Boston

  • boston, massachusetts
    city
    city of boston
    financial district
    fenway park
    massachusetts state house
    back bay and the charles river
    clockwise from top: downtown; massachusetts state house; back bay and the charles river; fenway park
    flag of boston, massachusetts
    flag
    official seal of boston, massachusetts
    seal
    nickname(s): 
    see nicknames of boston
    motto(s): 
    sicut patribus sit deus nobis (
    interactive map outlining boston
    boston is located in massachusetts
    boston
    boston
    location within massachusetts
    boston is located in the united states
    boston
    boston
    location within the united states
    boston is located in north america
    boston
    boston
    location within north america
    coordinates: 42°21′29″n 71°03′49″w / 42°21′29″n 71°03′49″w / 42.35806; -71.06361massachusetts
    countysuffolk
    regionnew england
    historic countrieskingdom of england
    commonwealth of england
    kingdom of great britain
    historic coloniesmassachusetts bay colony in the province of massachusetts bay
    settled (town)
    september 7, 1630
    (date of naming, old style)[a]
    incorporated (city)march 19, 1822
    named forboston, lincolnshire
    government
     • typestrong mayor / council
     • mayormarty walsh (d)
     • councilboston city council
    area
     • city89.63 sq mi (232.14 km2)
     • land48.42 sq mi (125.41 km2)
     • water41.21 sq mi (106.73 km2)
     • urban
    1,770 sq mi (4,600 km2)
     • metro
    4,500 sq mi (11,700 km2)
     • csa10,600 sq mi (27,600 km2)
    elevation
    141 ft (43 m)
    population
     (2018)[2][3][4][5][6]
     • city694,583
     • density14,344/sq mi (5,538/km2)
     • urban
    4,180,000 (us: 10th)
     • metro
    4,628,910 (us: 10th)[1]
     • csa
    8,041,303 (us: 6th)
     • demonym
    bostonian
    time zoneutc−5 (est)
     • summer (dst)utc−4 (edt)
    zip codes
    area codes617 and 857
    fips code25-07000
    gnis feature id0617565
    primary airportlogan international airport
    interstatesi-90.svg i-93.svg
    commuter railmbta commuter rail
    rapid transitboston.gov

    boston (uk: n/, us: n/)[8] is the capital and most populous city[9] of the commonwealth of massachusetts in the united states, and the 21st most populous city in the united states. the city proper covers 49 square miles (127 km2) with an estimated population of 694,583 in 2018,[3] also making it the most populous city in new england.[2] boston is the seat of suffolk county as well, although the county government was disbanded on july 1, 1999.[10] the city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as greater boston, a metropolitan statistical area (msa) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country.[11] as a combined statistical area (csa), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth most populous in the united states.[12]

    boston is one of the oldest municipalities in the united states, founded on the shawmut peninsula in 1630 by puritan settlers from the english town of the same name.[13][14] it was the scene of several key events of the american revolution, such as the boston massacre, the boston tea party, the battle of bunker hill, and the siege of boston. upon gaining u.s. independence from great britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture.[15][16] the city has expanded beyond the original peninsula through land reclamation and municipal annexation. its rich history attracts many tourists, with faneuil hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year.[17] boston's many firsts include the united states' first public park (boston common, 1634), first public or state school (boston latin school, 1635)[18] and first subway system (tremont street subway, 1897).[19]

    today, boston is a thriving center of scientific research as well as port of entry for commerce and international immigration.[20] the boston area's many colleges and universities make it a world leader in higher education,[21] including law, medicine, engineering, and business, and the city is considered to be a global pioneer in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 5,000 startups.[22][23][24] boston's economic base also includes finance,[25] professional and business services, biotechnology, information technology, and government activities.[26] households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the united states;[27] businesses and institutions rank among the top in the country for environmental sustainability and investment.[28] the city has one of the highest costs of living in the united states[29][30] as it has undergone gentrification,[31] though it remains high on world livability rankings.[32]

  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • economy
  • education
  • public safety
  • culture
  • environment
  • sports
  • parks and recreation
  • government and politics
  • media
  • healthcare
  • infrastructure
  • twin towns and sister cities
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Boston, Massachusetts
City of Boston
Financial District
Fenway Park
Massachusetts State House
Back Bay and the Charles River
Official seal of Boston, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Sicut patribus sit Deus nobis (
Interactive map outlining Boston
Boston is located in Massachusetts
Boston
Boston
Location within Massachusetts
Boston is located in the United States
Boston
Boston
Location within the United States
Boston is located in North America
Boston
Boston
Location within North America
Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806; -71.06361Massachusetts
CountySuffolk
RegionNew England
Historic countriesKingdom of England
Commonwealth of England
Kingdom of Great Britain
Historic coloniesMassachusetts Bay Colony in the Province of Massachusetts Bay
Settled (town)
September 7, 1630
(date of naming, Old Style)[a]
Incorporated (city)March 19, 1822
Named forBoston, Lincolnshire
Government
 • TypeStrong mayor / Council
 • MayorMarty Walsh (D)
 • CouncilBoston City Council
Area
 • City89.63 sq mi (232.14 km2)
 • Land48.42 sq mi (125.41 km2)
 • Water41.21 sq mi (106.73 km2)
 • Urban
1,770 sq mi (4,600 km2)
 • Metro
4,500 sq mi (11,700 km2)
 • CSA10,600 sq mi (27,600 km2)
Elevation
141 ft (43 m)
Population
 • City694,583
 • Density14,344/sq mi (5,538/km2)
 • Urban
4,180,000 (US: 10th)
 • Metro
4,628,910 (US: 10th)[1]
 • CSA
8,041,303 (US: 6th)
 • Demonym
Bostonian
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
Area codes617 and 857
FIPS code25-07000
GNIS feature ID0617565
Primary AirportLogan International Airport
InterstatesI-90.svg I-93.svg
Commuter RailMBTA Commuter Rail
Rapid TransitBoston.gov

Boston (UK: n/, US: n/)[8] is the capital and most populous city[9] of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States, and the 21st most populous city in the United States. The city proper covers 49 square miles (127 km2) with an estimated population of 694,583 in 2018,[3] also making it the most populous city in New England.[2] Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999.[10] The city is the economic and cultural anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country.[11] As a combined statistical area (CSA), this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth most populous in the United States.[12]

Boston is one of the oldest municipalities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from the English town of the same name.[13][14] It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. Upon gaining U.S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture.[15][16] The city has expanded beyond the original peninsula through land reclamation and municipal annexation. Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year.[17] Boston's many firsts include the United States' first public park (Boston Common, 1634), first public or state school (Boston Latin School, 1635)[18] and first subway system (Tremont Street Subway, 1897).[19]

Today, Boston is a thriving center of scientific research as well as port of entry for commerce and international immigration.[20] The Boston area's many colleges and universities make it a world leader in higher education,[21] including law, medicine, engineering, and business, and the city is considered to be a global pioneer in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 5,000 startups.[22][23][24] Boston's economic base also includes finance,[25] professional and business services, biotechnology, information technology, and government activities.[26] Households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the United States;[27] businesses and institutions rank among the top in the country for environmental sustainability and investment.[28] The city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States[29][30] as it has undergone gentrification,[31] though it remains high on world livability rankings.[32]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Boston
አማርኛ: ቦስቶን
العربية: بوسطن
aragonés: Boston
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܘܣܛܘܢ
asturianu: Boston
Aymar aru: Boston
azərbaycanca: Boston
تۆرکجه: بوستون
bamanankan: Boston
বাংলা: বস্টন
Bân-lâm-gú: Boston
башҡортса: Бостон
беларуская: Бостан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бостан
български: Бостън
བོད་ཡིག: བོ་སེ་ཊོན།
bosanski: Boston
brezhoneg: Boston
català: Boston
čeština: Boston
Chamoru: Boston
corsu: Boston
Cymraeg: Boston
dansk: Boston
Deutsch: Boston
dolnoserbski: Boston
डोटेली: बोस्टन
eesti: Boston
Ελληνικά: Βοστώνη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Boston
español: Boston
Esperanto: Bostono
euskara: Boston
فارسی: بوستون
føroyskt: Boston
français: Boston
Frysk: Boston
Gaelg: Boston
galego: Boston
贛語: 波士頓
Gĩkũyũ: Boston
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌿𐌽
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Boston
한국어: 보스턴
Hausa: Boston
Hawaiʻi: Pokekona
հայերեն: Բոստոն
हिन्दी: बोस्टन
hornjoserbsce: Boston
Ido: Boston
Ilokano: Boston
Bahasa Indonesia: Boston
Interlingue: Boston
Ирон: Бостон
íslenska: Boston
italiano: Boston
עברית: בוסטון
Jawa: Boston
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಾಸ್ಟನ್
ქართული: ბოსტონი
қазақша: Бостон
kernowek: Boston
Kreyòl ayisyen: Boston, Massachusetts
кырык мары: Бостон
Ladino: Boston
Latina: Bostonia
latviešu: Bostona
Lëtzebuergesch: Boston
lietuvių: Bostonas
Ligure: Boston
lingála: Boston
Lingua Franca Nova: Boston
lumbaart: Boston
македонски: Бостон
Māori: Boston
मराठी: बॉस्टन
მარგალური: ბოსტონი
مصرى: بوسطون
Bahasa Melayu: Boston
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Boston
Mirandés: Boston
монгол: Бостон
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘော့စတွန်မြို့
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Boston
Nederlands: Boston
नेपाल भाषा: बस्तन
日本語: ボストン
нохчийн: Бостон
Nordfriisk: Boston
norsk: Boston
norsk nynorsk: Boston
occitan: Boston
олык марий: Бостон
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Boston
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੌਸਟਨ
पालि: बोस्टन
پنجابی: بوسٹن
Piemontèis: Boston
polski: Boston
Ποντιακά: Βοστώνη
português: Boston
română: Boston
romani čhib: Boston
русский: Бостон
саха тыла: Бостон
संस्कृतम्: बास्टन्
sardu: Boston
Scots: Boston
shqip: Boston
sicilianu: Boston
Simple English: Boston
slovenščina: Boston, Massachusetts
ślůnski: Boston
Soomaaliga: Boston
کوردی: بۆستن
српски / srpski: Бостон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Boston
suomi: Boston
svenska: Boston
தமிழ்: பாஸ்டன்
Taqbaylit: Boston
татарча/tatarça: Boston
తెలుగు: బోస్టన్
Türkçe: Boston
Twi: Boston
українська: Бостон
اردو: بوسٹن
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Boston
vèneto: Boston
vepsän kel’: Boston
Tiếng Việt: Boston
Volapük: Boston
Winaray: Boston
Wolof: Boston
吴语: 波士顿
ייִדיש: באסטאן
Yorùbá: Boston
粵語: 波士頓
Zazaki: Boston
žemaitėška: Bostons
中文: 波士顿