Armenian calendar

The Armenian calendar uses the calendar era of AD 552, reflecting the separation of the Armenian Apostolic Church from the Chalcedonian Churches by the Monophysite schism.

The calendar traditionally used in medieval Armenia was based on an invariant year length of 365 days. As a result, the correspondence between it and both the solar year and the Julian calendar slowly drifted over time, shifting across a year of the Julian calendar once in 1,461 calendar years (see Sothic cycle).

Thus, the Armenian year 1461 (Gregorian 2010/2011) completed the first full cycle; Armenian year 1 began on 11 July 552 of the Julian calendar, and Armenian year 1462 began on 24 July 2012 of the Gregorian calendar (corresponding to Julian 11 July).

The Armenian calendar is divided into 12 months of 30 days each, plus an additional ( epagomenal) five days are called aweleacʿ ("superfluous"). Years are usually given in Armenian numerals, letters of the Armenian alphabet preceded by the abbreviation ԹՎ for t’vin "in the year" (for example, ԹՎ ՌՆԾԵ "in the year 1455").

Months

The Armenian month names show influence of the Zoroastrian calendar, [1] and, as noted by Antoine Meillet,[ citation needed] Kartvelian influence in two cases. There are different systems for transliterating the names; the forms below are transliterated according to the Hübschmann-Meillet-Benveniste system.

Months of the year
# Armenian H-M
Romaniz.
Meaning Etymology/Notes
1 նաւասարդ nawasard new year Avestan*nava sarəδa
2 հոռի hoṙi two From Georgian ორი (ori) meaning "two"
3 սահմի sahmi three From Georgian სამი (sami) meaning "three"
4 տրէ trē Zoroastrian Tïr
5 քաղոց kʿałocʿ month of crops From Old Armenian քաղեմ (kʿałem) meaning "to gather" from PIE *kʷl̥-
6 արաց aracʿ
7 մեհեկան mehekan festival of Mithra Iranian *mihrakān- ; Zoroastrian Mitrō
8 արեգ areg sun month From Old Armenian արեւ (arew) meaning "sun" from PIE *h₂rew-i- also meaning sun
9 ահեկան ahekan fire festival Iranian *āhrakān- ; Zoroastrian Ātarō
10 մարերի mareri mid-year Avestan maiδyaīrya ; Zoroastrian Dīn
11 մարգաց margacʿ
12 հրոտից hroticʿ Pahlavi *fravartakān ; Zoroastrian Spendarmat̰
13 աւելեաց [2] aweleacʿ redundant, superfluous Epagomenal days
Other Languages
العربية: تقويم أرمني
azərbaycanca: Erməni təqvimi
беларуская: Армянскі каляндар
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Армянскі каляндар
Esperanto: Armena kalendaro
Bahasa Indonesia: Kalender Armenia
Nederlands: Armeense kalender
Nordfriisk: Armeensk kalender
norsk bokmål: Armensk kalender
Simple English: Armenian calendar
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jermenski kalendar
Basa Sunda: Kalénder Arménia
Türkçe: Ermeni takvimi
Tiếng Việt: Lịch Armenia