Bay of Fundy Campaign

Bay of Fundy Campaign
Part of French and Indian War
JohnWinslowByJosephBlackburn.png
John Winslow, British commander
DateAugust 1755 - December 1755
LocationBay of Fundy, Nova Scotia
Commanders and leaders
John Winslow
Captain Alexander Murray
Charles Deschamps de Boishébert et de Raffetot
Joseph Broussard
Units involved
40th Regiment of FootAcadia militia
Wabanaki Confederacy (Maliseet militia and Mi'kmaq militia)

The Bay of Fundy Campaign occurred during the French and Indian War (the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War) when the British ordered the Expulsion of the Acadians from Acadia after the Battle of Fort Beauséjour (1755). The Campaign started at Chignecto and then quickly moved to Grand Pré, Rivière-aux-Canards, Pisiguit, Cobequid, and finally Annapolis Royal. Approximately 7,000 Acadians were deported to the New England colonies.

Historical context

The British Conquest of Acadia took place in 1710. Over the next 45 years the Acadians refused to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance to Britain. During this time period Acadians participated in various militia operations against the British, such as the raids on Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. The Acadians also maintained vital supply lines to the French Fortress of Louisbourg and Fort Beauséjour.[1] During the French and Indian War (the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War), the British sought both to neutralize any military threat the Acadians posed, and to interrupt the vital supply lines they provided to Louisbourg, by deporting them from Acadia.[2] Prior to the expulsion, the British retrieved the Acadians' weapons and boats in the Bay of Fundy region and arrested their deputies and priests.[3]

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