50′N 0°50′W / 51.833; -0.833
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region South East
Established Ancient
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Henry Aubrey-Fletcher
High Sheriff The Hon Mrs C R Soames (2016-17)
Area 1,874 km2 (724 sq mi)
 • Ranked 32nd of 48
Population (mid-2016 est.) 799,200
 • Ranked 30th of 48
Density 426/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Ethnicity 91.7% White
4.3% S. Asian
1.6% Black
Non-metropolitan county
County council Coat of arms of Buckinghamshire County Council
Buckinghamshire County Council
Executive Conservative
Admin HQ Aylesbury
Area 1,565 km2 (604 sq mi)
 • Ranked 33rd of 27
Population 534,700
 • Ranked 25th of 27
Density 341/km2 (880/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 GB-BKM
ONS code 11
GSS code E10000002
NUTS UKJ13
Website www.buckscc.gov.uk
Buckinghamshire Ceremonial Numbered.png
Districts of Buckinghamshire
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. South Bucks
  2. Chiltern
  3. Wycombe
  4. Aylesbury Vale
  5. Milton Keynes (unitary)
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police Thames Valley Police
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time ( UTC)
 • Summer ( DST) British Summer Time ( UTC+1)

Buckinghamshire ( ər/ or ɪər/), abbreviated Bucks, [1] is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

Buckinghamshire is one of the home counties and towns such as High Wycombe, Amersham, Chesham and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely-populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough in the west near Oxford. Some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham and near Olney in the northeast, are much less populous. The largest town is Milton Keynes in the northeast, which with the surrounding area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire. The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council as a non-metropolitan county, and four district councils. In national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party.

A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers and cyclists from London. In this area older buildings are often made from local flint and red brick. Many parts of the county are quite affluent and like many areas around London this has led to problems with housing costs: several reports have identified the market town of Beaconsfield as having among the highest property prices outside London. [2] [3] Chequers, a mansion estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the Vale of Aylesbury and around the Great Ouse. The Thames forms part of the county’s southwestern boundary. Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake and part of Silverstone race track on the Northamptonshire border. Many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries.

History

Map of Bucks (1904)

The name Buckinghamshire is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means The district (scire) of Bucca's home. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, and is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner. The county has been so named since about the 12th century; however, the county has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia (585–919).

The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons perhaps had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is largely as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later the English Civil War was reputedly started by John Hampden in mid-Bucks. [4]

Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work. Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; however, some pockets of relative deprivation remain. [5]

The expansion of London and coming of the railways promoted the growth of towns in the south of the county such as Aylesbury, Amersham and High Wycombe, leaving the town Buckingham itself to the north in a relative backwater. [6] As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, rather than in Buckingham.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Buckinghamshire
العربية: باكينغهامشير
aragonés: Buckinghamshire
asturianu: Buckinghamshire
Bân-lâm-gú: Buckinghamshire
български: Бъкингамшър
brezhoneg: Buckinghamshire
čeština: Buckinghamshire
español: Buckinghamshire
Esperanto: Buckinghamshire
français: Buckinghamshire
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Buckinghamshire
한국어: 버킹엄셔 주
हिन्दी: बकिंघमशायर
Bahasa Indonesia: Buckinghamshire
interlingua: Buckinghamshire
íslenska: Buckinghamshire
italiano: Buckinghamshire
kernowek: Buckinghamshire
latviešu: Bakingemšīra
Lëtzebuergesch: Buckinghamshire
lietuvių: Bakingamšyras
Mirandés: Buckinghamshire
Nederlands: Buckinghamshire
Nordfriisk: Buckinghamshire
norsk nynorsk: Buckinghamshire
پنجابی: بکنگھمشائر
português: Buckinghamshire
română: Buckinghamshire
русский: Бакингемшир
Simple English: Buckinghamshire
slovenčina: Buckinghamshire
српски / srpski: Бакингемшир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Buckinghamshire
татарча/tatarça: Бакингемшир
Türkçe: Buckinghamshire
українська: Бакінгемшир
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Bukkinxamshir
Tiếng Việt: Buckinghamshire
Volapük: Buckinghamshire
粵語: 白金漢郡
中文: 白金汉郡