The Berber calendar is the agricultural
The current Berber calendar is a legacy of the
Not much is known about the division of time among the ancient Berbers. Some elements of a pre-Islamic, and almost certainly a pre-
|Name of the month||"Meaning"|
|1||tayyuret tezwaret||The first small moon|
|2||tayyuret teggwerat||The last small moon|
|5||tasra tezwaret||The first herd|
|6||tasra teggwerat||The last herd|
|7||awdayeɣet yezwaren||The first antelope babies|
|8||awdayeɣet yeggweran||The last antelope babies|
|9||awzimet yezwaren||The first gazelle babies|
|10||awzimet yeggweran||The last gazelle babies|
|11||ayssi / aysi||?|
There are not enough elements to reconstruct this calendar fully, but known characteristics include many month names' appearing in couples (in the Tuareg world, even in triplets), which suggests a time division different from the present one, made up of months of about 30 days.
Some further information, although difficult to specify and correlate with the situation in the rest of North Africa, may be deduced from what is known about time computation among the
computed their year, called Acano, by
lunationsof 29 days (suns) beginning from the new moon. It began in summer, when the sun enters in Cancer, on June 21: at the first conjunction(at the first new moon after the Summer solstice) they celebrated nine festival days for the crop.
The same manuscript states (although somewhat obscurely) that graphical-pictorical records of such calendarial events (tara) were made on different supports, and on this basis some modern scholars identified alleged descriptions of
The name of only one month is known in the native language, handed down as Beñesmet. It seems it was the second month of the year, corresponding to August. Such a name, in case it was made up by something like *wen "that of" + (e)smet (or (e)zmet?), may correspond, in the list of medieval Berber month names, with the ninth and tenth months, awzimet (properly aw "baby of" + zimet "gazelle"). But data are too scarce for this hypothesis to be deepened.