Bouches-du-Rhône

Bouches-du-Rhône
Department of France
Hafen von Marseille-Saint Laurent.jpg
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French riviera2.jpg
Arles - 2017-05-24 - Roman Amphitheatre - 3804.jpg
From top down, left to right: Marseille, the department's prefecture, Les Baux-de-Provence, one of the most beautiful villages in France, Cassis on the Mediterranean coast and Arles Amphitheatre
Flag of Bouches-du-Rhône
Flag
Coat of arms of Bouches-du-Rhône
Coat of arms
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in France
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in France
Coordinates: 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43.500; 5.083
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
PrefectureMarseille
SubprefecturesAix-en-Provence
Arles
Istres
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilMartine Vassal (LR)
Area1
 • Total5,087 km2 (1,964 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total1,993,177
 • Rank3rd
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number13
Arrondissements4
Cantons29
Communes119
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Bouches-du-Rhône (French pronunciation: ​[buʃ.dy.ʁon]; Occitan: Bocas de Ròse, literally "Mouths of the Rhône") is a department in Southern France named after the mouth of the river Rhône. It is the most populous department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region with 1,993,177 inhabitants in 2013; it has an area of 5,087 km2 (1,964 sq mi). Its INSEE and postal code is 13. Marseille is Bouches-du-Rhône's largest city and prefecture.

History

History of the department

Bouches-du-Rhône is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from the western part of the former province of Provence and the principalities of Orange, Martigues and Lambesc. It lost part of its territory in 1793, including Orange and Apt, when the Vaucluse department was created.

Following its creation, the department was immediately strongly and actively supportive of the French Revolution, containing 90 "Jacobin Clubs" by 1794.[1] It was also noteworthy that more than 50% of the priests in the department accepted the Civil Constitution of the Clergy which in effect subordinated the church to the government.[2]

During the ascendancy of the Communist Party in the twentieth century election results indicated that support for left-wing politics remained relatively strong in the department, and especially in the northern suburbs of Marseille.

History of the area

The history of the area is closely linked to that of Provence. Marseille has been an important harbour since before Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul. The Roman presence left numerous monuments across the department. Notable people born in the area include Romantic painter Camille Roqueplan and his brother, journalist and theatre director Nestor Roqueplan.

Other Languages
العربية: بوش دو رون
aragonés: Bocas d'o Roine
azərbaycanca: Buş-dü-Ron
Bân-lâm-gú: Bouches-du-Rhône
беларуская: Буш-дзю-Рон
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Буш-дзю-Рон
български: Буш дю Рон
Чӑвашла: Буш-дю-Рон
davvisámegiella: Bouches-du-Rhône
فارسی: بوش-دو-رون
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bouches-du-Rhône-sén
한국어: 부슈뒤론주
հայերեն: Բուշ դյու Ռոն
Bahasa Indonesia: Bouches-du-Rhône
עברית: שפך הרון
Kapampangan: Bouches-du-Rhône
ქართული: ბუშ-დიუ-რონი
қазақша: Буш-дю-Рон
latviešu: Bušdirona
lietuvių: Ronos delta
Bahasa Melayu: Bouches-du-Rhône
Nederlands: Bouches-du-Rhône
norsk nynorsk: Bouches-du-Rhône
Plattdüütsch: Bouches-du-Rhône
polski: Delta Rodanu
português: Bocas do Ródano
русский: Буш-дю-Рон
Simple English: Bouches-du-Rhône
slovenčina: Bouches-du-Rhône
slovenščina: Bouches-du-Rhône
српски / srpski: Ушће Роне
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bouches-du-Rhône
українська: Буш-дю-Рон
Tiếng Việt: Bouches-du-Rhône
粵語: 隆河河口