Brazilian general election, 2018

Brazilian general election, 2018

← 20147 October 2018 (2018-10-07) (first round)
28 October 2018 (2018-10-28) (second round, if needed)
2022 →
Opinion polls

 Jair Messias Bolsonaro e Eduardo Bolsonaro (cropped).jpgFernando Haddad Prefeito 2016 (cropped).jpgMarina Silva em março de 2018 (2) (cropped).jpg
CandidateJair BolsonaroFernando Haddad[a]Marina Silva
PartyPSLPTREDE
AllianceBrazil Above Everything, God Above EveryoneThe People Happy AgainUnited to Transform Brazil
Home stateRio de Janeiro[b]São PauloAcre
Running mateAntônio Hamilton MourãoManuela d'ÁvilaEduardo Jorge

 Ciro Gomes na homologação de sua terceira candidatura à Presidência da República.jpgGeraldo Alckmin em agosto de 2017 (cropped).jpgFoto oficial de Álvaro Dias (cropped) (cropped).jpg
CandidateCiro GomesGeraldo AlckminÁlvaro Dias
PartyPDTPSDBPODE
AllianceSovereign BrazilTo unite BrazilReal Change
Home stateCeará[c]São PauloParaná
Running mateKátia AbreuAna Amélia LemosPaulo Rabello de Castro

 João Amoêdo (cropped).jpgHenrique Meirelles recebe o ministro das Finanças do Reino Unido - 35459912404 (cropped).jpgGuilherme Boulos em São Paulo (cropped).jpg
CandidateJoão AmoêdoHenrique MeirellesGuilherme Boulos
PartyNOVOMDBPSOL
AllianceNoneThis is the SolutionLet's Go Without Fear of Changing Brazil
Home stateRio de JaneiroGoiásSão Paulo
Running mateChristian LohbauerGermano RigottoSônia Guajajara

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Incumbent President

Michel Temer
MDB



General elections are scheduled to be held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the President and Vice President, the National Congress, state and Federal District Governors and Vice Governors, state Legislative Assemblies and Federal District Legislative Chamber.

The 2014 elections saw Workers' Party candidate Dilma Rousseff reelected as President in the second round with 51.6% of the vote, defeating Aécio Neves of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party who received 48.4% of the vote.[2] Rousseff had first been elected in the 2010 elections, succeeding her political mentor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who was in office from 2003 until 2011.

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment proceedings against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies.[3] On 12 May 2016, the Federal Senate temporarily suspended Rousseff's powers and duties for up to six months or until the Senate reached a verdict: to remove her from office if found guilty or to acquit her from the crimes charged.[4] Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, assumed her powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during the suspension.[5][6] On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office.[7][8] Many considered this a Legislative Coup D' état, since the budgetary adjustments happened in her first term, and not after her re-election. Vice President Temer succeeded Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil. His government implemented policies that contradicted the platform on which Rousseff's Workers Party had been elected, in one of the most controversial and political heated periods of modern Brazilian history.

Electoral system

Presidential elections

The President and the Vice President of Brazil are elected using the two-round system. Citizens may field their candidacies for the presidency, and participate in the general elections, which are held on the first Sunday in October (in this instance, 7 October 2018).[9] If the most-voted candidate takes more than 50% of the overall vote, he or she is declared elected. If the 50% threshold is not met by any candidate, a second round of voting is held on the last Sunday in October (in this instance, 28 October 2018). In the second round, only the two most-voted candidates from the first round may participate. The winner of the second round is elected President of Brazil. The President selects his/her Vice President.

Congressional elections

Federal Senate elections

Two-thirds of the 81 members of the Federal Senate will be elected, the other third having been elected in 2014. Two candidates will be elected from each of the states using majority block voting, with voters able to cast two votes each.[10]

Chamber of Deputies elections

All 513 members of the Chamber of Deputies will be elected, with candidates elected from 27 multi-member constituencies based on the states, varying in size from seven to 70 seats. The Chamber elections are held using open list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the simple quotient.[11] Voting is mandatory and abstainers can be fined.[10]

Gubernatorial elections

The State and Federal District Governors and Vice Governors as elected using the same Brazilian presidential election system, the two-round system. Citizens may field their candidacies for the state or district government, and participate in the regional elections, which are held on the first Sunday in October (in this instance, 7 October 2018). If the most-voted candidate takes more than 50% of the overall vote, he or she is declared elected. If the 50% threshold is not met by any candidate, a second round of voting is held on the last Sunday in October (in this instance, 28 October 2018). In the second round, only the two most-voted candidates from the first round may participate. The winners of the second round are elected Governor and Vice Governor.

Legislative Assemblies elections

The State Legislative Assemblies and the Federal District Legislative Chamber elections are held using open list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the simple quotient.

Number of members of each State Legislative Assembly, Federal District Legislative Chamber and the Chamber of Deputies of each States.

Composition of State Legislatures
Federative Unit State and District Deputies Federal Deputies
Acre 24 8
Alagoas 27 8
Amapá 24 8
Amazonas 24 9
Bahia 63 39
Ceará 46 24
Federal District 24 8
Espirito Santo 30 9
Goiás 41 17
Maranhão 42 18
Mato Grosso 24 8
Mato Grosso do Sul 24 8
Minas Gerais 78 55
Pará 41 21
Paraíba 36 12
Paraná 54 29
Pernambuco 49 24
Piauí 30 8
Rio de Janeiro 71 45
Rio Grande do Norte 24 8
Rio Grande do Sul 55 30
Rondônia 24 8
Roraima 24 8
Santa Catarina 40 17
Sergipe 24 8
São Paulo 94 70
Tocantins 25 8