Botswana

Republic of Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana  (Tswana)
Motto: "Pula!" (Tswana)
"Rain"
Anthem: Fatshe leno la rona  (Tswana)
This Land of Ours
Location of  Botswana  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Botswana  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Gaborone
24°39.5′S 25°54.5′E / 24°39.5′S 25°54.5′E / -24.6583; 25.9083
Official languagesEnglish, Setswana
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Mokgweetsi Masisi [1]
Slumber Tsogwane
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Established (Constitution)
30 September 1966
Area
• Total
581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi) (47th)
• Water (%)
2.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
2,250,260[2] (145th)
• 2011 census
1,914,228[3]
• Density
3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi) (231st)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$41.6 billion[4]
• Per capita
$18,863[4]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$16.636 billion[4]
• Per capita
$7,543[4]
Gini (2009)Positive decrease 62.5[5]
very high
HDI (2015)Steady 0.698[6]
medium · 108th
CurrencyBotswana pula (BWP)
Time zoneCentral Africa Time (UTC+2)
Date formatDD/MM/YYYY
Drives on theleft
Calling code+267
ISO 3166 codeBW
Internet TLD.bw
Website
www.gov.bw

Botswana (ə/), officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966.[7] Since then, it has maintained a strong tradition of stable representative democracy, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the best perceived corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998.[8]

Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but is, at most, a few hundred metres long.[9]

A mid-sized country of just over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. Formerly one of the poorest countries in the world—with a GDP per capita of about US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana has since transformed itself into one of the world's fastest-growing economies. The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism. Botswana boasts a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $18,825 per year as of 2015, which is one of the highest in Africa.[10] Its high gross national income (by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa) gives the country a relatively high standard of living and the highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan Africa.[11]

Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations. The country has been among the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes to make treatments available to those infected, and to educate the populace in general about how to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS, the number of people with AIDS rose from 290,000 in 2005 to 320,000 in 2013.[12]:A20 As of 2014, Botswana has the third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, with roughly 20% of the adult population being infected.[13]

Etymology

The country's name means "land of the Tswana", referring to the dominant ethnic group in Botswana.[14] The term Batswana was originally applied to the Tswana, which is still the case.[15] However, it has also come to be used generally as a demonym for all citizens of Botswana.[16] Many English dictionaries also recommend the term Botswanan to refer to people of Botswana.[17]

Other Languages
Acèh: Botswana
Afrikaans: Botswana
Akan: Botswana
Alemannisch: Botsuana
አማርኛ: ቦትስዋና
Ænglisc: Botswana
العربية: بوتسوانا
aragonés: Botswana
armãneashti: Botswana
arpetan: Botsouana
asturianu: Botsuana
Avañe'ẽ: Votusuana
azərbaycanca: Botsvana
تۆرکجه: بوتسوانا
bamanankan: Botswana
Bahasa Banjar: Botswana
Bân-lâm-gú: Botswana
башҡортса: Ботсвана
беларуская: Батсвана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Батсвана
भोजपुरी: बोत्सवाना
Bikol Central: Botswana
български: Ботсвана
བོད་ཡིག: བྷོ་ཙི་ཝ་ན།
bosanski: Bocvana
brezhoneg: Botswana
буряад: Ботсвана
català: Botswana
Чӑвашла: Ботсвана
Cebuano: Botswana
čeština: Botswana
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Botswana
chiShona: Botswana
Cymraeg: Botswana
dansk: Botswana
davvisámegiella: Botswana
Deitsch: Botswana
Deutsch: Botswana
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބޮޓުސްވާނާ
dolnoserbski: Botsuana
eesti: Botswana
Ελληνικά: Μποτσουάνα
español: Botsuana
Esperanto: Bocvano
estremeñu: Botsuana
euskara: Botswana
eʋegbe: Botswana
فارسی: بوتسوانا
Fiji Hindi: Botswana
føroyskt: Botsvana
français: Botswana
Frysk: Botswana
Fulfulde: Botswana
Gaeilge: An Bhotsuáin
Gagauz: Botsvana
Gàidhlig: Botsuana
galego: Botswana
Gĩkũyũ: Botswana
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Botswana
한국어: 보츠와나
Hausa: Botswana
Հայերեն: Բոտսվանա
हिन्दी: बोत्सवाना
hornjoserbsce: Botswana
hrvatski: Bocvana
Igbo: Botswana
Ilokano: Botswana
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বোৎসোয়ানা
Bahasa Indonesia: Botswana
interlingua: Botswana
Interlingue: Botswana
isiZulu: IButswana
íslenska: Botsvana
italiano: Botswana
עברית: בוטסואנה
Basa Jawa: Botswana
Kapampangan: Botswana
ქართული: ბოტსვანა
қазақша: Ботсвана
kernowek: Botswana
Kinyarwanda: Botswana
Kiswahili: Botswana
Kongo: Botswana
Kreyòl ayisyen: Botswana
kurdî: Botswana
Кыргызча: Ботсвана
лезги: Ботсвана
لۊری شومالی: بۊتسڤانا
latgaļu: Botsvana
Latina: Botsuana
latviešu: Botsvana
Lëtzebuergesch: Botswana
lietuvių: Botsvana
Ligure: Botswana
Limburgs: Botswana
lingála: Botswana
Livvinkarjala: Botsvana
la .lojban.: botsuanas
Luganda: Botswana
lumbaart: Botswana
magyar: Botswana
македонски: Боцвана
Malagasy: Botsoana
മലയാളം: ബോട്സ്വാന
Malti: Botswana
მარგალური: ბოტსვანა
مازِرونی: بوتسوانا
Bahasa Melayu: Botswana
Baso Minangkabau: Botswana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Botswana
монгол: Ботсвана
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘော့ဆွာနာနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Botwana
Nederlands: Botswana
नेपाली: बोत्स्वाना
नेपाल भाषा: बोत्स्वाना
日本語: ボツワナ
нохчийн: Ботсвана
Nordfriisk: Botsuana
Norfuk / Pitkern: Botswana
norsk: Botswana
norsk nynorsk: Botswana
Novial: Botswana
occitan: Botswana
Oromoo: Bootiswaanaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Botsvana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੋਤਸਵਾਨਾ
پنجابی: بوٹسوانا
Papiamentu: Botswana
Patois: Botswaana
Piemontèis: Botswana
Plattdüütsch: Botswana
polski: Botswana
português: Botswana
Qaraqalpaqsha: Botsvana
qırımtatarca: Botsvana
Ripoarisch: Botswana
română: Botswana
rumantsch: Botswana
Runa Simi: Butswana
русиньскый: Ботсвана
русский: Ботсвана
саха тыла: Ботсвана
संस्कृतम्: बोत्सवाना
Sängö: Botswana
sardu: Botzuana
Scots: Botswana
Seeltersk: Botsuana
Sesotho: Botswana
Sesotho sa Leboa: Botswana
Setswana: Botswana
shqip: Bocuana
sicilianu: Botsuana
Simple English: Botswana
SiSwati: ÉButjwána
slovenčina: Botswana
slovenščina: Bocvana
ślůnski: Botswana
Soomaaliga: Botswana
کوردی: بۆتسوانا
српски / srpski: Боцвана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bocvana
Basa Sunda: Botswana
suomi: Botswana
svenska: Botswana
Tagalog: Botswana
Taqbaylit: Butswana
татарча/tatarça: Ботсвана
తెలుగు: బోత్సువానా
ትግርኛ: ቦትስዋና
тоҷикӣ: Ботсвана
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏆᏣᏩᎾ
Tshivenda: Vhu-Tswana
Türkçe: Botsvana
Türkmençe: Botswana
удмурт: Ботсвана
українська: Ботсвана
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بوتسۋانا
vèneto: Botswana
vepsän kel’: Botsvan
Tiếng Việt: Botswana
Volapük: Zvanän
Võro: Botswana
walon: Boswana
文言: 波札那
Winaray: Botswana
Wolof: Botswana
吴语: 博茨瓦纳
Xitsonga: Botswana
ייִדיש: באצוואנע
Yorùbá: Bòtswánà
粵語: 波茨華拿
Zazaki: Botswana
Zeêuws: Botswana
žemaitėška: Botsvana
中文: 波札那
डोटेली: बोत्सवाना
Kabɩyɛ: Pɔcɩwaanaa
Lingua Franca Nova: Botsuana