Belize

Belize
Motto: "Sub Umbra Floreo" (Latin)
"Under the shade I flourish"
Anthem: "Land of the Free"
Location of Belize
Location of Belize
CapitalBelmopan
17°15′N 88°46′W / 17°15′N 88°46′W / 17.250; -88.767
Largest cityBelize City
Official languagesEnglish
Recognized languagesBelizean Creole, Garifuna, Mayan languages, Spanish
Ethnic groups (2010[1][note 1])
DemonymBelizean (since 1973)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Colville Young
Dean Barrow
LegislatureNational Assembly
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
21 September 1981
Area
• Total
22,966 km2 (8,867 sq mi)[1][2] (147th)
• Water (%)
0.8
Population
• 2017 estimate
387,879[3]
• 2010 census
324,528[4]
• Density
14.1/km2 (36.5/sq mi) (213th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$3.343 billion[5]
• Per capita
$8,445[5]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$1.912 billion[5]
• Per capita
$4,830[5]
HDI (2017)Decrease 0.708[6]
high · 106th
CurrencyBelize dollar (BZD)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+501
ISO 3166 codeBZ
Internet TLD.bz

Belize (z/ (About this sound listen)) (Spanish: Belice), formerly British Honduras, is a country on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. Belize is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Belize has an area of 22,800 square kilometres (8,800 sq mi) and a population of 387,879 (2017).[3] Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km (68 mi) wide. It has the lowest population and population density in Central America.[7] The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.[1]

Belize's abundance of terrestrial and marine species and its diversity of ecosystems give it a key place in the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor.[8]

Belize has a diverse society, composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history. English is the official language of Belize, while Belizean Creole is an unofficial native language. Over half the population is multilingual, with Spanish being the second most common spoken language.

Belize is considered a Central American and Caribbean nation with strong ties to both the American and Caribbean regions.[9] It is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), and the Central American Integration System (SICA), the only country to hold full membership in all three regional organisations. Belize is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state.

Belize is known for its September Celebrations, its extensive barrier reef coral reefs and punta music.[10][11]

Etymology

The original name of Belize was British Honduras. The earliest known record of the name "Belize" appears in the journal of the Dominican priest Fray José Delgado, dating to 1677.[12] Delgado recorded the names of three major rivers that he crossed while travelling north along the Caribbean coast: Rio Soyte, Rio Xibum and Rio Balis. The names of these waterways, which correspond to the Sittee River, Sibun River and Belize River, were provided to Delgado by his translator.[12] It is likely that Delgado's "Balis" was actually the Mayan word belix (or beliz), meaning "muddy-watered".[12]

Some have suggested that the name derives from a Spanish pronunciation of the name of the Scottish buccaneer Peter Wallace, who established a settlement at the mouth of the Belize River in 1638.[13] There is no proof that Wallace settled in this area and some scholars have characterized this claim as a myth.[12] Writers and historians have suggested several other possible etymologies, including postulated French and African origins.[12]

Other Languages
Acèh: Belize
адыгабзэ: Белиз
Afrikaans: Belize
Alemannisch: Belize
አማርኛ: ቤሊዝ
Ænglisc: Belīs
العربية: بليز
aragonés: Belize
armãneashti: Belize
arpetan: Belize
asturianu: Belize
Avañe'ẽ: Velíse
Aymar aru: Wilisi
azərbaycanca: Beliz
تۆرکجه: بلیز
bamanankan: Belize
বাংলা: বেলিজ
Bân-lâm-gú: Belize
башҡортса: Белиз
беларуская: Беліз
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бэліз
भोजपुरी: बेलीज
Bikol Central: Belisa
български: Белиз
Boarisch: Belize
བོད་ཡིག: བེ་ལི་ཛི།
bosanski: Beliz
brezhoneg: Belize
буряад: Белиз
català: Belize
Чӑвашла: Белиз
Cebuano: Belize
čeština: Belize
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Belice
chiShona: Belize
Cymraeg: Belîs
dansk: Belize
davvisámegiella: Belize
Deutsch: Belize
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބެލީޒު
dolnoserbski: Belize
ཇོང་ཁ: བེ་ལིཛ
eesti: Belize
Ελληνικά: Μπελίζ
эрзянь: Белиз
español: Belice
Esperanto: Belizo
estremeñu: Belici
euskara: Belize
eʋegbe: Belize
فارسی: بلیز
Fiji Hindi: Belize
føroyskt: Belis
français: Belize
Frysk: Belize
Gaeilge: An Bheilís
Gaelg: Yn Veleesh
Gagauz: Beliz
Gàidhlig: Beilise
galego: Belize
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: बेलिझ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Belize
хальмг: Белсин Орн
한국어: 벨리즈
հայերեն: Բելիզ
हिन्दी: बेलीज़
hornjoserbsce: Belize
hrvatski: Belize
Ido: Belize
Ilokano: Belis
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বেলিজ
Bahasa Indonesia: Belize
interlingua: Belize
Interlingue: Belize
Ирон: Белиз
isiZulu: Belize
íslenska: Belís
italiano: Belize
עברית: בליז
Basa Jawa: Belize
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬೆಲೀಜ್
Kapampangan: Belize
ქართული: ბელიზი
қазақша: Белиз
kernowek: Belisa
Kinyarwanda: Belize
Kiswahili: Belize
Kreyòl ayisyen: Beliz
kurdî: Belîze
Кыргызча: Белиз
кырык мары: Белиз
Ladino: Belize
Latina: Beliza
latviešu: Beliza
Lëtzebuergesch: Belize
lietuvių: Belizas
Ligure: Belize
Limburgs: Belize (land)
lingála: Belize
Livvinkarjala: Beliz
la .lojban.: beliz
lumbaart: Belize
magyar: Belize
मैथिली: बेलिज
македонски: Белиз
Malagasy: Belizy
മലയാളം: ബെലീസ്
Malti: Beliże
मराठी: बेलीझ
მარგალური: ბელიზი
مصرى: بيليز
مازِرونی: بلیز
Bahasa Melayu: Belize
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Belize
монгол: Белиз
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘလိဇ်နိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Belice
Dorerin Naoero: Berij
Nederlands: Belize (land)
नेपाली: बेलिज
नेपाल भाषा: बेलिज
日本語: ベリーズ
нохчийн: Белиз
Nordfriisk: Belize
Norfuk / Pitkern: Beles
norsk: Belize
norsk nynorsk: Belize
Novial: Beliz
occitan: Belize
олык марий: Белиз
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବେଲିଜ
Oromoo: Beliiz
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Beliz
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੇਲੀਜ਼
पालि: बेलीज
پنجابی: بیلیز
Papiamentu: Belize
پښتو: Belize
Patois: Biliiz
Piemontèis: Belize
Plattdüütsch: Belize
polski: Belize
português: Belize
Qaraqalpaqsha: Beliz
qırımtatarca: Beliz
română: Belize
rumantsch: Belize
Runa Simi: Bilisi
русиньскый: Беліз
русский: Белиз
саха тыла: Белиз
Gagana Samoa: Pelisi
संस्कृतम्: बेलीज
sardu: Belize
Scots: Belize
Seeltersk: Belize
shqip: Beliza
sicilianu: Belizi
සිංහල: බෙලීස්
Simple English: Belize
SiSwati: IBhelizi
slovenčina: Belize
slovenščina: Belize
ślůnski: Belize
Soomaaliga: Belise
کوردی: بەلیز
српски / srpski: Белизе
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Belize
Basa Sunda: Bélis
suomi: Belize
svenska: Belize
Tagalog: Belize
தமிழ்: பெலீசு
Taqbaylit: Belize
татарча/tatarça: Белиз
తెలుగు: బెలిజ్
tetun: Belize
тоҷикӣ: Белиз
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏇᎵᏍ
Türkçe: Belize
українська: Беліз
اردو: بیلیز
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بېلىز
Vahcuengh: Belize
vèneto: Belize
vepsän kel’: Beliz
Tiếng Việt: Belize
Volapük: Belisän
Võro: Belize
文言: 伯利茲
Winaray: Belize
Wolof: Beliis
吴语: 伯利兹
ייִדיש: בעליז
Yorùbá: Bẹ̀lísè
粵語: 伯利茲
Zazaki: Beliz
Zeêuws: Belize
žemaitėška: Belėzos
中文: 伯利兹
डोटेली: बेलिज
Kabɩyɛ: Peliizi
Lingua Franca Nova: Beliz