Battle of Ammunition Hill

Battle of Ammunition Hill
Part of Six-Day War
DateJune 6, 1967
Location31°47′58″N 35°13′41″E / 31°47′58″N 35°13′41″E / Ammunition Hill)
ResultIsraeli victory
 Israel Jordan
Commanders and leaders
Israel Mordechai Gur
Israel Shlomo Yossi Yafe
Israel Uzi Narkis
Jordan Hussein bin Talal
Flag of Jordan.svg Zaid ibn Shaker
Reinforced companyAbout 150 soldiers
Casualties and losses
36 killed71 killed

Ammunition Hill (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת הַתַּחְמֹשֶׁת‬, Giv'at HaTahmoshet) was a fortified Jordanian military post in the northern part of Jordanian-ruled East Jerusalem and the western slope of Mount Scopus. It was the site of one of the fiercest battles of the Six-Day War.[1] Ammunition Hill is now a national memorial site.[2]

Historical background

Ammunition Hill was located west of a police academy, with a fortified trench connecting them. The site was built by the British during their Mandatory Palestine in the 1930s, and was used to store the police academy's ammunition. The Jordanian Arab Legion seized control of the hill during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War,[3] severing the link between Mount Scopus and West Jerusalem. In the wake of the 1949 Armistice Agreements, parts of Mount Scopus remained an Israeli enclave[4] in Jordanian-held territory, with the Jordanians blocking access to Hadassah Medical Center and the campus of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on the hilltop.[4]

The post consisted of tens of bunkers built along the three main trench systems surrounding the hill, with fortified gun emplacements covering each trench. The living quarters for the Jordanian defenders of the hill were in a large underground bunker. At the time of the Six-Day War, the post was defended by a reinforced Jordanian company of 150 soldiers of the El-Hussein regiment (number 2).[3]