Art Ross

Art Ross
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1949
ArtRossWanderers.jpg
Born(1885-01-13)January 13, 1885
Naughton, Ontario, Canada
DiedAugust 5, 1964(1964-08-05) (aged 79)
Medford, Massachusetts, United States
Height5 ft 11 in (180 cm)
Weight190 lb (86 kg; 13 st 8 lb)
PositionPoint/Defence
ShotLeft
Played forMontreal Wanderers
Ottawa Senators
Haileybury Comets
Playing career1905–1918

Arthur Howe Ross (January 13, 1885[a] – August 5, 1964) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and executive from 1905 until 1954. Regarded as one of the best defenders of his era by his peers, he was one of the first to skate with the puck up the ice rather than pass it to a forward. He was on Stanley Cup championship teams twice in a playing career that lasted thirteen seasons; in January 1907 with the Kenora Thistles and 1908 with the Montreal Wanderers. Like other players of the time, Ross played for several different teams and leagues, and is most notable for his time with the Wanderers while they were members of the National Hockey Association (NHA) and its successor, the National Hockey League (NHL). In 1911 he led one of the first organized player strikes over increased pay. When the Wanderers' home arena burned down in January 1918, the team ceased operations and Ross retired as a player.

After several years as an on-ice official, he was named head coach of the Hamilton Tigers for one season. When the Boston Bruins were formed in 1924, Ross was hired as the first coach and general manager of the team. He would go on to coach the team on three separate occasions until 1945 and stayed as general manager until his retirement in 1954. Ross helped the Bruins finish first place in the league ten times and to win the Stanley Cup three times; Ross personally coached the team to two of those victories. After being hired by the Bruins, Ross, along with his wife and two sons, moved to a suburb of Boston, and he became an American citizen in 1938. He died near Boston in 1964.

Outside of his association with the Bruins, Ross also helped to improve the game. He created a style of hockey puck still used today, and advocated an improved style of goal nets, a change that lasted forty years. In 1947 Ross donated the Art Ross Trophy, awarded to the leading scorer of the NHL regular season. Ross was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1949.[b]

Early life

Ross was born January 13, 1885, in Naughton, Ontario.[a][c] His father, Thomas Barnston Ross, was of Scottish descent and originally from Chicoutimi, Quebec, while his mother was Marguerite (Margaret) McLeod. Ross's parents initially lived in Lake St. John, Quebec (now Lac Saint-Jean), where Thomas worked for the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC).[1] The family had ten children: nine sons and one daughter.[d] Around 1876 Thomas was transferred to a trading post in Northern Ontario close to the Whitefish Lake. Living in a remote outpost, the family would trek 370 kilometres (230 mi) each way twice a year for supplies.[2]

Ross spent his early years at the trading post, and first learned to skate on the nearby lake. He grew up speaking English, and was taught French by his mother, and later in life claimed he knew Ojibwe and Montagnais.[3] In 1892 the family moved back to Lake St. John, though in 1895 Margaret left Thomas, and moved back to Ontario with her younger children.[4] She married Peter McKenzie, who was the Chief Factor for HBC in the region (and thus Thomas' superior) in 1895.[5] They moved again in 1896, settling in the affluent Westmount district of Montreal.[6] Thomas also re-married, and by 1904 was living in Victoria, British Columbia, where he died in 1930.[7]

In Montreal Ross attended Westmount Academy, and became active in a variety of sports, though he was best at hockey and Canadian football (which was still very similar to rugby football at the time).[8] He likely first played organized hockey in the 1900–01 season, joining the Westmount Amateur Athletic Association. With this club he first met the brothers Lester and Frank Patrick, both of whom were later inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.[9] Ross and Lester had a financially successful ticket resale business at the Montreal Arena, buying tickets for thirty-five cents and selling them for up to a dollar.[10]

Other Languages
العربية: أرت روس
čeština: Art Ross
Deutsch: Art Ross
español: Art Ross
فارسی: آرت رز
français: Art Ross
italiano: Art Ross
latviešu: Arts Ross
русский: Росс, Арт
Simple English: Art Ross
slovenščina: Art Ross
suomi: Art Ross
svenska: Art Ross