Bollywood

Hindi cinema
(Bollywood)
India film clapperboard (variant).svg
Main distributorsEros International
Reliance Big Pictures
UTV Motion Pictures
Yash Raj Films[1][2]
Produced feature films (2017)[3]
Total364
Gross box office
Total15,500 crore (US$2.2 billion) (2016)[4]
National filmsIndia: 3,500 crore (US$565 million) (2014)[5]

Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India. The term being a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood", Bollywood is a part of the larger cinema of India (also known as Indywood),[6] which includes other production centers producing films in other Indian languages.[7][8] Linguistically, Bollywood films tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu, or Hindustani, mutually intelligible to both Hindi and Urdu speakers,[9][10][11] while modern Bollywood films also increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.[9]

Indian cinema is the world's largest film industry in terms of film production, with an annual output of 1,986 feature films as of 2017.[3] Bollywood represents 43% of Indian net box office revenue, while Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36%, and the rest of the regional cinema constitute 21%, as of 2014.[5] Bollywood is thus one of the largest centers of film production in the world.[12][13][14] According to certain news outlets, in terms of ticket sales in 2001, Indian cinema sold an estimated 3.6 billion tickets annually across the globe, compared to Hollywood's 2.6 billion tickets sold.[15][16][17]

Etymology

The name "Bollywood" is a portmanteau derived from Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood (in California), the center of the American film industry.[18] The naming scheme for "Bollywood" was inspired by "Tollywood", the name that was used to refer to the cinema of West Bengal. Dating back to 1932, "Tollywood" was the earliest Hollywood-inspired name, referring to the Bengali film industry based in Tollygunge (in Calcutta, West Bengal), whose name is reminiscent of "Hollywood" and was the centre of the cinema of India at the time.[19] It was this "chance juxtaposition of two pairs of rhyming syllables," Holly and Tolly, that led to the portmanteau name "Tollywood" being coined. The name "Tollywood" went on to be used as a nickname for the Bengali film industry by the popular Calcutta-based Junior Statesman youth magazine, establishing a precedent for other film industries to use similar-sounding names, eventually leading to the coining of "Bollywood".[20] "Tollywood" is now also popularly used to refer to the Telugu film industry in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

The term "Bollywood" itself has origins in the 1970s, when India overtook the United States as the world's largest film producer. Credit for the term has been claimed by several different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna,[21] and the journalist Bevinda Collaco.[22] Bollywood does not exist as a physical place. Some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to Hollywood.[18][23]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bollywood
አማርኛ: ቦሊውድ
العربية: بوليوود
asturianu: Bollywood
azərbaycanca: Bollivud
বাংলা: বলিউড
Bân-lâm-gú: Bollywood
беларуская: Балівуд
भोजपुरी: बॉलीवुड
български: Боливуд
bosanski: Bollywood
brezhoneg: Bollywood
català: Bollywood
čeština: Bollywood
dansk: Bollywood
Deutsch: Hindi-Film
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބޮލީވުޑް
डोटेली: बलिउड
Ελληνικά: Μπόλυγουντ
español: Bollywood
Esperanto: Bolivudo
euskara: Bollywood
فارسی: بالیوود
français: Bollywood
galego: Bollywood
ગુજરાતી: બોલીવુડ
한국어: 볼리우드
հայերեն: Բոլիվուդ
hrvatski: Bollywood
Bahasa Indonesia: Bollywood
italiano: Bollywood
עברית: בוליווד
Kabɩyɛ: Bollywood
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಾಲಿವುಡ್
ქართული: ბოლივუდი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بٲلی وُڈ
Kiswahili: Bollywood
kurdî: Bollywood
latviešu: Bolivuda
lietuvių: Bolivudas
magyar: Bollywood
मैथिली: बलिउड
македонски: Боливуд
മലയാളം: ബോളിവുഡ്
मराठी: बॉलीवूड
მარგალური: ბოლივუდი
Bahasa Melayu: Bollywood
Nederlands: Bollywood
नेपाली: बलिउड
नेपाल भाषा: हिन्दी संकिपा
日本語: ボリウッド
norsk: Bollywood
norsk nynorsk: Bollywood
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਲੀਵੁੱਡ
پنجابی: بالی وڈ
پښتو: باليووډ
polski: Bollywood
português: Bollywood
română: Bollywood
русский: Болливуд
Scots: Bollywood
shqip: Bollywood
Simple English: Bollywood
slovenčina: Bollywood
Soomaaliga: Bollywood
کوردی: بۆلیوود
српски / srpski: Bolivud
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bollywood
suomi: Bollywood
svenska: Bollywood
தமிழ்: பாலிவுட்
తెలుగు: బాలీవుడ్
Türkçe: Bollywood
українська: Боллівуд
اردو: بالی وڈ
Tiếng Việt: Bollywood
Winaray: Bollywood
吴语: 宝莱坞
粵語: 波里活
中文: 宝莱坞