Arroyo Seco Municipality

Arroyo Seco Municipality
Location of the municipality in Querétaro
Location of the municipality in Querétaro
Coordinates: 21°32′50″N 99°41′18″W / 21°32′50″N 99°41′18″W / 21.5472; -99.6883
Country Mexico
Municipal seatArroyo Seco
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)

Arroyo Seco Municipality is a municipality in Querétaro in central Mexico.[1]

The municipality

Mountains in Arroyo Seco Municipality
Camping by the Ayutla River

As municipal seat, the town of Arroyo Seco, Querétaro is the local government for forty five communities, which together make up an area of 731.1665km2. The municipality is located in the north of Querétaro, the farthest from the state capital 238 km away. The municipality borders the municipalities of Jalpan de Serra and Pinal de Amoles with the San Luis Potosí to the north and west and the state of Guanajuato to the south and west. The municipality consists of forty five communities divided into the municipal seat, five delegations and forty sub delegations. It has a government consisting of a municipal president and nine officials called “regidors.”[2] In 2009, the municipality sponsored the first Guadalupana Race, with prizes for competitors in five different categories. The event attracts runners from various parts of the Sierra Gorda and neighboring states.[3]

As of 2005, there were just over three thousand housing units in the municipality. Most are privately owned and built with materials found in the region such as adobe, bamboo, wood and tiles for roofs. Floors are either of cement or packed earth. Only 72% of the population has running water, most of which is in individual storage systems operated by gravity. Thirty communities have electrical service. There is both landline and cellular phone service and post offices in several locations.[2]

There are thirty nine preschool programs and forty four primary schools. There are seven middle schools, four of which are distance education and three are technical. In Concá, there is a distance learning vocational high school, which belongs to the Sistema Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Querétaro. A new similar facility has been recently built in Purísima de Arista. Over 75% of the municipality’s population only completes primary school, with just over 18% finishing middle school.[2] In 2010, the Instituto Tecnológico de Querétaro (ITQ) opened a small unit in the municipality to provide higher education classes both face-to-face and via distance education. Classes include those in computer and industrial systems as well as certain types of high school level classes. The classes are giving at the Casa de Cultura in rooms which have been adapted for the purpose.[4]

The main highway in the municipality is Federal Highway 69. A state highway connecting Jalpan with San Luis Potosí was built through here in 2000. In 2004, a highway to Guanajuato was added. These are supplemented by a number of rural roads connecting the various communities. Many of these roads have public bus service, including service to neighboring states.[2][5]

Aside from the municipal seat there are a number of other important communities. Purísima de Arista is the second largest community in the municipality, which also has all utilities along with schools, health center and sporting facilities. Its economy is based on agriculture growing corn, beans, chili peppers, tomatoes, chickpeas and squash. It is located 36 km from the municipal seat. The town has a parish church was built in 1909. The Virgin of the Immaculate Conception is honored in Purísima de Arista on 8 December. Río de Carrizal is a small community located at an altitude of 600 masl, so it has a warm, subtropical climate. To arrive, one must cross as 205 meter bridge which is seven meters above the ground over the Santa María River. The community is wedged between two large mountains and consists of houses, small shops, gardens and a few fields. San Juan Buenaventura is located 48 km from the municipal seat and at an altitude of 1600 masl. The town is divided into the communities of El Bosque, San José de las Flores, El Quirino, La Mohonera and Laguna de la Cruz. Most of its economy is based on livestock.[2]

The Concá delegation has the largest number of communities and is located 15 km from the municipal seat in the most agriculturally productive area of the municipality. Its agriculture along with tourism from the mission church has made it one of the most important communities in the region. The town of Concá is noted for its commemoration of Day of the Dead. The community of El Refugio was known as El Sótano until the early 20th century. Its origins date back to the beginning of the 18th century. Today, it is one of the main livestock (mostly smaller animals like goats and domestic fowl) in the municipality, which has been growing. It has one of the municipality’s parish churches called Nuestra Señora del Refugio. It also has its own schools from pre school to middle school via distance education.[2]

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