Bollywood

This article is about the Hindi film industry. For the entire film culture of India, see Cinema of India. For the tree species, see Bollywood (tree).
Hindi Cinema
Indiafilm.svg
Main distributors Dharma Productions
Yash Raj Films
T-Series
Rajshri Productions
Eros International
Vinod Chopra Films
Phantom Films
Reliance Big Pictures
Produced feature films (2014) [1]
Total 263
Gross box office (2014) [2]
National films India: 3,500 crore (US$540 million)

Bollywood is the sobriquet for India's Hindi language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. [3] It is more formally referred to as Hindi cinema. [4] The term "Bollywood" is often used by non-Indians as a synecdoche to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; however, Bollywood proper is only a part of the larger Indian film industry, which includes other production centres producing films in many other Indian languages. [5] [6]

Bollywood is one of the largest film producers in India, representing 43% of the net box office revenue, while Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36%, and the rest of the regional cinema constitutes 21% as of 2014. [7] Bollywood is also one of the largest centers of film production in the world. [8] [9] [10] Furthermore, Bollywood is one of the biggest film industries in the world in terms of the number of people employed and the number of films produced. [11] According to Matusitz, J., & Payano, P., In 2011, over 3.5 billion tickets were sold across the globe which in comparison is 900,000 tickets more than Hollywood. [12] Bollywood produced 252 films in 2014 out of a total of 1969 films produced in Indian cinema.

Etymology

The name "Bollywood" is a portmanteau derived from Bombay, India, (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood, California, the center of the American film industry. [13] Bollywood does not exist as a physical place. Some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to Hollywood. [13] [14]

The naming scheme for "Bollywood" was inspired by "Tollywood", the name that was used to refer to the cinema of West Bengal. Dating back to 1932, "Tollywood" was the earliest Hollywood-inspired name, referring to the Bengali film industry based in Tollygunge, Calcutta, whose name is reminiscent of "Hollywood" and was the centre of the cinema of India at the time. [15] It was this "chance juxtaposition of two pairs of rhyming syllables," Holly and Tolly, that led to the portmanteau name "Tollywood" being coined. The name "Tollywood" went on to be used as a nickname for the Bengali film industry by the popular Kolkata-based Junior Statesman youth magazine, establishing a precedent for other film industries to use similar-sounding names, eventually leading to the coining of "Bollywood". [16] However, Tollywood is now used popularly to refer to the Telugu Film Industry in Telangana & Andhra Pradesh. The term "Bollywood" itself has origins in the 1970s, when India overtook America as the world's largest film producer. Credit for the term has been claimed by several different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna, [17] and the journalist Bevinda Collaco. [18]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bollywood
العربية: بوليوود
azərbaycanca: Bollivud
বাংলা: বলিউড
Bân-lâm-gú: Bollywood
беларуская: Балівуд
भोजपुरी: बॉलीवुड
български: Боливуд
bosanski: Bollywood
brezhoneg: Bollywood
català: Bollywood
čeština: Bollywood
dansk: Bollywood
Deutsch: Hindi-Film
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބޮލީވުޑް
Ελληνικά: Μπόλυγουντ
español: Bollywood
Esperanto: Bolivudo
euskara: Bollywood
فارسی: بالیوود
français: Bollywood
galego: Bollywood
ગુજરાતી: બોલીવુડ
한국어: 볼리우드
Հայերեն: Բոլիվուդ
hrvatski: Bollywood
Bahasa Indonesia: Bollywood
italiano: Bollywood
עברית: בוליווד
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಾಲಿವುಡ್
ქართული: ბოლივუდი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بٲلی وُڈ
Kiswahili: Bollywood
Kurdî: Bollywood
latviešu: Bolivuda
lietuvių: Bolivudas
magyar: Bollywood
मैथिली: बलिउड
македонски: Боливуд
മലയാളം: ബോളിവുഡ്
मराठी: बॉलीवूड
მარგალური: ბოლივუდი
Bahasa Melayu: Bollywood
Nederlands: Bollywood
नेपाली: बलिउड
नेपाल भाषा: हिन्दी संकिपा
日本語: ボリウッド
norsk bokmål: Bollywood
norsk nynorsk: Bollywood
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਲੀਵੁੱਡ
پنجابی: بالیوڈ
پښتو: باليووډ
polski: Bollywood
português: Bollywood
română: Bollywood
русский: Болливуд
Scots: Bollywood
shqip: Bollywood
Simple English: Bollywood
slovenčina: Bollywood
Soomaaliga: Bollywood
کوردیی ناوەندی: بۆلیوود
српски / srpski: Bolivud
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bollywood
suomi: Bollywood
svenska: Bollywood
தமிழ்: பாலிவுட்
తెలుగు: బాలీవుడ్
Türkçe: Bollywood
українська: Боллівуд
اردو: بالی وڈ
Tiếng Việt: Bollywood
Winaray: Bollywood
吴语: 宝莱坞
粵語: 波里活
中文: 宝莱坞