Bahá'í Faith

A white building with several columns and a domed roof
Seat of the Universal House of Justice, governing body of the Bahá'ís, in Haifa, Israel

The Bahá'í Faith ( Persian: بهائی‎‎ Bahā'i) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people. [1] Established by Bahá'u'lláh in 1863, it initially grew in the Middle East and now has between 5-7 million adherents, known as Bahá'ís, spread out into most of the world's countries and territories, with the highest concentrations in India and Iran. [2] [3]

The religion was born in Iran, where it has faced ongoing persecutions since its inception. [4] It grew from the mid- 19th century Bábí religion, whose founder reinterpreted Shia Islam and said that God would soon send a prophet in the manner of Jesus or Muhammad. [5] In 1863, after being banished from his native Iran, Bahá'u'lláh announced that he was this prophet. He was further exiled, spending over a decade in the prison city of Akka in the Ottoman province of Syria, in what is now Israel. Following Bahá'u'lláh's death in 1892, leadership of the religion fell to his son `Abdu'l-Bahá (1844-1921), and later his great-grandson Shoghi Effendi (1897-1957). Bahá'ís around the world annually elect local, regional, and national Spiritual Assemblies that govern the affairs of the religion, and every five years the members of all National Spiritual Assemblies elect the Universal House of Justice, the nine-member supreme governing institution of the worldwide Bahá'í community, which sits in Haifa, Israel near the shrine of Báb.

Bahá'í teachings are in some ways similar to other monotheistic faiths: God is considered single and all-powerful. However, Bahá'u'lláh taught that religion is orderly and progressively revealed by one God through Manifestations of God who are the founders of major world religions throughout history; Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad being the most recent in the period before the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh. As such, Bahá'ís regard the major religions as fundamentally unified in purpose, though varied in social practices and interpretations. There is a similar emphasis on the unity of all people, openly rejecting notions of racism and nationalism. At the heart of Bahá'í teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races, creeds, and classes. [6] [7]

Letters written by Bahá'u'lláh to various individuals, including some heads of state, have been collected and canonized into a body of Bahá'í scripture that includes works by his son `Abdu'l-Bahá, and also the Báb, who is regarded as Bahá'u'lláh's forerunner. Prominent among Bahá'í literature are the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Kitáb-i-Íqán, Some Answered Questions, and The Dawn-Breakers.

Etymology

In English-language use, the word Bahá'í  is used either as an adjective to refer to the Bahá'í Faith or as a term for a follower of Bahá'u'lláh. The word is not a noun meaning the religion as a whole. [8] It is derived from the Arabic Bahá' (بهاء), meaning "glory" or "splendor", although the word Bahá'í  is actually derived from its use as a loan word in Persian, in particular the "'i" suffix is Persian rather than Arabic. [note 1] The term "Bahaism" (or "Baha'ism") is still used, mainly in a pejorative sense. [9] [10]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Baha’i
العربية: بهائية
aragonés: Bahaísmo
অসমীয়া: বাহাই ধৰ্ম
asturianu: Fe Bahá'i
azərbaycanca: Bəhailik
Bân-lâm-gú: Baha'i
беларуская: Бахаі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Багаі
български: Бахайство
bosanski: Baha'i
català: Fe bahà'í
čeština: Bahá'í
Cymraeg: Bahá'í
dansk: Bahá'i
Deutsch: Bahaitum
eesti: Baha'i usk
Ελληνικά: Μπαχάι Πίστη
español: Bahaísmo
Esperanto: Bahaa Kredo
euskara: Bahaismo
فارسی: بهائیت
Fiji Hindi: Bahá'í Faith
français: Bahaïsme
Fulfulde: Bahai
galego: Fe Bahá'í
한국어: 바하이 신앙
Հայերեն: Բահաի
हिन्दी: बहाई धर्म
hrvatski: Bahá'í
Bahasa Indonesia: Baha'i
interlingua: Fide Bahá'í
íslenska: Bahá'í trúin
italiano: Bahá'í
ქართული: ბაჰაიზმი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: بہائیت
қазақша: Баһаи
kernowek: Fay Bahá'í
Kiswahili: Baha'i
Kongo: Kibaha
Kurdî: Behayî
Ladino: Baha'i
latviešu: Bahāisms
Lëtzebuergesch: Baha'i
magyar: Bahái hit
Malagasy: Baha'i
مصرى: بهائيه
Bahasa Melayu: Bahá'í
Mirandés: Fé Bahá'í
Nederlands: Bahai
नेपाल भाषा: बहाइ धर्म
norsk bokmål: Bahá'í
norsk nynorsk: Bahai
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bahoiylik
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਹਾਈ ਧਰਮ
Pälzisch: Bahai
پښتو: بهايي
Patois: Ba'ai Fiet
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ជំនឿបាហៃ
Tok Pisin: Bahai
Plattdüütsch: Bahá'í
polski: Bahaizm
português: Fé bahá'í
русский: Бахаи
sicilianu: Fidi Baha'i
Simple English: Bahá'í Faith
slovenčina: Bahájska viera
slovenščina: Bahajstvo
Soomaaliga: Baha'i
کوردیی ناوەندی: ئایینی بەھایی
српски / srpski: Бахаи вера
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bahaizam
Basa Sunda: Baha'i
suomi: Bahai-usko
svenska: Bahá'í
татарча/tatarça: Бәһаи
тоҷикӣ: Баҳоио
Türkçe: Bahâîlik
українська: Віра Бахаї
اردو: بہائیت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: باھائىي
Tiếng Việt: Bahá'í
Võro: Baha'i usk
Yorùbá: Baháí
粵語: 大同教
Zazaki: Bahá'í
žemaitėška: Bahaju viera