Beddingham

Beddingham
Looking Towards Beddingham Roundabout - geograph.org.uk - 972632.jpg
Looking north on the A26 at Beddingham
Beddingham is located in East Sussex
Beddingham
Beddingham
Beddingham shown within East Sussex
Area11.4 km2 (4.4 sq mi) [1]
Population242 (Census 2011)[2]
• Density25/km2 (65/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ445078
• London45 miles (72 km) N
Civil parish
  • Beddingham
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLEWES
Postcode districtBN8
Dialling code01273
PoliceSussex
FireEast Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteParish Council website
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
50°51′06″N 0°03′07″E / 50°51′06″N 0°03′07″E / 50.8518; 0.0519
Beddingham Church

Beddingham is an English village and civil parish in the Lewes district of East Sussex, at the junction between the London to Newhaven (A26) and south coast (A27) roads south-east of Lewes. The parish council was joined with that of Glynde shortly after the Second World War, as Glynde and Beddingham.[3] However, they are still separate civil parishes.

Occupation

The area was settled in pre-Roman times with many tumuli in the surrounding hills originating in the Iron Age.

The Roman villa at Beddingham 50°50′52″N 0°04′16″E / 50°50′52″N 0°04′16″E / 50.84771; 0.07115 was excavated by David Rudling between 1987 and 1992. Construction began in the late first century AD, and the villa was occupied until the mid fourth-century. There was a wooden roundhouse built originally (around 50 AD) before Roman construction began towards the end of the century.[4]

When the Saxons came, one of the buildings on the site was hollowed out, presumably to be used as a Sunken Feature Building (Grubenhaus). It is interesting that the fill of the cut contains a mix of Late Roman and Early Saxon pottery, suggesting some degree of continuity of settlement.[5]

Beddingham was a Saxon royal minster. It was probably seized by Offa of Mercia following his annexation of Sussex early in the 770s.[6] One of his coins was found there.[7] Once back in Saxon possession, the land was bequeathed by King Alfred to his nephew Aethelm, and the manor was later held by Earl Godwin.

The manor of Preston in Beddingham (or 'Preston Becklewin') was originally held by the Abbey of Bec and passed to King's College, Cambridge, at its foundation.[8]

The original church was wooden. The Normans used local flint from the South Downs to construct the present building. The noted horticulturist Frances Garnet Wolseley, 2nd Viscountess Wolseley was buried in the churchyard in 1936.

The 13th century farmhouse at Itford Farm (Grade II*listed) is being converted into a youth hostel (YHA) and outdoor activity centre to be known as YHA South Downs, and is due to open in Spring 2013.

Other Languages
Cymraeg: Beddingham
Nederlands: Beddingham
polski: Beddingham