Bassoon

Bassoon
Yamaha Bassoon YFG-812 II.tif
A Yamaha YFG-812 II bassoon
Woodwind instrument
Other namesbasson
fagott
fagotto
Hornbostel–Sachs classification422.112–71
(Double-reeded aerophone with keys)
DevelopedEarly 18th century
Playing range
(A1) B♭1–E5 (A♭5)
(A1) B1–E5 (A5)
Related instruments
Tenoroon
Contrabassoon (double bassoon)
Dulcian
Oboe

The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble. Appearing in its modern form in the 19th century, the bassoon figures prominently in orchestral, concert band, and chamber music literature. The bassoon is a non-transposing instrument known for its distinctive tone colour, wide range, variety of character and agility. Listeners often compare its warm, dark, reedy timbre to that of a male baritone voice. Someone who plays the bassoon is called a bassoonist.

Etymology

The word bassoon comes from French basson and from Italian bassone (basso with the augmentative suffix -one).[1] However, the Italian name for the same instrument is fagotto, in Spanish and Romanian it is fagot, and in German fagott.[2] Fagot is a Germanic word meaning a bundle of sticks.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Fagot
Alemannisch: Fagott
العربية: زمخر
azərbaycanca: Faqot
беларуская: Фагот
български: Фагот
བོད་ཡིག: པ་གླིང་།
bosanski: Fagot
català: Fagot
čeština: Fagot
dansk: Fagot
Deutsch: Fagott
eesti: Fagott
Ελληνικά: Φαγκότο
español: Fagot
Esperanto: Fagoto
euskara: Fagot
فارسی: فاگوت
français: Basson
Frysk: Fagot
Gaeilge: Basún
Gàidhlig: Torm-fheadan
galego: Fagot
한국어: 바순
hrvatski: Fagot
Ido: Basono
Bahasa Indonesia: Fagot (alat musik)
interlingua: Fagotto
íslenska: Fagott
italiano: Fagotto
עברית: בסון
ქართული: ფაგოტი
қазақша: Фагот
Latina: Fagottus
latviešu: Fagots
lietuvių: Fagotas
Ligure: Fagòtto
magyar: Fagott
Bahasa Melayu: Basun
Nederlands: Fagot
日本語: ファゴット
norsk: Fagott
norsk nynorsk: Fagott
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Fagot
polski: Fagot
português: Fagote
română: Fagot
Runa Simi: Phaqut
русский: Фагот
Simple English: Bassoon
slovenčina: Fagot
slovenščina: Fagot
српски / srpski: Фагот
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fagot
suomi: Fagotti
svenska: Fagott
Türkçe: Fagot
українська: Фагот
Tiếng Việt: Pha-gốt
中文: 低音管