Bat

  • bat
    temporal range: eocenepresent
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    wikipedia-bats-001-v01.jpg
    about this image
    scientific classification e
    kingdom: animalia
    phylum: chordata
    class: mammalia
    clade: scrotifera
    order: chiroptera
    blumenbach, 1779
    suborders

    (traditional):

    • megachiroptera
    • microchiroptera

    (recent):

    • yinpterochiroptera
    • yangochiroptera
    bat range.png
    worldwide distribution of bat species

    bats are mammals of the order chiroptera;[a] with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals capable of true and sustained flight. bats are more manoeuvrable than birds, flying with their very long spread-out digits covered with a thin membrane or patagium. the smallest bat, and arguably the smallest extant mammal, is kitti's hog-nosed bat, which is 29–34 mm (1.14–1.34 in) in length, 150 mm (5.91 in) across the wings and 2–2.6 g (0.07–0.09 oz) in mass. the largest bats are the flying foxes and the giant golden-crowned flying fox, acerodon jubatus, which can weigh 1.6 kg (4 lb) and have a wingspan of 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in).

    the second largest order of mammals after rodents, bats comprise about 20% of all classified mammal species worldwide, with over 1,200 species. these were traditionally divided into two suborders: the largely fruit-eating megabats, and the echolocating microbats. but more recent evidence has supported dividing the order into yinpterochiroptera and yangochiroptera, with megabats as members of the former along with several species of microbats. many bats are insectivores, and most of the rest are frugivores (fruit-eaters). a few species feed on animals other than insects; for example, the vampire bats feed on blood. most bats are nocturnal, and many roost in caves or other refuges; it is uncertain whether bats have these behaviours to escape predators. bats are present throughout the world, with the exception of extremely cold regions. they are important in their ecosystems for pollinating flowers and dispersing seeds; many tropical plants depend entirely on bats for these services.

    bats provide humans with some benefits, at the cost of some threats. bat dung has been mined as guano from caves and used as fertiliser. bats consume insect pests, reducing the need for pesticides. they are sometimes numerous enough to serve as tourist attractions, and are used as food across asia and the pacific rim. they are natural reservoirs of many pathogens, such as rabies; and since they are highly mobile, social, and long-lived, they can readily spread disease. in many cultures, bats are popularly associated with darkness, malevolence, witchcraft, vampires, and death.

  • etymology
  • phylogeny and taxonomy
  • anatomy and physiology
  • ecology
  • social behaviour
  • reproduction and life history
  • interactions with humans
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Bat
Temporal range: EocenePresent
Common vampire batGreater horseshoe batGreater short-nosed fruit batEgyptian fruit batMexican free-tailed batGreater mouse-eared batWikipedia-Bats-001-v01.jpg
About this image
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Clade: Scrotifera
Order: Chiroptera
Blumenbach, 1779
Suborders

(traditional):

(recent):

Bat range.png
Worldwide distribution of bat species

Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera;[a] with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals capable of true and sustained flight. Bats are more manoeuvrable than birds, flying with their very long spread-out digits covered with a thin membrane or patagium. The smallest bat, and arguably the smallest extant mammal, is Kitti's hog-nosed bat, which is 29–34 mm (1.14–1.34 in) in length, 150 mm (5.91 in) across the wings and 2–2.6 g (0.07–0.09 oz) in mass. The largest bats are the flying foxes and the giant golden-crowned flying fox, Acerodon jubatus, which can weigh 1.6 kg (4 lb) and have a wingspan of 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in).

The second largest order of mammals after rodents, bats comprise about 20% of all classified mammal species worldwide, with over 1,200 species. These were traditionally divided into two suborders: the largely fruit-eating megabats, and the echolocating microbats. But more recent evidence has supported dividing the order into Yinpterochiroptera and Yangochiroptera, with megabats as members of the former along with several species of microbats. Many bats are insectivores, and most of the rest are frugivores (fruit-eaters). A few species feed on animals other than insects; for example, the vampire bats feed on blood. Most bats are nocturnal, and many roost in caves or other refuges; it is uncertain whether bats have these behaviours to escape predators. Bats are present throughout the world, with the exception of extremely cold regions. They are important in their ecosystems for pollinating flowers and dispersing seeds; many tropical plants depend entirely on bats for these services.

Bats provide humans with some benefits, at the cost of some threats. Bat dung has been mined as guano from caves and used as fertiliser. Bats consume insect pests, reducing the need for pesticides. They are sometimes numerous enough to serve as tourist attractions, and are used as food across Asia and the Pacific Rim. They are natural reservoirs of many pathogens, such as rabies; and since they are highly mobile, social, and long-lived, they can readily spread disease. In many cultures, bats are popularly associated with darkness, malevolence, witchcraft, vampires, and death.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vlermuis
አማርኛ: የሌት ወፍ
Ænglisc: Hreaðemūs
العربية: خفاشيات
aragonés: Chiroptera
armãneashti: Puľiu di noaptea
অসমীয়া: বাদুলি
asturianu: Chiroptera
Avañe'ẽ: Mbopi
Aymar aru: Chiñi
azərbaycanca: Yarasa (heyvan)
Bali: Lelawah
বাংলা: বাদুড়
Bân-lâm-gú: Bi̍t-pô
беларуская: Рукакрылыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рукакрылыя
български: Прилепи
bosanski: Šišmiš
brezhoneg: Askell-groc'hen
català: Ratpenats
Cebuano: Kulaknit
čeština: Letouni
Cymraeg: Ystlum
dansk: Flagermus
Deutsch: Fledertiere
Ελληνικά: Νυχτερίδα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Papastrèl
español: Chiroptera
Esperanto: Kiropteroj
estremeñu: Chiroptera
euskara: Saguzar
فارسی: خفاش
føroyskt: Flogmýs
français: Chiroptera
Gaeilge: Ialtóg
Gàidhlig: Ialtag
galego: Morcegos
贛語: 簷老鼠
ગુજરાતી: ચામાચિડિયું
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Phi̍t-phò-è
хальмг: Бавуха
한국어: 박쥐
Hausa: Jemage
हिन्दी: चमगादड़
hrvatski: Šišmiši
Bahasa Indonesia: Kelelawar
interlingua: Chiroptera
íslenska: Leðurblaka
italiano: Chiroptera
עברית: עטלפים
Jawa: Lawa
Kabɩyɛ: Sɛmʊʊ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬಾವಲಿ
Kapampangan: Talibatab
kaszëbsczi: Szãtopiérze
kernowek: Askel groghen
Kirundi: Agahungarema
Kiswahili: Popo
Kreyòl ayisyen: Chòvsourit
kurdî: Perçemk
Кыргызча: Жарганат
кырык мары: Цӓрӓгек
latgaļu: Plykspuorņi
Latina: Chiroptera
latviešu: Sikspārņi
lietuvių: Šikšnosparniai
Ligure: Chiroptera
Limburgs: Vleermuis
lingála: Ngɛmbo
Lingua Franca Nova: Cirotero
Livvinkarjala: Nahkusiivet
magyar: Denevérek
मैथिली: चमगुदड़ी
македонски: Лилјаци
Malagasy: Fania
മലയാളം: വവ്വാൽ
मराठी: वटवाघूळ
مازِرونی: شوپرپری
Bahasa Melayu: Kelawar
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bì-bà-dâu-giék
мокшень: Веньдряв
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လင်းနို့
Nāhuatl: Tzinacantli
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Beka
Nederlands: Vleermuizen
Nedersaksies: Vleadermuse
नेपाली: चमेरो
नेपाल भाषा: चिकंलापा
日本語: コウモリ
Napulitano: Scherpíngeche
Nordfriisk: Fladerdiarten
norsk: Flaggermus
norsk nynorsk: Flaggermus
Nouormand: Caûque-souothis
Novial: Chiroptera
occitan: Chiroptera
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବାଦୁଡ଼ି
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਚਮਗਿੱਦੜ
پنجابی: چمگادڑ
Перем Коми: Кушборддэз
Piemontèis: Ratavolòira
polski: Nietoperze
português: Morcego
română: Chiroptere
Runa Simi: Masu
русиньскый: Мышперхач
русский: Рукокрылые
Sakizaya: bidadiki
sardu: Chiroptera
Scots: Baukie
Seeltersk: Flädderdierte
Simple English: Bat
سنڌي: چمڙو
slovenčina: Netopiere (rad)
slovenščina: Netopirji
ślůnski: Gacopjyrze
Soomaaliga: Fiidmeer
српски / srpski: Слепи мишеви
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šišmiš
Sunda: Lalay
suomi: Lepakot
svenska: Fladdermöss
Tagalog: Paniki
தமிழ்: வௌவால்
Taqbaylit: Azeɣnennay
tarandíne: Turtuvagghie
తెలుగు: గబ్బిలం
тоҷикӣ: Болдастҳо
Tsetsêhestâhese: Méšenonetsénóne
Türkçe: Yarasa
українська: Лиликоподібні
اردو: چمگادڑ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: شەپەرەڭ
Vahcuengh: Vumzvauz
Tiếng Việt: Bộ Dơi
West-Vlams: Vliendrmuus
Winaray: Kabog
吴语: 蝙蝠
ייִדיש: פלעדערמויז
Yorùbá: Àdán
粵語: 蝠鼠
Zazaki: Şewşewıki
Zeêuws: Vleermuzen
žemaitėška: Šėkšniesparnis
中文: 蝙蝠