British West Indies

The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize (formerly British Honduras), Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Guyana (formerly British Guiana), Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago[1]. Before the decolonization period in the later 1950's and 1960's it included all British colonies in the region, together with two mainland colonies, as part of the British Empire.[2][3][4]

In 1912, the British government divided their territories into different colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands.[3]

Between 1958 and 1962, all of the island territories except the British Virgin Islands and the Bahamas were organised into the West Indies Federation. It was hoped that the Federation would become independent as a single nation, but it had limited powers, many practical problems. Consequently, the West Indies Federation was dissolved in 1962.

The territories, are now independent except for four of the nations which remained British territories, the remaining became separate countries and they all became apart of the Commonwealth of Nations and also established the Caribbean Community, many of the nations have joined various memberships of international bodies, such as the Organization of American States, the Association of Caribbean States, the World Trade Organization, the United Nations, and the Caribbean Development Bank among others.

The remaining British West Indies


The territories that were originally part of the British West Indies are (date of independence, where applicable, in brackets):

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