Australasia

Regions of Oceania. New Zealand is considered as part both of Australasia and of Polynesia. Varying amounts of Melanesia (traditionally all of it) also count as part of Australasia.

Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia). Charles de Brosses coined the term (as French Australasie) in Histoire des navigations aux terres australes [1] (1756). He derived it from the Latin for "south of Asia" and differentiated the area from Polynesia (to the east) and the southeast Pacific ( Magellanica). [2] The bulk of Australasia sits on the Indo-Australian Plate, together with India.

Physical geography

Australasia

Physiographically, Australasia includes New Zealand, Australia (including Tasmania), and Melanesia: Papua New Guinea and neighbouring islands north and east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. The designation is sometimes applied to all the lands and islands of the Pacific Ocean lying between the equator and latitude 47° south. Papua New Guinea also includes approximately 600 offshore islands.

Most of Australasia lies on the southern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate, flanked by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Southern Ocean to the south. Peripheral territories lie on the Eurasian Plate to the northwest, the Philippine Plate to the north, and in the Pacific Ocean – including numerous marginal seas – atop the Pacific Plate to the north and east.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Australasië
العربية: أسترالاسيا
arpetan: Ôstralasia
asturianu: Australasia
Bân-lâm-gú: Australasia
Bikol Central: Australasya
български: Австралазия
bosanski: Australazija
brezhoneg: Aostralazia
català: Australàsia
čeština: Australasie
Cymraeg: Awstralasia
Deutsch: Australasien
Ελληνικά: Αυστραλασία
español: Australasia
Esperanto: Aŭstralazio
euskara: Australasia
فارسی: استرالزی
føroyskt: Avstralásia
français: Australasie
galego: Australasia
hrvatski: Australazija
Ilokano: Australasia
Bahasa Indonesia: Australasia
íslenska: Ástralasía
italiano: Australasia
Basa Jawa: Australasia
ქართული: ავსტრალაზია
қазақша: Аустралазия
Kiswahili: Australasia
кырык мары: Австралази
Latina: Australasia
latviešu: Austrālāzija
lietuvių: Australazija
македонски: Австралазија
მარგალური: ავსტრალაზია
Bahasa Melayu: Australasia
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဩစတြေးလေးရှား
Nederlands: Australazië
norsk nynorsk: Australasia
Novial: Australasia
occitan: Australàsia
پنجابی: آسٹریلیشیا
polski: Australazja
português: Australásia
română: Australasia
sicilianu: Australasia
Simple English: Australasia
slovenščina: Avstralazija
српски / srpski: Аустралазија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Australazija
svenska: Australasien
Türkçe: Avustralasya
українська: Австралоазія
Tiếng Việt: Australasia
Winaray: Australasia
Yorùbá: Austrálásíà