Balinese numerals

The Balinese language has an elaborate decimal numeral system.

Basic numerals

The numerals 1–10 have basic, combining, and independent forms, many of which are formed through reduplication. The combining forms are used to form higher numbers. In some cases there is more than one word for a numeral, reflecting the Balinese register system; halus (high-register) forms are listed in italics.

Final orthographic -a is a schwa [ə].

Numeral Basic Combining Independent
1 besik a-, sa-* abesik, aukud
(a)siki
2 dua duang- dadua
kalih kalih- kakalih
3 telu telung- tetelu
tiga tigang- tetiga
4 (em)pat petang- pa(t)pat
5 lima limang- lelima
6 (e)nem nem- ne(m)nem
7 pitu pitung- pepitu
8 (a)kutus kutus-, ulung- akutus
9 (a)sia sia-, sangang- Asia
10 (a)dasa dasa- adasa

* A less productive combining form of a- 1 is sa-, as can be seen in many of the numbers below. It, ulung-, and sangang- are from Javanese. Dasa 10 is from Sanskrit désa.

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