Britannicus

Britannicus
Britannicus-Louvre.jpg
Born12 February AD 41
Rome
Diedc.11 February AD 55 (aged 13)
Rome
Burial
Full name
Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus;
initially Tiberius Claudius Germanicus
HouseJulio-Claudian Dynasty
FatherClaudius
MotherValeria Messalina
Roman imperial dynasties
Julio-Claudian dynasty
Chronology
Augustus27 BC – AD 14
TiberiusAD 14–37
CaligulaAD 37–41
ClaudiusAD 41–54
NeroAD 54–68
Family
Gens Julia
Gens Claudia
Julio-Claudian family tree
Category:Julio-Claudian dynasty
Succession
Preceded by
Roman Republic
Followed by
Year of the Four Emperors

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus (c. 12 February AD 41 – 11 February AD 55), usually called Britannicus, was the son of Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Valeria Messalina. For a time he was considered his father's heir, but that changed after his mother's downfall in 48, when it was revealed she had a bigamous marriage without Claudius' knowledge. The next year, his father married Agrippina the Younger, Claudius' fourth and final marriage. Their marriage was followed by the adoption of Agrippina's son, Lucius Domitius, whose name became Nero as a result. His step-brother would later be married to his sister Octavia, and soon eclipsed him as Claudius' heir. Following his father's death in October 54, Nero became emperor. The sudden death of Britannicus shortly before his fourteenth birthday is reported by all extant sources as a poisoning on Nero's orders—as Claudius' natural son, he represented a threat to Nero's claim to the throne.

Name

Britannicus' name at birth was Tiberius Claudius Germanicus. The agnomen, his first surname Germanicus, was first awarded to his paternal grandfather Drusus the Elder after his death in 9 BC to commemorate his victories over the Germanic tribes. Accordingly, Drusus' sons (Claudius and Germanicus) inherited the name and passed it to their sons as well. Britannicus was given to his father in AD 43 following his conquest of Britain. Claudius never used it himself and gave the name to his son instead, and his full name became: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus. He came to be known by his new name which seems to have replaced Germanicus altogether.[1][2]

Other Languages
العربية: بريتانيكوس
беларуская: Брытанік
български: Британик
brezhoneg: Britannicus
čeština: Britannicus
Deutsch: Britannicus
Ελληνικά: Βρεταννικός
Esperanto: Britaniko
euskara: Britaniko
français: Britannicus
עברית: בריטניקוס
ქართული: ბრიტანიკუსი
latviešu: Britāniks
polski: Brytanik
русский: Британник
српски / srpski: Британик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Britanik
svenska: Britannicus
Türkçe: Britannicus
українська: Британнік