Bing Crosby

Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby 1951.jpg
Crosby in 1951
Born Harry Lillis Crosby Jr.
(1903-05-03)May 3, 1903
Tacoma, Washington, U.S.
Died October 14, 1977(1977-10-14) (aged 74)
Alcobendas, Madrid, Spain
Cause of death Heart attack
Burial place Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California, U.S.
Occupation
  • Singer
  • actor
Years active 1926–1977
Home town Spokane, Washington
Spouse(s)
Children
Family

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. ( i/; May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) [1] [2] was an American singer and actor. [3] Crosby's trademark warm bass-baritone voice made him the best-selling recording artist of the 20th century, having sold over one billion [4] records, tapes, compact discs and digital downloads around the world. [5]

The first multimedia star, from 1931 to 1954 Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings, and motion picture grosses. [6] His early career coincided with technical recording innovations such as the microphone. This allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, [7] Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, and Dean Martin. Yank magazine said that he was the person who had done the most for American soldiers' morale during World War II. In 1948, American polls declared him the "most admired man alive", ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. [8] [9] Also in 1948, Music Digest estimated that his recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music. [9]

Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way and was nominated for his reprise of the role in The Bells of St. Mary's opposite Ingrid Bergman the next year, becoming the first of six actors to be nominated twice for playing the same character. In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. [10] He is one of 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, [11] in the categories of motion pictures, radio, and audio recording. [12]

Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. Through the medium of recording, he constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship (editing, retaking, rehearsal, time shifting) used in motion picture production, a practice that became an industry standard. In addition to his work with early tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, and co-owned the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.

Childhood

Crosby aged nine

Crosby was born on May 3, 1903 [13] [14] in Tacoma, Washington, in a house his father built at 1112 North J Street. [15] In 1906, his family moved to Spokane, [16] and in 1913, his father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Avenue. [17] The house sits on the campus of Gonzaga University, his alma mater. [18]

He was the fourth of seven children: brothers Larry (1895–1975), Edward (1896–1966), Ted (1900–1973), and Bob (1913–1993); and two sisters, Catherine (1904–1974) and Mary Rose (1906–1990). His parents were Harry Lowe Crosby Sr. [19] (1870–1950), a bookkeeper, and Catherine Helen "Kate" (née Harrigan; 1873–1964). [19] His mother was a second generation Irish-American. [20] His father was of English descent; an ancestor, Simon Crosby, emigrated to America in the 17th century, [21] and one of his descendants married a descendant of Mayflower passenger William Brewster (c. 1567 – April 10, 1644). [22]

In 1910, seven-year-old Harry Crosby Jr. was forever renamed. The Sunday edition of the Spokesman-Review published a feature called "The Bingville Bugle." [23] [24] Written by humorist Newton Newkirk, The Bingville Bugle was a parody of a hillbilly newsletter, filled with gossip, minstrel quips, creative spelling, and mock ads. A neighbor, 15-year-old Valentine Hobart, enjoyed reading "The Bugle," and noting Harry's laugh, took a liking to him and called him "Bingo from Bingville." Eventually, the last vowel was dropped and the nickname stuck. [25] [26]

In 1917, Crosby took a summer job as property boy at Spokane's "Auditorium," where he witnessed some of the finest acts of the day, including Al Jolson, who held him spellbound with ad libbing and parodies of Hawaiian songs. He later described Jolson's delivery as "electric." [27]

Crosby graduated from Gonzaga High School (today's Gonzaga Prep) in 1920 and enrolled at Gonzaga University. He attended Gonzaga for three years but did not earn a degree. [28] As a freshman, he played on the university's baseball team. [29] The university granted him an honorary doctorate in 1937. [30]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bing Crosby
العربية: بينغ كروسبي
aragonés: Bing Crosby
asturianu: Bing Crosby
беларуская: Бінг Кросбі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бінг Кросьбі
Bikol Central: Bing Crosby
български: Бинг Кросби
bosanski: Bing Crosby
brezhoneg: Bing Crosby
català: Bing Crosby
čeština: Bing Crosby
Cymraeg: Bing Crosby
Deutsch: Bing Crosby
Ελληνικά: Μπινγκ Κρόσμπι
español: Bing Crosby
Esperanto: Bing Crosby
euskara: Bing Crosby
français: Bing Crosby
Gaeilge: Bing Crosby
galego: Bing Crosby
한국어: 빙 크로스비
hrvatski: Bing Crosby
Ilokano: Bing Crosby
Bahasa Indonesia: Bing Crosby
italiano: Bing Crosby
ქართული: ბინგ კროსბი
Latina: Bing Crosby
latviešu: Bings Krosbijs
magyar: Bing Crosby
Malagasy: Bing Crosby
მარგალური: ბინგ კროსბი
Nederlands: Bing Crosby
polski: Bing Crosby
português: Bing Crosby
română: Bing Crosby
русский: Кросби, Бинг
Simple English: Bing Crosby
slovenčina: Bing Crosby
slovenščina: Bing Crosby
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bing Crosby
svenska: Bing Crosby
Tagalog: Bing Crosby
Türkçe: Bing Crosby
українська: Бінг Кросбі
Tiếng Việt: Bing Crosby
Winaray: Bing Crosby
Yorùbá: Bing Crosby