State of Arkansas : Nickname(s) The Natural State (current) The Bear State (former) : Motto(s) ( Regnat populus : The People Rule) Latin : " State song(s) " ", " Arkansas ", " Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me) ", and " Oh, Arkansas The Arkansas Traveler Official language English Demonym Arkansan Arkansawyer Arkanite  Capital ( ) and largest city Little Rock Largest metro Central Arkansas Area Ranked 29th • Total 53,180 sq mi (137,733 km 2) • Width 270 miles (435 km) • Length 240 miles (386 km) • % water 2.09 • Latitude 33° 00′ N to 36° 30′ N • Longitude 89° 39′ W to 94° 37′ W Population Ranked 33rd • Total 3,004,279 (2017 est.)  • Density 56.4/sq mi (21.8/km 2) Ranked 34th • Median household income $40,531 (48th) Elevation • Highest point Mount Magazine   [a] [b] 2,753 ft (839 m) • Mean 650 ft (200 m) • Lowest point at Ouachita River border Louisiana  [a] 55 ft (17 m) Before statehood Arkansas Territory Admission to Union June 15, 1836 (25th) Governor ( Asa Hutchinson ) R Lieutenant Governor (R) Tim Griffin Legislature Arkansas General Assembly • Upper house Senate • Lower house House of Representatives U.S. Senators (R) John Boozman (R) Tom Cotton U.S. House delegation 4 Republicans ( ) list Time zone : Central UTC / −6 −5 ISO 3166 US-AR Abbreviations , AR Ark. Website www .arkansas .gov Arkansas ( / ) AR-kən-saw is a [c] in the state region of the southeastern , home to over 3 million people as of 2017. United States  Its name is of  derivation from the language of the Siouan denoting their related kin, the Osage Quapaw . Indians The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the  and the Ozark , which make up the Ouachita Mountains , to the densely forested land in the south known as the U.S. Interior Highlands , to the eastern lowlands along the Arkansas Timberlands and the Mississippi River . Arkansas Delta
Arkansas is the
and the 29th largest by area of the 33rd most populous . The capital and most populous city is 50 United States , located in the central portion of the state, a hub for transportation, business, culture, and government. The northwestern corner of the state, such as the Little Rock and Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area , is a population, education, and economic center. The largest city in the state's eastern part is Fort Smith metropolitan area . The largest city in the state's southeastern part is Jonesboro . Pine Bluff
was Territory of Arkansas as the 25th state on June 15, 1836. admitted to the Union In 1861 Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the  during the Confederate States of America . On returning to the Union in 1868, the state continued to suffer due to its earlier reliance on Civil War and the slavery , causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. plantation economy rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the White . Arkansas began to diversify its economy following civil rights movement and relies on its service industry, aircraft, poultry, steel, tourism, cotton, and rice. World War II
is observable in museums, theaters, novels, television shows, restaurants, and athletic venues across the state. Arkansas's enduring image has earned the state "a special place in the American consciousness". People such as politician and educational advocate culture of Arkansas ; former President William Fulbright who served as the 40th and 42nd Governor of Arkansas; his wife, former Bill Clinton Secretary of State ; former Hillary Rodham Clinton NATO General Supreme Allied Commander , Walmart magnate Wesley Clark ; Sam Walton singer-songwriters  and Johnny Cash ; the poet Glen Campbell ; and physicist C.D. Wright , who was a pioneer in superconductor research; have all lived in Arkansas. William L. McMillan
Etymology and pronunciation
Arkansas was initially applied to the and derives from a Arkansas River term, French Arcansas, the plural term for , Quapaws a  -speaking Dhegiha Siouan people who settled in Arkansas around the 13th century. This comes from an Native American term, /akansa/, for the Quapaws, and is likely also the root term for Algonquian . Kansas
The name has been pronounced and spelled in a variety of fashions.
In 1881, the pronunciation of Arkansas with the final "s" being silent was made official by an act of the state legislature after a dispute arose between Arkansas's two U.S. senators as one favored the pronunciation as [c] / while the other favored AR-kən-saw / . KAN-zəs
In 2007, the state legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring that the possessive form of the state's name is
Arkansas's, which has been followed increasingly by the state government.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: