Bollywood

Hindi cinema
(Bollywood)
India film clapperboard (variant).svg
Main distributorsEros International
Reliance Big Pictures
UTV Motion Pictures
Yash Raj Films[1][2]
Produced feature films (2017)[3]
Total364
Gross box office (2016)[5]
Total15,500 crore ($2.31 billion)
National filmsIndia: ₹3,500 crore ($565 million) (2014)[4]

Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood and formerly known as Bombay cinema,[6] is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra. The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". The industry is related to Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries, making up Indian Cinema – the world's largest.[7][8]

Indian cinema is the world's largest film industry in film production, with an annual output of 1,986 feature films in 2017. Bollywood is its largest film producer, with 364 Hindi films produced in 2017.[3] Bollywood represents 43 percent of Indian net box-office revenue; Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36 percent, and the remaining regional cinema constituted 21 percent in 2014.[4] Bollywood is one of the largest centres of film production in the world.[9][10][11] In 2001 ticket sales, Indian cinema (including Bollywood) reportedly sold an estimated 3.6 billion tickets worldwide, compared to Hollywood's 2.6 billion tickets sold.[12][13][14] Bollywood films tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu (or Hindustani), mutually intelligible by Hindi and Urdu speakers,[15][16][17] and modern Bollywood films increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.[15]

The most popular commercial genre in Bollywood since the 1970s has been the masala film, which freely mixes different genres including action, comedy, romance, drama and melodrama along with musical numbers.[18][19][20][21] Masala films generally fall under the musical film genre, of which Indian cinema has been the largest producer since the 1960s when it exceeded the American film industry's total musical output after musical films declined in the West; the first Indian musical talkie was Alam Ara (1931), several years after the first Hollywood musical talkie The Jazz Singer (1927). Bollywood films outside of the commercial masala formula have traditionally been referred to as parallel cinema, which tend to avoid the use of musical numbers. In more recent times, the distinction between commercial masala cinema and parallel cinema has been gradually blurring, as an increasing number of successful commercial films forego the use of musical numbers, such as the highest-grossing Indian film Dangal (2016), for example.

Etymology

"Bollywood" is a portmanteau derived from Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood, California, the centre of the American film industry.[22] Unlike Hollywood, Bollywood is not a physical place; its name is criticised by some film journalists and critics, who believe it implies that the industry is a poor cousin of Hollywood.[22][23]

According to OxfordDictionaries.com, the word "Bollywood" originated during the 1970s,[24] when Indian cinema overtook Hollywood in film production. A number of journalists have been credited by newspapers with coining the word.[25] According to a 2004 article in The Hindu, journalist Bevinda Collaco coined the word;[26] a Telegraph article the following year report that Amit Khanna was its creator.[27]

According to Madhava Prasad, author of Surviving Bollywood, the term "Bollywood" was preceded by "Tollywood", which then referred to the cinema of West Bengal. The Bengali film industry, based in Tollygunge, Calcutta, was referred to as "Tollywood" in a 1932 American Cinematographer article.[28]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bollywood
አማርኛ: ቦሊውድ
العربية: بوليوود
asturianu: Bollywood
azərbaycanca: Bollivud
বাংলা: বলিউড
Bân-lâm-gú: Bollywood
Basa Banyumasan: Bollywood
беларуская: Балівуд
भोजपुरी: बॉलीवुड
български: Боливуд
bosanski: Bollywood
brezhoneg: Bollywood
català: Bollywood
čeština: Bollywood
dansk: Bollywood
Deutsch: Hindi-Film
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބޮލީވުޑް
डोटेली: बलिउड
Ελληνικά: Μπόλυγουντ
español: Bollywood
Esperanto: Bolivudo
euskara: Bollywood
فارسی: بالیوود
français: Bollywood
galego: Bollywood
ગુજરાતી: બોલીવુડ
한국어: 볼리우드
հայերեն: Բոլիվուդ
hrvatski: Bollywood
Bahasa Indonesia: Bollywood
italiano: Bollywood
עברית: בוליווד
Kabɩyɛ: Bollywood
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಾಲಿವುಡ್
ქართული: ბოლივუდი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بٲلی وُڈ
Kiswahili: Bollywood
kurdî: Bollywood
latviešu: Bolivuda
lietuvių: Bolivudas
magyar: Bollywood
मैथिली: बलिउड
македонски: Боливуд
മലയാളം: ബോളിവുഡ്
मराठी: बॉलीवूड
მარგალური: ბოლივუდი
Bahasa Melayu: Bollywood
Nederlands: Bollywood
नेपाली: बलिउड
नेपाल भाषा: हिन्दी संकिपा
日本語: ボリウッド
norsk: Bollywood
norsk nynorsk: Bollywood
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bollywood
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਲੀਵੁੱਡ
پنجابی: بالی وڈ
پښتو: باليووډ
polski: Bollywood
português: Bollywood
română: Bollywood
русский: Болливуд
Scots: Bollywood
shqip: Bollywood
සිංහල: බොලිවුඩ්
Simple English: Bollywood
slovenčina: Bollywood
Soomaaliga: Bollywood
کوردی: بۆلیوود
српски / srpski: Bolivud
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bollywood
suomi: Bollywood
svenska: Bollywood
தமிழ்: பாலிவுட்
తెలుగు: బాలీవుడ్
Türkçe: Bollywood
українська: Боллівуд
اردو: بالی وڈ
Tiếng Việt: Bollywood
Winaray: Bollywood
吴语: 宝莱坞
粵語: 波里活
中文: 宝莱坞