Brazilian general election, 2018

Brazilian general election, 2018

← 20147 October 2018 (2018-10-07) (first round)
28 October 2018 (2018-10-28) (second round)
2022 →
Opinion polls
Turnout79.67% (first round)
78.7% (second round)[1]
 Jair Bolsonaro pela EC 77 - Médico Militar no SUS (cropped).jpgFernando Haddad Prefeito 2016.jpg
CandidateJair BolsonaroFernando Haddad[a]
PartyPSLPT
AllianceBrazil Above Everything, God Above EveryoneThe People Happy Again
Home stateRio de Janeiro[b]São Paulo
Running mateHamilton MourãoManuela d'Ávila
States carried15 + DF11
Popular vote57,797,84747,040,906
Percentage55.13%44.87%

Brazilian presidential election second round map.png
Map of results for each State and the Federal District.

President before election

Michel Temer
MDB

Elected President

Jair Bolsonaro
PSL

Official 2018 elections logo

General elections were held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the President, Vice President and the National Congress. Elections for state governors and vice governors, state legislative assemblies and the Legislative Chamber of the Federal District were held at the same time.

On 7 October 2018, Rio de Janeiro congressman Jair Bolsonaro came first in the first round of the presidential election. A run-off between him and former São Paulo mayor Fernando Haddad[3] was held on 28 October 2018. At 22:06 GMT, with 88% reporting, Bolsonaro was declared the winner with over 50% of the popular vote.[4]

Background

The 2014 elections saw Workers' Party candidate Dilma Rousseff reelected as President in the second round with 51.6% of the vote, defeating Aécio Neves of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party who received 48.4% of the vote.[5] Rousseff had first been elected in the 2010 elections, succeeding her political mentor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who was in office from 2003 until 2011.[6]

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment proceedings against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies.[7] On 12 May 2016, the Federal Senate temporarily suspended Rousseff's powers and duties for up to six months or until the Senate reached a verdict: to remove her from office if found guilty or to acquit her from the crimes charged.[8] Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, assumed her powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during the suspension.[9][10] On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office.[11][12] Critics of the impeachment saw it as a legislative coup d'état.[13] Vice President Temer succeeded Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil. His government implemented policies that contradicted the platform on which Rousseff's Workers Party had been elected, in one of the most controversial and politically-heated periods of modern Brazilian history.[14]

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