Arkansas

State of Arkansas
Flag of ArkansasState seal of Arkansas
FlagGreat Seal
Nickname(s): The Natural State (current)
The Bear State (former)
Motto(s): Regnat populus (Latin: The People Rule)
State song(s): "Arkansas", "Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me)", "Oh, Arkansas", and "The Arkansas Traveler"
Map of the United States with Arkansas highlighted
Official languageEnglish
DemonymArkansan
Arkansawyer
Arkanite
[1]
Capital
(and largest city)
Little Rock
Largest metroCentral Arkansas
AreaRanked 29th
 • Total53,180 sq mi
(137,733 km2)
 • Width270 miles (435 km)
 • Length240 miles (386 km)
 • % water2.09
 • Latitude33° 00′ N to 36° 30′ N
 • Longitude89° 39′ W to 94° 37′ W
PopulationRanked 33rd
 • Total3,004,279 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density56.4/sq mi  (21.8/km2)
Ranked 34th
 • Median household income$40,531 (48th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointMount Magazine[3][4][a][b]
2,753 ft (839 m)
 • Mean650 ft  (200 m)
 • Lowest pointOuachita River at Louisiana border[4][a]
55 ft (17 m)
Before statehoodArkansas Territory
Admission to UnionJune 15, 1836 (25th)
GovernorAsa Hutchinson (R)
Lieutenant GovernorTim Griffin (R)
LegislatureArkansas General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJohn Boozman (R)
Tom Cotton (R)
U.S. House delegation4 Republicans (list)
Time zoneCentral: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166US-AR
AbbreviationsAR, Ark.
Websitewww.arkansas.gov
Arkansas state symbols
Flag of Arkansas.svg
Seal of Arkansas.svg
Living insignia
BirdMockingbird
ButterflyDiana fritillary
FlowerApple blossom
InsectWestern honeybee
MammalWhite-tailed deer
TreePine tree
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
DanceSquare dance
FoodPecan
GemstoneDiamond
MineralQuartz
RockBauxite
SoilStuttgart
Song"Arkansas"
OtherSouth Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato (state fruit and vegetable)
State route marker
Arkansas state route marker
State quarter
Arkansas quarter dollar coin
Released in 2003
Lists of United States state symbols

Arkansas (ɔː/ AR-kən-saw)[c] is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017.[7][8] Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians.[9] The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Arkansas is the 29th largest by area and the 33rd most populous of the 50 United States. The capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state, a hub for transportation, business, culture, and government. The northwestern corner of the state, such as the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area and Fort Smith metropolitan area, is a population, education, and economic center. The largest city in the state's eastern part is Jonesboro. The largest city in the state's southeastern part is Pine Bluff.

The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836.[10] In 1861 Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. On returning to the Union in 1868, the state continued to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. White rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the civil rights movement. Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and relies on its service industry, aircraft, poultry, steel, tourism, cotton, and rice.

The culture of Arkansas is observable in museums, theaters, novels, television shows, restaurants, and athletic venues across the state. Arkansas's enduring image has earned the state "a special place in the American consciousness".[11] People such as politician and educational advocate William Fulbright; former President Bill Clinton who served as the 40th and 42nd Governor of Arkansas; his wife, former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton; former NATO Supreme Allied Commander General Wesley Clark, Walmart magnate Sam Walton;[12] singer-songwriters Johnny Cash and Glen Campbell; the poet C.D. Wright; and physicist William L. McMillan, who was a pioneer in superconductor research; have all lived in Arkansas.

Etymology and pronunciation

The name Arkansas was initially applied to the Arkansas River and derives from a French term, Arcansas, the plural term for Quapaws,[13] a Dhegiha Siouan-speaking Native American people who settled in Arkansas around the 13th century. This comes from an Algonquian term, /akansa/, for the Quapaws, and is likely also the root term for Kansas.[13]

The name has been pronounced and spelled in a variety of fashions.[c] In 1881, the pronunciation of Arkansas with the final "s" being silent was made official by an act of the state legislature after a dispute arose between Arkansas's two U.S. senators as one favored the pronunciation as ɔː/ AR-kən-saw while the other favored s/ KAN-zəs.[c]

In 2007, the state legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring that the possessive form of the state's name is Arkansas's, which has been followed increasingly by the state government.[15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Arkansas
አማርኛ: አርካንሳው
Ænglisc: Arkansas
العربية: أركنساس
aragonés: Arkansas
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܪܟܢܣܐܣ
arpetan: Arkansas
asturianu: Arkansas
Avañe'ẽ: Arkansas
Aymar aru: Arkansas suyu
azərbaycanca: Arkanzas
Bân-lâm-gú: Arkansas
башҡортса: Арканзас
беларуская: Арканзас
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арканзас
भोजपुरी: आर्कन्सा
Bikol Central: Arkansas
Bislama: Arkansas
български: Арканзас
Boarisch: Arkansas
bosanski: Arkansas
brezhoneg: Arkansas
буряад: Арканзас
català: Arkansas
Чӑвашла: Арканзас
Cebuano: Arkansas
čeština: Arkansas
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Arkansas
corsu: Arkansas
Cymraeg: Arkansas
dansk: Arkansas
davvisámegiella: Arkansas
Deutsch: Arkansas
eesti: Arkansas
Ελληνικά: Αρκάνσας
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Arkànsas
español: Arkansas
Esperanto: Arkansaso
euskara: Arkansas
فارسی: آرکانزاس
Fiji Hindi: Arkansas
føroyskt: Arkansas
français: Arkansas
Frysk: Arkansas
Gaeilge: Arkansas
Gaelg: Arkansas
Gagauz: Arkansas
Gàidhlig: Arkansas
galego: Arcansas
贛語: 阿肯色州
ગુજરાતી: અરકાનસાસ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Arkansas
хальмг: Арканзас
한국어: 아칸소 주
Hawaiʻi: ‘Akanaka
हिन्दी: आर्कन्सा
hornjoserbsce: Arkansas
hrvatski: Arkansas
Igbo: Arkinsọ
Ilokano: Arkansas
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আরকান্‌সাস
Bahasa Indonesia: Arkansas
interlingua: Arkansas
Interlingue: Arkansas
Iñupiak: Aakansaa
íslenska: Arkansas
italiano: Arkansas
עברית: ארקנסו
Basa Jawa: Arkansas
Kapampangan: Arkansas
ქართული: არკანზასი
kernowek: Arkansas
Kiswahili: Arkansas
Kreyòl ayisyen: Akennsas (eta)
kurdî: Arkansas
кырык мары: Арканзас
Ladino: Arkansas
لۊری شومالی: آرکانزاس
Latina: Arcansia
latviešu: Ārkanzasa
Lëtzebuergesch: Arkansas
lietuvių: Arkanzasas
Ligure: Arkansas
Limburgs: Arkansas
lumbaart: Arkansas
magyar: Arkansas
मैथिली: आर्कान्स
македонски: Арканзас
Malagasy: Arkansas
മലയാളം: അർക്കൻസാസ്
Māori: Arkansas
მარგალური: არკანზასი
مصرى: اركنساس
مازِرونی: آرکانزاس
Bahasa Melayu: Arkansas
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Arkansas
монгол: Арканзас
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အာကင်ဆောပြည်နယ်
Nāhuatl: Arkansas
Dorerin Naoero: Arkansas
Nederlands: Arkansas (staat)
Nedersaksies: Arkansas
नेपाली: आर्कान्स
नेपाल भाषा: आर्कान्सः
нохчийн: Арканзас
Nordfriisk: Arkansas
norsk: Arkansas
norsk nynorsk: Arkansas
occitan: Arkansas
олык марий: Арканзас
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arkanzas
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਆਰਕੰਸਾ
پنجابی: آرکانساس
Papiamentu: Arkansas
Piemontèis: Arkansas
Plattdüütsch: Arkansas
polski: Arkansas
português: Arkansas
română: Arkansas
rumantsch: Arkansas
Runa Simi: Arkansas suyu
русский: Арканзас
саха тыла: Арканзас
संस्कृतम्: अर्कान्स
sardu: Arkansas
Scots: Arkansas
Seeltersk: Arkansas
shqip: Arkansas
sicilianu: Arkansas
Simple English: Arkansas
سنڌي: ارڪنساس
slovenčina: Arkansas
slovenščina: Arkansas
ślůnski: Arkansas
Soomaaliga: Arkansas
کوردی: ئارکنساس
српски / srpski: Арканзас
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arkansas
suomi: Arkansas
svenska: Arkansas
Tagalog: Arkansas
தமிழ்: ஆர்கன்சா
татарча/tatarça: Арканзас
తెలుగు: ఆర్కాన్సా
Türkçe: Arkansas
українська: Арканзас
اردو: آرکنساس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Arkanzas Shtati
Tiếng Việt: Arkansas
Volapük: Arkansas
文言: 阿肯色州
Winaray: Arkansas
ייִדיש: ארקענסא
Yorùbá: Arkansas
粵語: 阿肯色州
Zazaki: Arkansas
žemaitėška: Arkanzasos
中文: 阿肯色州
Kabɩyɛ: Arakanzaa
Lingua Franca Nova: Arkansas