Battle of the Paracel Islands
|Battle of the Paracel Islands|
| || |
|Commanders and leaders|
| Zhang Yuanpei (张元培)|
Wei Mingsen (魏鸣森)
|Colonel Hà Văn Ngạc|
Unknown number of militia
Total ship: 1,760 Tonnes
1 commando platoon
1 demolition team
1 militia platoon
Total ship: 7,840 Tonnes
|Casualties and losses|
4 minesweepers damaged
1 corvette sunk
3 frigates damaged
The Battle of the Paracel Islands was a military engagement between the naval forces of
As a result of the battle, the PRC established de facto control over the Paracels.
The Paracel Islands, called Xisha Islands (西沙群岛; Xīshā Qúndǎo) in
China first asserted sovereignty in the modern sense to the South China Sea’s islands when it formally objected to France’s efforts to incorporate them into French Indochina during the
In 1945, in accordance with the
In 1950, after the Chinese nationalists were driven from Hainan by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), they withdrew their garrisons in both the Paracels and Spratlys to Taiwan. In 1954 France ceased to be a factor when it accepted the independence of both South and North Vietnam and withdrew from Indochina.
In 1956 North Vietnam formally accepted that the Paracel and Spratly islands were historically Chinese. About the same time, the PLA reestablished a Chinese garrison on Yongxing Island in the Paracels, while the Republic of China (Taipei) stationed troops on Taiping Island in the Spratlys. That same year, however, South Vietnam reopened the abandoned French camp on Shanhu Island and announced it had annexed the Paracel archipelago as well as the Spratlys. To focus on its war with the North, South Vietnam by 1966 had reduced its presence on the Paracels to only a single weather observation garrison on Shanhu Island. The PLA made no attempt to remove this force.