Battle of Guinea

Battle of Guinea
Part of War of the Castilian Succession
Fernão Vaz Dourado 1571-1.jpg
16th century map of the Portuguese possessions in western Africa
Date Spring or Summer of 1478
Location Gulf of Guinea, western Africa
Result Decisive Portuguese victory
Belligerents
PortugueseFlag1475.png Kingdom of Portugal Blason Castille Léon.png Crown of Castile
Commanders and leaders
Jorge Correia
Mem Palha
Pedro de Covides  (POW)
Strength
11 ships 35 ships [1] [2]
Casualties and losses
no ships lost all ships and crew captured [1] [3]

The Battle of Guinea took place on the Gulf of Guinea, in western Africa, 1478, between a Portuguese fleet and a Castilian fleet in the context of the War of the Castilian Succession.

The outcome of the battle of Guinea was probably decisive for Portugal reaching a very favourable sharing of the Atlantic and territories disputed with Castile in the Peace of Alcáçovas (1479). All with the exception of the Canary Islands stayed under Portuguese control: Guinea, Cape Verde, Madeira, Azores and the exclusive right of conquering the Kingdom of Fez. Portugal also won exclusive rights over the lands discovered or that were to be discovered south of the Canary Islands.

John of Portugal (future King John II)

Background

In 1478, Prince John of Portugal, who had been charged since 1474 by his father, King Afonso V of Portugal, with the administration of the Portuguese maritime expansion, received news that a large Castilian fleet of thirty five ships commanded by Pedro de Covides [4] had been sent from Seville by Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon to Portugal's claimed Mina, in the region of the Gulf of Guinea, to attack the Portuguese there and trade with the natives. He immediately prepared and organized a fleet of eleven ships with the objective of intercepting the Castilian expedition, giving the command of the fleet to Jorge Correia and Mem Palha, two of his knights. [5]