Book of Jeremiah

The Book of Jeremiah (Hebrew: ספר יִרְמְיָהוּ‎; abbreviated Jer. or Jerm. in citations) is the second of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible, and the second of the Prophets in the Christian Old Testament.[1] The superscription at chapter 1:1–3 identifies it as "the words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah," and places the prophet historically from the reforms of king Josiah in 627 BC through to the assassination of the Babylonian-appointed governor of Judah in 582.[1] Of all the prophets, Jeremiah comes through most clearly as a person, ruminating to his scribe Baruch about his role as a servant of God with little good news for his audience.[2]

Jeremiah is written in a very complex and poetic Hebrew (apart from verse 10:11, curiously written in Biblical Aramaic). It has come down in two distinct though related versions, one in Hebrew, the other known from a Greek translation.[3] Scholars have had differing opinions as to how to reconstruct the historical aspects of the Book of Jeremiah due to the differences each version contains when compared with each other.[4] The book is a representation of the message and significance of the prophet substantially intended for the Jews in Babylonian exile: its purpose is to explain the disaster as God's response to Israel's pagan worship:[5] the people, says Jeremiah, are like an unfaithful wife and rebellious children: their infidelity and rebelliousness make judgement inevitable, although restoration and a new covenant are foreshadowed.[6]

Structure

(Taken from Michael D. Coogan's A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament; other sources will give slightly different divisions)

It is difficult to discern any structure in Jeremiah, probably because the book had such a long and complex composition history.[2] It can be divided into roughly 6 sections:[7]

  • Chapters 1–25 (The earliest and main core of Jeremiah's message)
  • Chapters 26–29 (Biographic material and interaction with other prophets)
  • Chapters 30–33 (God's promise of restoration including Jeremiah's "new covenant" which is interpreted differently in Judaism than it is in Christianity)
  • Chapters 34–45 (Mostly interaction with Zedekiah and the fall of Jerusalem)
  • Chapters 46–51 (Divine punishment to the nations surrounding Israel)
  • Chapter 52 (Appendix that retells 2 Kings 24.18–25.30)
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Jeremia
العربية: سفر إرميا
azərbaycanca: Yeremiyanın kitabı
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кніга прарока Ераміі
Boarisch: Jeremia (Buach)
brezhoneg: Levr Yirmia
čeština: Kniha Jeremjáš
Deutsch: Jeremia
Esperanto: Libro de Jeremia
føroyskt: Jeremiabók
Gàidhlig: Ieremiah
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: जेरेमायास आचें पुस्तक
한국어: 예레미야서
Bahasa Indonesia: Kitab Yeremia
isiZulu: Jeremiya
Basa Jawa: Kitab Yérémia
lietuvių: Jeremijo knyga
Lingua Franca Nova: Jeremia
Malagasy: Bokin'i Jeremia
Bahasa Melayu: Yeremia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ià-lé-mī-cṳ̆
Nederlands: Jeremia (boek)
日本語: エレミヤ書
norsk nynorsk: Jeremias bok
português: Livro de Jeremias
română: Ieremia (carte)
Simple English: Book of Jeremiah
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jeremija (knjiga)
Türkçe: Yeremya kitabı
vepsän kel’: Jeremian kirj
ייִדיש: ספר ירמיה
粵語: 耶利米書
中文: 耶利米書