Biedermeier room in the museum of Chrzanów, Poland

The Biedermeier period refers to an era in Central Europe between 1815 and 1848, during which the middle class grew in number, and arts appealed to common sensibilities. It began with the time of the Congress of Vienna at the end of the Napoleonic Wars and ended with the onset of the European Revolutions of 1848. Although the term itself is a historical reference, it is used mostly to denote the artistic styles that flourished in the fields of literature, music, the visual arts and interior design.


The Concert of Europe ensured by the Austrian chancellor Klemens Wenzel von Metternich enabled the period of peace in which Biedermeier sensibilities developed.

The Biedermeier period does not refer to the era as a whole, but to a particular mood and set of trends that grew out of the unique underpinnings of the time in Central Europe. There were two driving forces for the development of the period. One was the growing urbanization and industrialization leading to a new urban middle class, which created a new kind of audience for the arts. The other was the political stability prevalent under Klemens Wenzel von Metternich following the end of the Napoleonic Wars.[1] The effect was for artists and society in general to concentrate on the domestic and (at least in public) the non-political. Writers, painters, and musicians began to stay in safer territory, and the emphasis on home life for the growing middle-class meant a blossoming of furniture design and interior decorating.[2]

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Afrikaans: Biedermeier
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հայերեն: Բիդերմայեր
hrvatski: Bidermajer
Bahasa Indonesia: Biedermeier
italiano: Biedermeier
ქართული: ბიდერმაიერი
latviešu: Bīdermeijers
magyar: Biedermeier
Nederlands: Biedermeier
polski: Biedermeier
português: Biedermeier
русский: Бидермейер
slovenčina: Biedermeier
slovenščina: Bidermajer
српски / srpski: Бидермајер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bidermajer
українська: Бідермаєр
中文: 畢德麥雅