In 1953 a group of critics including
Dilys Powell of
The Sunday Times, raised the notion of a
film festival for
London. They reasoned that with
Venice, as did
Edinburgh, had their own. However, the proposition was squared at the press - giving audience a chance to see movies that don't normally release in British cinemas. Originally to be a 'festival of festivals', it focused on screening a selection of strong titles from other European film festivals, including Cannes and Venice. The first London Film Festival was conceived by
James Quinn, and took place at the NFT (National Film Theatre, now renamed BFI Southbank) from 16–26 October. It was launched after the inauguration of the new NFT on its current site under Waterloo Bridge. It screened only 15-20 films from a renowned selection of directors, including
Luchino Visconti and
Andrzej Wajda. While the programme still retains the 'festivals' feel, it also now shows new discoveries from "important and exciting talents" in world cinema. Whilst it continues to be first and foremost a public festival, it is also attended by large numbers of film professionals and journalists from all over the world. Importantly, it offers opportunities for people to see films that may not otherwise get a UK screening along with films which will get a release in the near future.
The festival is "topped and tailed" by the Opening and Closing galas which have now become major red carpet events in the London calendar and are world premiere screenings, which take place in large venues in central London, attended by the cast and crew of the films, and introduced by the Festival director and the film's directors or producers, and often the actors themselves.
Previously a number of festival awards were presented at the Closing gala, but in 2009, with the aid of some funding from the UK Film Council, a stand-alone awards ceremony was introduced.
Other than these events the screenings at the Festival are quite informal and similar to the normal cinema experience except for two things; some films are accompanied by Q&A sessions which give the audience unique access to the film-maker and/or a member of the cast and offer insight into the making of the film and occasionally an opportunity for the audience to engage directly and ask questions; and the second aspect is that people generally stay and watch the credits.
The festival is divided into themes which cover different areas of interest - in 2009 these were; Galas and Special Screenings, Film on the Square, New British Cinema, French Revolutions, Cinema Europa, World Cinema, Experimenta, Treasures from the Archives, Short Cuts and Animation. In 2009 the Festival, whilst focused around Leicester Square (
Vue West End,
Odeon West End and Empire) and the
BFI Southbank in central London, also screened films across 18 other venues –
Curzon Mayfair Cinema,
ICA Cinema on The Mall, The
Ritzy in Brixton, Cine Lumière in South Kensington,
Queen Elizabeth Hall on the South Bank,
David Lean Cinema in Croydon, the Genesis Cinema in Whitechapel, The Greenwich Picturehouse, the
Phoenix Cinema in East Finchley, Rich Mix in Old Street, the
Rio Cinema in Dalston, the Tricycle Cinema in Kilburn, the Waterman Art Centre in Brentford and Trafalgar Square for the open air screening of short films from the
BFI National Archive. The 2009 Festival featured 15 world premieres including
Wes Anderson’s first animated feature,
Fantastic Mr. Fox,
Sam Taylor-Wood’s feature début
Nowhere Boy, about the formative years of
John Lennon, as well as the Festival’s first ever Archive Gala, the BFI’s new restoration of
Anthony Asquith’s Underground, with live music accompaniment by the Prima Vista Social Club. European premieres in 2009 included
Micmacs, Scott Hicks’
The Boys Are Back and Robert Connolly’s
Balibo, as well as Umesh Vinayak Kulkarni’s The Well and Lucy Bailey and Andrew Thompson’s Mugabe And The White African.
In 2009, directors travelling to London to introduce their latest work included
Michael Haneke (Cannes Palme d'Or winner, The White Ribbon),
Atom Egoyan (Chloe),
Steven Soderbergh (The Informant!),
Lone Scherfig (An Education),
Ang Lee (Taking Woodstock),
Jane Campion (Bright Star),
Gaspar Noé (Enter The Void),
Lee Daniels (Precious),
Grant Heslov (The Men Who Stare At Goats), and
Jason Reitman (Up In The Air). In addition to Fantastic Mr. Fox and Up In The Air,
George Clooney supported his role in
The Men Who Stare At Goats. The Festival also welcomed back previous alumni such as
John Hillcoat (The Road),
Joe Swanberg (Alexander The Last) and
Harmony Korine (Trash Humpers), whilst also screening films from
Manoel de Oliveira (Eccentricities Of A Blonde-Haired Girl),
Jim Jarmusch (The Limits Of Control), Claire Denis (White Material), Ho-Yuhang (At The End Of Daybreak),
Todd Solondz (Life During Wartime), and
Joel and Ethan Coen (A Serious Man).
On August 2016, American distributor
Free Fire was chosen to close the 2016 London Film Festival.