Bahá'u'lláh

Bahá'u'lláh
Shrine-of-Bahaullah.jpg
Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh in Bahá'í Gardens, Acre
Born Mírzá Ḥusayn-`Alí Núrí [a]
12 November 1817 (1817-11-12)
Tehran, Persia (present-day Iran)
Died 29 May 1892 (1892-05-30) (aged 74)
Acre, Beirut Vilayet, Ottoman Empire, (present-day Israel)
Known for Founder of the Bahá'í Faith
Successor `Abdu'l-Bahá
Spouse(s)
Children

Bahá'u'lláh ( ɑː/; Arabic: بهاء الله‎‎, "Glory of God"; 12 November 1817 – 29 May 1892), born Mírzá Ḥusayn-`Alí Núrí ( Persian: میرزا حسینعلی نوری‎‎), was the founder of the Bahá'í Faith. He claimed to be the prophetic fulfilment of Bábism, a 19th-century outgrowth of Shaykhism, [1] and, in a broader sense to be a Manifestation of God. He also claimed he was the fulfillment of the eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity, and other major religions. [2]

Bahá'u'lláh became a follower of the Báb in Persia in 1845. Three years after the Báb was executed, he was exiled to Baghdad (then a part of the Ottoman Empire), where in 1863 he proclaimed the Bahá'í Faith when he declared himself He whom God shall make manifest, a messianic figure in the religion of Bábism. Bahá'u'lláh based this announcement on an experience he had where he is said to have had a vision of the Maid of Heaven while imprisoned in the Síyáh-Chál in Tehran, Persia. [3] He would be further exiled to Edirne and ultimately to the prison city of Acre, Palestine (present-day Israel), where he died. He wrote many religious works, most notably the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, the Kitáb-i-Íqán and Hidden Words.

Bahá'u'lláh's teachings focus on the unity of God, religion, and mankind. Similar to other monotheistic religions, God is considered the source of all created things. Religion, according to Bahá'u'lláh, is renewed periodically by Manifestations of God, people who are made perfect through divine intervention and whose teachings are the sources of the major world religions throughout history. Unlike other divine messengers, Bahá'ís view Bahá'u'lláh as the first whose mission includes the spiritual unification of the entire planet through the eventual eradication of racism and nationalism. Bahá'u'lláh's teachings include the need for a world tribunal to adjudicate disputes between nations, a uniform system of weights and measures, and an auxiliary language that could be spoken by all the people on earth. Bahá'u'lláh also taught that the cycles of revelatory renewal will continue in the future, with Manifestations of God appearing about every thousand years.

Early and family life

Bahá'u'lláh was born on 12 November 1817, in Tehran, the capital of Persia, present-day Iran. Bahá'í authors state that his ancestry can be traced back to Abraham through Abraham's wife Keturah, [4] to Zoroaster and to Yazdgerd III, the last king of the Sassanid Empire, [5] and also to Jesse. [6] [7] According to the Bahá'í author John Able, Bahá'ís also consider Bahá'u'lláh to have been "descended doubly, from both Abraham and Sarah, and separately from Abraham and Keturah." [8] His mother was Khadíjih Khánum and his father was Mírzá Buzurg. Bahá'u'lláh's father, Mírzá Buzurg, served as vizier to Imám-Virdi Mírzá, the twelfth son of Fat′h Ali Shah Qajar. Mírzá Buzurg was later appointed governor of Burujird and Lorestan, [9] a position that he was stripped of during a government purge when Muhammad Shah came to power. After the death of his father, Bahá'u'lláh was asked to take a government post by the new vizier Hajji Mirza Aqasi, but declined. [10]

Bahá'u'lláh had three wives. He married his first wife Ásíyih Khánum, the daughter of a nobleman, in Tehran in 1835, when he was 18 and she was 15. [11] She was given the title of The Most Exalted Leaf and Navváb. [12] His second wife was his widowed cousin Fátimih Khánum. The marriage took place in Tehran in 1849 when she was 21 and he was 32. [11] She was known as Mahd-i-`Ulyá. His third wife was Gawhar Khánum and the marriage occurred in Baghdad sometime before 1863. [11]

Bahá'u'lláh declared Ásíyih Khánum his "perpetual consort in all the worlds of God", and her son `Abdu'l-Bahá as his vicar. [13] He had 14 children, four daughters and ten sons, five of whom he outlived. [14] Bahá'ís regard Ásíyih Khánum and her children Mírzá Mihdí, Bahíyyih Khánum and `Abdu'l-Bahá' to be the Bahá'í holy family. [15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Baha'u'llah
العربية: حسين علي نوري
aragonés: Bahá'u'lláh
asturianu: Bahá'u'lláh
azərbaycanca: Bəhaullah
Bân-lâm-gú: Bahá'u'lláh
català: Bahà'u'llàh
čeština: Bahá'u'lláh
Deutsch: Baha'ullah
Ελληνικά: Μπαχαολλά
español: Baha'ullah
Esperanto: Bahá'u'lláh
euskara: Bahaullah
فارسی: بهاءالله
한국어: 바하올라
हिन्दी: बहाउल्लाह
hrvatski: Bahá'u'lláh
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahá'u'lláh
interlingua: Bahá'u'lláh
íslenska: Bahá'u'lláh
italiano: Bahá'u'lláh
қазақша: Баһаулла
latviešu: Bahāullāhs
Lëtzebuergesch: Bahá'u'lláh
lietuvių: Baha'u'llah
magyar: Baháalláh
മലയാളം: ബഹാവുള്ള
مازِرونی: بهاءالله
Mirandés: Bahá'u'lláh
монгол: Бахайчууд
Nederlands: Bahá'u'lláh
norsk nynorsk: Bahá'u'lláh
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bahoullo
Plattdüütsch: Bahá'u'lláh
português: Bahá'u'lláh
română: Bahá'u'lláh
русский: Бахаулла
sicilianu: Bahá'u'lláh
Simple English: Bahá'u'lláh
slovenčina: Bahá’ Alláh
slovenščina: Baha Ulah
کوردی: بەھائوڵڵا
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bahá'u'lláh
svenska: Bahaullah
Tagalog: Bahá'u'lláh
українська: Бахаулла
Tiếng Việt: Bahá'u'lláh
Winaray: Bahá'u'lláh
Zazaki: Behaullah
中文: 巴哈欧拉
Kabɩyɛ: Bahaullah