Barcelona

Barcelona
City and municipality
Barcelona collage.JPG
Flag of Barcelona
Flag
Coat of arms of Barcelona
Coat of arms

Nickname(s): Ciutat Comtal (ca)/Ciudad Condal (es)
"City of Counts"

Cap i Casal de Catalunya (ca)
"Head and Hearth of Catalonia"


Abbreviation(s):
Barna, BCN
Barcelona is located in Catalonia
Barcelona
Barcelona
Location of Barcelona
Barcelona is located in Spain
Barcelona
Barcelona
Barcelona (Spain)
Barcelona is located in Europe
Barcelona
Barcelona
Barcelona (Europe)
Coordinates: 41°23′N 2°11′E / 41°23′N 2°11′E / 41.383; 2.183
Country Spain
Autonomous community Catalonia
ProvinceBarcelona
ComarcaBarcelonès
SeatBarcelona City Hall
Districts
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyBarcelona City Council
 • MayorAda Colau Ballano[1] (Barcelona en Comú)
Area[2]
 • City101.4 km2 (39.2 sq mi)
Elevation (AMSL)12 m (39 ft)
Population (2017)[5]
 • City1,620,809
 • Rank2nd
 • Density16,000/km2 (41,000/sq mi)
 • Urban4,840,000[3]
 • Metro5,474,482[4]
Demonym(s)Barcelonan, Barcelonian
barceloní-ina (ca)
'barcelonés-esa (es)
Postal code080xx
Area code+34 (E) 93 (B)
INE code08 0193
City budget (2014)€2.5 billion[6]
Official languageCatalan and Spanish
Main festitivityLa Mercè
Patron saintEulalia of Barcelona
Websitewww.barcelona.cat

Barcelona (ə/ LOH-nə, Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits,[5] its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people,[3][7] making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan.[3] It is the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, and bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of which is 512 metres (1,680 feet) high.

Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia. Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and also many international sport tournaments.

Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair and cultural centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.[8][9] It is a major cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world (before Zürich, after Frankfurt)[10] and a financial centre. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion.[11] In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion; and it was leading Spain in employment rate in that moment.[12]

In 2009 the city was ranked Europe's third and one of the world's most successful as a city brand.[13] In the same year the city was ranked Europe's fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year,[14] and the city has been experiencing strong and renewed growth for the past three years. Since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe.[15] Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port,[16] an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 40 million passengers per year,[17] an extensive motorway network, and a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe.[18]

Names

The name Barcelona comes from the ancient Iberian Barkeno, attested in an ancient coin inscription found on the right side of the coin in Iberian script as Barkeno in Levantine Iberian script,[19] in ancient Greek sources as Βαρκινών, Barkinṓn;[20][21] and in Latin as Barcino,[22] Barcilonum[23] and Barcenona.[24][25][26]

Some older sources suggest that the city may have been named after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca, who was supposed to have founded the city in the 3rd century BC,[27] but there is no evidence that Barcelona was ever a Carthaginian settlement, or that its name in antiquity, Barcino, had any connection with the Barcid family of Hamilcar.[28] During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa, and Barchenona.

Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to 'Barça'. However, this name refers only to FC Barcelona, the football club. The common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna.

Another common abbreviation is 'BCN', which is also the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport.

The city is also referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan, and Ciudad Condal in Spanish, owing to its past as the seat of the Count of Barcelona.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Barcelona
Alemannisch: Barcelona
አማርኛ: ባርሴሎና
العربية: برشلونة
aragonés: Barcelona
arpetan: Barcelona
asturianu: Barcelona
Avañe'ẽ: Barcelona
Aymar aru: Barcelona
azərbaycanca: Barselona
تۆرکجه: بارسلونا
bamanankan: Barcelona
Bân-lâm-gú: Barcelona
башҡортса: Барселона
беларуская: Барселона
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Барсэлёна
Bikol Central: Barcelona
Bislama: Barcelona
български: Барселона
Boarisch: Barcelona
bosanski: Barcelona
brezhoneg: Barcelona
буряад: Барселоно
català: Barcelona
Чӑвашла: Барселона
Cebuano: Barcelona
čeština: Barcelona
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Barcelona
Chi-Chewa: Barcelona
corsu: Barcelona
Cymraeg: Barcelona
dansk: Barcelona
davvisámegiella: Barcelona
Deutsch: Barcelona
dolnoserbski: Barcelona
eesti: Barcelona
Ελληνικά: Βαρκελώνη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Barcelóna
español: Barcelona
Esperanto: Barcelono
estremeñu: Barcelona
euskara: Bartzelona
فارسی: بارسلون
føroyskt: Barcelona
français: Barcelone
Gaeilge: Barcelona
Gàidhlig: Barcelona
galego: Barcelona
گیلکی: بارسلؤنا
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Barcelona
한국어: 바르셀로나
Hausa: Barcelona
հայերեն: Բարսելոնա
हिन्दी: बार्सिलोना
hornjoserbsce: Barcelona
hrvatski: Barcelona
Ilokano: Barcelona
Bahasa Indonesia: Barcelona
interlingua: Barcelona
Interlingue: Barcelona
íslenska: Barselóna
italiano: Barcellona
עברית: ברצלונה
Basa Jawa: Barcelona
Kapampangan: Barcelona
ქართული: ბარსელონა
kaszëbsczi: Barcelona
қазақша: Барселона
kernowek: Barcelona
Kiswahili: Barcelona
Kongo: Barcelona
kurdî: Barselona
Кыргызча: Барселона
Ladino: Barselona
лезги: Барселона
Latina: Barcino
latviešu: Barselona
Lëtzebuergesch: Barcelona
lietuvių: Barselona
Limburgs: Barcelona
lingála: Barcelona
Livvinkarjala: Barcelona
lumbaart: Barcelona
magyar: Barcelona
मैथिली: बार्सिलोना
македонски: Барселона
Malagasy: Barselona
മലയാളം: ബാഴ്സലോണ
მარგალური: ბარსელონა
مازِرونی: بارسلون
Bahasa Melayu: Barcelona
Mirandés: Barcelona
монгол: Барселон
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘာစီလိုနာမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Barcelona
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Barcelona
Nederlands: Barcelona (Spanje)
Nedersaksies: Barcelona
नेपाली: बार्सिलोना
नेपाल भाषा: बार्सेलोना
日本語: バルセロナ
Napulitano: Barcellona
нохчийн: Барселона
Nordfriisk: Barcelona
norsk: Barcelona
norsk nynorsk: Barcelona
occitan: Barcelona
олык марий: Барселона
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਰਸੀਲੋਨਾ
پنجابی: بارسیلونا
Picard: Barcelona
Piemontèis: Barslon-a
Plattdüütsch: Barcelona
polski: Barcelona
português: Barcelona
Qaraqalpaqsha: Barselona
reo tahiti: Barcelona
română: Barcelona
rumantsch: Barcelona
Runa Simi: Barcelona
русский: Барселона
саха тыла: Барселона
संस्कृतम्: बार्सेलोना
Scots: Barcelona
Setswana: Barcelona
shqip: Barcelona
Simple English: Barcelona
slovenčina: Barcelona
slovenščina: Barcelona
ślůnski: Barcelůna
Soomaaliga: Barcelona
کوردی: بارسێلۆنا
Sranantongo: Barcelona
српски / srpski: Барселона
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Barcelona
suomi: Barcelona
svenska: Barcelona
Taqbaylit: Barseluna
татарча/tatarça: Барселона
тоҷикӣ: Барселона
Tsetsêhestâhese: Barcelona
Tshivenda: Barcelona
Türkçe: Barselona
удмурт: Барселона
українська: Барселона
اردو: برشلونہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Barsélona
Vahcuengh: Barcelona
vèneto: Barcełona
vepsän kel’: Barselon
Tiếng Việt: Barcelona
Volapük: Barcelona
文言: 巴塞羅那
Winaray: Barcelona
吴语: 巴塞罗那
ייִדיש: בארצעלאנע
粵語: 巴薩隆拿
Zazaki: Barselona
žemaitėška: Barseluona
中文: 巴塞罗那