Balsas River

Balsas River
Mezcala (or Balsas) River in Guerrero, Mexico.jpg
Balsas River
Mexico watersheds.jpg
Watersheds of Mexico
Native nameMezcala River
CountryMexico
Physical characteristics
River mouthMangrove Point, Pacific Ocean
Length771 kilometers (479 mi)
Basin features
River systemConfluence of the San Martín River and Zahuapan River

The Balsas River (Spanish Río Balsas, also locally known as the Mezcala River, or Atoyac River) is a major river of south-central Mexico.

The basin flows through the states of Puebla, Morelos, Guerrero, and Mexico. The river flows through the Sierra Madre del Sur, and empties into the Pacific Ocean at Mangrove Point, adjacent to the city of Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán.[1][2] Several rapids along the course of the Balsas River limit its navigability and thus the river has been largely used for generation of hydroelectric power, flood control and irrigation.[1]

History

The Balsas River valley was possibly one of the earliest maize growing sites in Mexico, dating from around 9200 years ago.[3] Though it is known that successive communities of Yop, Coixica, Matlatzinca (Chontal), Tlahuica and Xochimilca with Nahua succeeding in the end have lived in the region, archeological excavations in the area are yet to establish the hierarchical succession of the various communities.[4] During the period of 1100–480 BC, the region between the lower Balsas river valley and the Lerma-Santiago River fell under control of the Tarascan-Purépecha Empire.[5]

According to the 1980 Census, 47,000 people lived along the Balsas river banks, spread over 37 communities, within the six municipalities of the region. Nahua peoples constite 47% of the population, 15% are indigenous people (speaking four different languages), other large communities are Mixtec (23%) and Tlapenc (19%), and the balance 4% are Amuzgo.[4] The population increased to 60,000 in the 1990s. The communities, while retaining their individualities, show close linguistic, kinship, and cultural relationships - revealed, for example, when they perform the rituals of patronal feasts.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: نهر مصقلة
беларуская: Бальсас
български: Балсас (река)
Boarisch: Río Balsas
català: Balsas
Чӑвашла: Бальсас
čeština: Balsas
Deutsch: Río Balsas
español: Río Balsas
Esperanto: Balsaso
français: Río Balsas
Հայերեն: Բալսաս (գետ)
italiano: Balsas (fiume)
ქართული: ბალსასი
lietuvių: Balsas (upė)
Nederlands: Balsas (rivier)
português: Rio Balsas
русский: Бальсас
українська: Бальсас